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The DAPA-MEMRI Trial (DAPA-MEMRI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04591639
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
AstraZeneca
NHS Lothian
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Edinburgh

Brief Summary:

Diabetes mellitus is among the top 10 causes of death worldwide with an increasing incidence. Patients with diabetes are at risk of developing heart failure which is characterised by significant changes in the heart muscle including scarring and thickening. Contraction of the heart involves movement of calcium across the heart muscle and disruption of this process is an early change seen in heart failure. Recently, a drug therapy (SGLT2 inhibitor therapy) in patients with diabetes was shown to benefit patients with heart failure but the mechanisms of benefit are unknown.

Our hypothesis is that calcium handling is altered in patients with either type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or heart failure and that SGLT2 inhibitors can improve this in heart failure irrespective of the presence of T2DM.

Scanning the heart using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables detailed assessment of its structure and function by using a new contrast 'dye' containing manganese that has shown advantages over traditional contrast. We plan to further test this new dye as it has the potential to track and quantify improvements in heart function over time and detect changes in calcium handling in the heart muscle, making it an ideal measure to identify the mechanisms of benefit from SGLT2 inhibitor therapy.

The study population will comprise patients with heart failure with and without type 2 diabetes, patients with type 2 diabetes without heart failure and healthy volunteers. Baseline comparisons will be made between the four groups before progressing to the randomised controlled trial with heart failure patients only. Patients will have a clinical assessment and blood tests, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and MRI of the heart at each visit.

If successful, this study will give us significant insights into mechanisms of action of SGLT2 inhibitors in heart failure and will enable us to tailor specific treatments in heart failure patients.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Diabetic Cardiomyopathies Drug: Dapagliflozin 10 milligrams [Farxiga] Drug: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The study is designed to investigate the myocardial calcium handling in patients with heart failure with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus and if Dapagliflozin (study drug) improves the myocardial calcium handling in patients with heart failure and diabetes mellitus.

We propose to conduct this study in two parts.

  1. OBSERVATIONAL CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

    An observational cross-sectional study will be undertaken to compare myocardial calcium in patients with diabetes mellitus and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (n=20), patients with heart failure in the absence of diabetes mellitus (n=60), and patients with both diabetes mellitus and heart failure (n=60). They will be compared with healthy volunteers (n=20).

    There will be an initial meeting, where informed consent will be documented and a medical assessment including blood tests will be undertaken as well as an echocardiogram will be performed. Healthy volunteers will only undergo Manganese enhanced cardiac MRI scan. The other cohorts will undergo a gadolinium enhanced cardiac MRI scan on their first visit. On a subsequent visit, they will undergo 1 cardiac Manganese enhanced Manganese MRI scan (MEMRI) which lasts 45-60 minutes. Participants will be monitored with blood pressure and ECG monitoring throughout the MEMRI scan. Patients will be offered an anti-sickness medication if required following the MEMRI scan.

  2. RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TRIAL

We will undertake a randomised double-blind placebo controlled trial of patients with heart failure with (n=60) and without (n=60) type 2 diabetes mellitus. These participants would have been recruited as part of the observational study as described above from out-patient clinics at the Edinburgh Heart Centre. If all eligibility criteria are met, patients will be randomised to receive treatment with either Dapagliflozin 10 mg, or matched placebo, once daily for 6 months at a ratio of 1:1. Detailed clinical assessment including history and examination, blood sampling, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and cardiac MRI will be collected at baseline, 1 and 6 months.

There will also be a 3 month safety visit after randomisation to record any adverse events.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 160 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The observational component of the study will have 4 cohort of participants (patients with type 2 diabetes without heart failure, patients with heart failure with or without diabetes and healthy volunteers) The randomised controlled trial component of the study will have 2 groups of patients - heart failure with or without type 2 diabetes
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: As above
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: An Observational Cross-sectional Study and a Double-blind Placebo Controlled Randomised Controlled Trial to Assess the Effect of Dapagliflozin on Myocardial Calcium-handling in Patients With Heart Failure- The DAPA-MEMRI Trial.
Actual Study Start Date : August 19, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 19, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 19, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Patients with heart failure without type 2 diabetes
60 patients with heart failure without type 2 diabetes will be recruited and will either be randomised to placebo or Dapagliflozin after their baseline cardiac MRIs. They will have 2 cardiac MRIs (gadolinium and manganese enhanced) at baseline and further manganese enhanced cardiac MRI at 1 month post randomisation + gadolinium and manganese enhanced cardiac MRI at 6 months post randomisation.
Drug: Dapagliflozin 10 milligrams [Farxiga]
Patients with heart failure with or without type 2 diabetes will be either randomised to 10mg Dapagliflozin once daily or matched placebo.

Drug: Placebo
Patients with heart failure with or without type 2 diabetes will be either randomised to 10mg Dapagliflozin once daily or matched placebo.

Patients with heart failure with type 2 diabetes
60 patients with heart failure with type 2 diabetes will be recruited and will either be randomised to placebo or Dapagliflozin after their baseline cardiac MRIs. They will have 2 cardiac MRIs (gadolinium and manganese enhanced) at baseline and further manganese enhanced cardiac MRI at 1 month post randomisation + gadolinium and manganese enhanced cardiac MRI at 6 months post randomisation.
Drug: Dapagliflozin 10 milligrams [Farxiga]
Patients with heart failure with or without type 2 diabetes will be either randomised to 10mg Dapagliflozin once daily or matched placebo.

Drug: Placebo
Patients with heart failure with or without type 2 diabetes will be either randomised to 10mg Dapagliflozin once daily or matched placebo.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of change in myocardial T1 values with manganese enhanced cardiac MRI [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Left ventricular ejection fraction measured in percentage on cardiac MRI [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. Left ventricular mass measured in grams on cardiac MRI [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  3. Cardiac biomarkers like N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide in nanogram per litre [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  4. Markers of diabetes control including glucose in millimoles per litre [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  5. Clinical measures such as heart rate in beats per minute [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  6. Extracellular volume in percentage as per cardiac MRI measurements [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  7. Global longitudinal strain in percentage as calculated on cardiac MRI [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  8. Clinical measures such as body weight in Kilograms [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  9. Clinical measures such as blood pressure in millimetres of mercury [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  10. Cardiac biomarkers like high sensitivity cardiac troponin I in nanogram per litre [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  11. Measures of glucose control like glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in millimoles per mole [ Time Frame: 6 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients with heart failure (with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus)

  • Aged over 18 years
  • Diagnosis of symptomatic reduced ejection fraction heart failure for at least 2 months
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%
  • Elevated N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (>125 pg/mL)
  • Clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus for 50% of patient population - on stable therapy for at least 12 months or more.

Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and no heart failure

  • Aged over 18 years
  • Clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (diagnosed by either HbA1c of 48mmol/mol (6.5%) or greater or fasting plasma glucose level of 7mmol/L or greater at the time of diagnosis)

    - on stable therapy for at least 12 months or more.

  • Normal left ventricular systolic ejection fraction

Healthy Volunteers

  • Aged over 18 years
  • Normal left ventricular ejection fraction and glycaemia
  • No clinically significant co-morbid conditions

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with heart failure (with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus)

  • Receiving an SGLT2 inhibitor within 8 weeks of enrolment
  • Previous intolerance of, or contraindication to, an SGLT2 inhibitor
  • Standard magnetic resonance imaging safety exclusions
  • Severe renal impairment (eGFR <30millilitre/min. 1.73m2)
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Symptomatic hypotension or systolic blood pressure <95 mmHg
  • Recent (within 12 weeks) hospitalisation for heart failure, acute cardiovascular event (such as myocardial infarction or stroke) or coronary re-vascularisation.
  • 2nd or 3rd degree atrioventricular block Atrial fibrillation or flutter with poor ventricular rate control (>100 /min)
  • Heart failure due to restrictive cardiomyopathy, active myocarditis, constrictive pericarditis, hypertrophic (obstructive) cardiomyopathy or uncorrected primary valvular disease
  • New York Heart Association grade IV heart failure
  • Obstructive liver function testing abnormalities
  • Concomitant digoxin, diltiazem or verapamil therapy.

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and no heart failure

  • Other major clinically significant co-morbid conditions
  • History of ischaemic heart disease or present history suggestive of probable clinically significant underlying ischaemic heart disease
  • Standard magnetic resonance imaging safety exclusions
  • Moderate or severe renal impairment (eGFR <45 mL/min. 1.73m2)
  • Receiving a SGLT2 inhibitor at any time
  • Symptomatic hypotension or systolic blood pressure <95 mmHg
  • Abnormal electrocardiogram
  • Clinically significant abnormalities of clinical haematology or biochemistry measurements.

Healthy Volunteers

  • Major or clinically significant cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Receiving an SGLT2 inhibitor at any time
  • Standard magnetic resonance imaging safety exclusions
  • Moderate or severe renal impairment (eGFR <45 mL/min. 1.73m2)
  • Symptomatic hypotension or systolic blood pressure <95 mmHg
  • Abnormal electrocardiogram
  • Clinically significant abnormalities of clinical haematology or biochemistry measurements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04591639


Contacts
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Contact: Shruti Joshi, MBBS, MRCP 0131 650 1000 sjoshi@ed.ac.uk
Contact: David Newby, PhD, BM, DM, MRCP, DSc, FRSE 0131 650 1000 d.e.newby@ed.ac.uk

Locations
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United Kingdom
University of Edinburgh Recruiting
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Contact: Shruti Joshi, MBBS, MRCP    0131 650 1000    sjoshi@ed.ac.uk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Edinburgh
AstraZeneca
NHS Lothian
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Responsible Party: University of Edinburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04591639    
Other Study ID Numbers: AC20006
First Posted: October 19, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Edinburgh:
Heart failure
Sodium glucose Co-transporter 2 inhibitor therapy
Manganese enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Heart Failure
Cardiomyopathies
Diabetic Cardiomyopathies
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Dapagliflozin
Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs