Cemiplimab in AlloSCT/SOT Recipients With CSCC (CONTRAC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04339062|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 8, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 28, 2023
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In this research study, Cemiplimab is being evaluated as a treatment for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in participants who have previously received an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant or kidney transplant.
- This research study involves the following drug(s):
- Everolimus or Sirolimus
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Advanced Cancer||Drug: Cemiplimab Drug: Everolimus Drug: Sirolimus Drug: Prednisone||Phase 1|
- This an open-label, two cohort, phase I/II research study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Cemiplimab as a treatment for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in participants who have received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell or kidney transplants.
The research study procedures include screening for eligibility, study treatment, participant evaluations and safety follow-up visits. It is expected that about 12 people will take part in this research study.
- Participants will be divided into two groups (cohorts) of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell recipients or kidney transplants recipients.
- Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell recipients will only receive the study treatment drug of Cemiplimab.
- Kidney transplant recipients will receive the study treatment drug of Cemiplimab along with the immunosuppressant drugs of Everolimus or Sirolimus and Prednisone to prevent kidney rejection.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Cemiplimab as a treatment option for patients with advanced cutaneous squamous cell cancer, but the FDA has not approved the use of Cemiplimab in participants who have received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants or kidney transplants in the past.
-- Cemiplimab is a type of drug called a monoclonal antibody. Antibodies are proteins naturally found in your blood that fight infections. A monoclonal antibody is a special kind of antibody that is manufactured as a medication to target specific proteins in the body that may be involved this type of cancer.
Cemiplimab is a human monoclonal anti-PD-1 antibody that works by blocking the programmed death-1 (PD-1), a cell receptor on immune cells that is involved in preventing immune cells from destroying other cells. Blocking the receptor is expected to help immune cells attack cancer cells.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||12 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Safety and Efficacy of Cemiplimab (PD-1 Blockade) in Selected Organ Transplant Recipients With Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (CONTRAC)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 15, 2020|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 15, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 1, 2024|
Experimental: Cohort 1 Cemiplimab
Participants who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant
-- Cemiplimab: via IV, flat predetermined dosage every 21 days
Cemiplimab: via IV, flat predetermined dosage every 21 days.
Other Name: Libtayo
Experimental: Cohort 2 Cemiplimab + Everolimus/Sirolimus + Prednisone
Participants who received a kidney transplant will receive
Cemiplimab: via IV, flat predetermined dosage every 21 days.
Other Name: Libtayo
Everolimus at least 7-10 days prior to receiving the first dose of cemiplimab (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily while eceiving Cemiplimab
Sirolimus at least 7-10 days prior to receiving the first dose of cemiplimab (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily while receiving Cemiplimab
Other Name: Rapamune
40 mg orally the day prior to the start of cemiplimab dosing (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily at tapered dosing while receiving Cemiplimab
- Rate of Dose Limiting Toxicity [ Time Frame: first dose of study treatment up to 100 days ]
Patient safety will be assured by monitoring the proportions of patients who have observed GVHD in Cohort 1 or renal transplant rejection in Cohort 2 when 3 or 6 patients have been enrolled into each cohort.
Participants will be evaluable for toxicity from the time of their first treatment.
- Progression Free Survival Rate [ Time Frame: Time from registration to the earlier of progression or death due to any cause up to 1 year ]Per RECIST v1.1, at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. Per WHO criteria, at least a 25% increase in the sum of the product of the two longest diameters among all lesions, or at least 25% increase in any 1 lesion.
- Overall Survival Rate [ Time Frame: Time from registration to death due to any cause, or censored at date last known alive up to 1 year ]Kaplan-Meier
- Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Kaplan-Meier.
- Therapeutic Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Time-to-event endpoints will be summarized using the method of Kaplan-Meier. Point estimates for each endpoint will be presented with 90% confidence intervals derived using log(- log(survival)) methodology
- Secondary Infection Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Time-to-event endpoints will be summarized using the method of Kaplan-Meier. Point estimates for each endpoint will be presented with 90% confidence intervals derived using log(- log(survival)) methodology
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Patients must have histologically confirmed, advanced or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) with 1 or more measurable lesions (greater than or equal to 1 cm).
- A history of either (Cohort 1) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) and ≥ 2 years or 730 days from day 0 of their HSCT with adequate bone marrow function (see Section 3.1.6) and off of all systemic immunosuppression (topical agents permitted) for at least 3 months prior to enrollment; sequelae of chronic GVHD is permitted (i.e. chronic dry eyes, sclerodermatous skin changes, etc.) if the patient is not on systemic immunosuppression, or (Cohort 2) a renal transplant with a functioning allograft (at least 6 months from allograft transplant) as determined by estimated glomerular filtration (GFR) rate (CKD-EPI equation , Appendix A) ≥ 30 mL/min, baseline proteinuria lower than 0.5 g/day (spot urine protein-creatinine ratio), and off antiproliferative immunosuppressive medications. Willing to provide blood and tissue from diagnostic biopsies.
- Age 18 years or older.
- ECOG performance status ≤ 2 (Karnofsky ≥ 60%, see Appendix B).
Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:
- leukocytes ≥ 2,200/mcL
- absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mcL
- platelets ≥ 90,000/mcL
- total bilirubin within normal institutional limits (except in cases where Gilbert syndrome is known or suspected, where total bilirubin should be < 3 mg/dL)
- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
- creatinine ≤ 1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal OR
- estimated GFR ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal (CKD-EPI equation).
- urine protein/creatinine ratio < 0.5 (equal to less than 500 mg of proteinuria per day)
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
- A prior history of acute GVHD that has resolved, or sequelae of chronic GVHD following allo-HSCT is permitted. Active acute GVHD patients are excluded.
- Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use at least 1 highly effective form of contraception (refer to Appendix C for examples). WOCBP should plan to use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for up to 7 months (30 days plus the time required for cemiplimab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.
"Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP)" is defined as any female who has experienced menarche, who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy), who is not postmenopausal, who is sexually active with a male partner. Menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level less than 40 mIU/mL.
- Women of childbearing potential, as defined above, must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of cemiplimab.
- Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 months after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of childbearing potential as defined above, and azoospermic men) do not require contraception. See Appendix C for further guidance on contraception
- Participants who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have unresolved toxicities from prior anti-cancer therapy more than 4 weeks earlier, defined as not resolved to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 5.0), grade 0 or 1.
- Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
- For Cohort 1 allo-HSCT patients enrolling to the study, corticosteroid doses > 10 mg of prednisone daily or equivalent within 4 weeks of the first dose of PD-1 inhibitor are prohibited. For Cohort 2 renal transplant patients enrolling to the study, corticosteroid use is permitted if used as part of their immunosuppressive regimen for graft protection prior to enrollment.
- Existing significant autoimmune conditions. Patients with a history of Hashimoto thyroiditis who are stable on replacement hormone therapy are not excluded.
- Known human immunodeficiency virus carrier or a diagnosis of immunodeficiency. Any positive test result for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating presence of virus, e.g., Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, Australia antigen) positive, or Hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) positive (except if HCV-RNA negative).
- Kidney transplant recipients with active acute rejection.
- Allergy to cemiplimab or any of its components.
- Any prior exposure to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor idelalisib.
- Subject who has been treated with immunotherapy. This includes prior treatment with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways (including chimeric antigen receptor [CAR] T cell therapies). Prior topical or intralesional immunotherapies (e.g. imiquimod, talimogene laherparepvec) are allowed.
- Subject with known and untreated brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. However, baseline brain imaging is not required prior to enrollment in the study if patients are asymptomatic. Patients at least 4 weeks out from metastatic central nervous system (CNS) treatment are permitted to enroll, if they are asymptomatic, radiographically stable per the investigator, and on stable doses of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) and oral corticosteroids (for Cohort 1 only, the patient must be on 10 mg of prednisone daily equivalent dosing or less, see 3.2.2) at the time of enrollment.
- Participants receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 are ineligible. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated list such as http://medicine.iupui.edu/clinpharm/ddis/table.aspx; medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product.
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia.
- Known non-infectious pneumonitis or any history of interstitial lung disease.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04339062
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Dana Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||Glenn J Hanna, MD||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Responsible Party:||Glenn J. Hanna, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||April 8, 2020 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||March 28, 2023|
|Last Verified:||March 2023|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Yes|
|Plan Description:||The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.|
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
|Time Frame:||Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication|
|Access Criteria:||Contact the Belfer Office for Dana-Farber Innovations (BODFI) at email@example.com|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
|Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:||No|
Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological