Mapping Sentinel Lymph Node in Initial Stages of Ovarian Cancer (MELISA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05184140|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 11, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2022
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) diagnosed in the initial stage (stage I-II) require complete staging surgery to histologically assess the possible existence of peritoneal or lymph node disease.
Systematic pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy in stage I-II EOC is essential since confirming the presence of lymph node metastases means re-staging the disease as stage III. This change of stage has important prognostic and therapeutic implications. However, the lymph node involvement rate is around 10-30% (average of 15%). Systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy carries a risk of intraoperative complications, as well as longer operative time, postoperative complications and longer hospital stay. Moreover, by now there is no evidence suggesting a possible therapeutic value.
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) detects the first level of lymph node drainage. The absence of metastases in the SLN predicts the absence of tumor infiltration of the rest of lymph nodes of the same anatomical region and allows to safely avoid lymphadenectomy and its associated morbidity. In addition, the exhaustive evaluation of the SLN by ultrastaging and immunohistochemical study allows to increase the detection of microscopic disease.
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy, implemented in clinical practice in other gynecological tumors (breast, vulva, cervix or endometrium), has been studied very little in the initial ovarian epithelial cancer. Unlike other gynecological tumors, there are multiple anatomical and technical aspects that largely explain this lack of information. The double ovarian vascularization that accompanies lymphatic drainage explains this higher complexity. Therefore, at the present time, the detection of SLN in the initial EOC remains an experimental area without applicability in clinical practice. There are multiple doubts and issues to be resolved regarding the different tracers, the site and time injection and the actual accuracy of the SLN versus the lymphadenectomy.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Ovarian Cancer Sentinel Lymph Node||Procedure: Sentinel node detection||Not Applicable|
The objective of this study is to know the lymphatic drainage and, if the lesion is malignant, remove the sentinel lymph nodes to know if it can predict the involvement of the remaining lymph nodes to assess the possible applicability of SLN in clinical practice.
- Evaluation of the ovarian lymphatic map: injection of radiotracer (99mTc-nanocolloid albumin) in patients with a diagnosis of adnexal mass with high suspicion of malignancy. Intraoperative lymphogammagraphy will be performed using a portable gammacamera. Patients with a delayed diagnosis of ovarian cancer who are candidates to undergo a re-staging surgery will be included.
- After the adnexectomy a frozen section will be performed to confirm the diagnosis of malignancy and then the ICG (Indocyanine green) tracer will be injected. Since the spread and persistence of the ICG in the lymph nodes is rapid, this tracer will be injected only after confirmation of EOC. Simultaneous screening with a gammadetector probe and NIR (near-infrared spectrum) camera will be used to proceed to the detection of SLN according to the lymphatic map previously.
- Ultrastaging of the SLN by applying hematoxylin and eosin staining (H&E) and, in the absence of metastatic disease, evaluation by immunohistochemistry with cytokeratin AE1: AE3.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||62 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Controlled, prospective, descriptive|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||MELISA Trial: Mapping sEntinel Lymph Node in Initial StAges of Ovarian Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 1, 2021|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 1, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 1, 2023|
Experimental: Adnexal mass with high suspicion of malignancy
An ovarian lymphatic map will be performed in patients with adnexal masses suspected of malignancy. Sentinel node exeresis and a complete staging surgery (including pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy) will be performed in patients with ovarian cancer confirmation including restaging surgeries.
Procedure: Sentinel node detection
Injection of the radiotracer to infundibulo-pelvic and utero-ovarian ligament in patients with high suspicion of malignancy adnexal mass. Injection of green indocyanine r to infundibulo-pelvic and utero-ovarian stumps only in case of malignancy after the adnexectomy.
Sentinel node exeresis and a complete staging surgery (including pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy) will be performed in patients with ovarian cancer diagnosis.
Other Name: Complete staging surgery
- Detection rate of sentinel node technique [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 2 years ]Detection of SLN in initial epithelial ovarian cancer by assessing the concordance of the result between the lymph node metastases and the lymphadenectomy
- Tracer specific detection rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]To know the global and specific SLN identification rate, depending on the type of tracer used.
- Tracer-related adverse events [ Time Frame: 1 month ]The number of patients with tracer-related adverse events
- False negative rate and negative predictive value [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Evaluate the existence of false negatives in metastatic involvement of the SLN and negative predictive value
- Anatomical location of the sentinel lymph node [ Time Frame: 2 years ]The aortic and pelvic region will be divided 13 regions
- Detection rate of gamma-camera, gamma-probe and Infrared fluorescence camera [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Evaluate the performance of intraoperative lymphoscintigraphy with gamma-camera, gamma-probe and Infrared fluorescence camera in the visualization of the ovarian lymphatic map.
- Surgical time extension performing SLN technique [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Evaluate the time it takes to perform the SLN technique
- Anatomopathological ultrastaging examination of the sentinel lymph node [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Evaluate if ultrastaging of the SLN improves the detection of micrometastases compared to conventional histology. Ultrastaging protocol will be performed, consisting of two consecutive histological sections (4 μm thick) obtained at regular intervals of 150 μm, performing 4 levels of each paraffin block. The first section will be stained with H&E and the second section will be stained immunohistochemically with an AE1-AE3 anti-keratin antibody (Dako®).
- Evaluation of sentinel lymph node technique [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 2 years ]To check the ovarian lymphatic drainage in patients with suspected malignant adnexal masses
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05184140
|Contact: Núria Agustí, MD||+34 932 27 54 00 ext email@example.com|
|Contact: Pilar Paredes, PhDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Núria Agustí Garcia||Recruiting|
|Barcelona, Spain, 08014|
|Contact: Núria Agustí Garcia, MD +34627654987 email@example.com|
|Study Director:||Aureli Torné, PhD||Hospital Clinic of Barcelona|
|Study Director:||Berta Díaz-Feijóo, PhD||Hospital Clinic of Barcelona|