Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Impact of a Gluten-free Diet on Quality of Life in Patients With Axial Spondyloarthritis. (GlutenSPA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04274374
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 18, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 7, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
PANZANI
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand

Brief Summary:
Subclinical intestinal inflammation and gut dysbiosis have been reported in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). In common practice, rheumatologists are increasingly confronted with patients with inflammatory rheumatism who are on gluten-free diets (GFDs), despite the lack of reliable data from controlled studies. This study aims to determine the impact of a GFD on the quality of life of patients with axial SpA.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ankylosing Spondyloarthritis Dietary Supplement: Gluten-Free Diet Dietary Supplement: Gluten Diet Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The GlutenSpA study is a 24-week, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Patients with axial SpA (n=200) will follow a 16-week GFD and be randomly assigned (1:1) to an experimental or control arm. In the experimental arm with receive at least 6 gluten-free breads per day + 200 g of gluten-free penne pasta per week + 6 rice flavor capsules per day. The control arm will receive at least 6 gluten-containing breads per day + 200 g of gluten-containing penne pasta per week + 6 vital gluten-containing capsules per day.

At baseline, the dietician will explain to the patients how to properly follow a GFD during a face-to-face interview. The patient's compliance to the GFD will be evaluated by the dietician at S2, S16, an S24 using an online 3-day alimentary questionnaire.

The bread and penne pasta were chosen for their visual resemblance and similar taste to maximize the blindness of the study. In order to reach the daily amount of gluten in a standard diet (estimated in France between 10 and 15 g/d) in the control arm, each day patients will have to ingest six capsules of vital gluten wheat made for the study. Vital gluten flour is an over-the-counter food supplement used to enrich a protein diet or as a base for making products, such as seitan. Capsules will be made using commercially available vital gluten and contain 0.35 g of gluten per capsule. The total amount of gluten in the control arm will be approximately 10.5 g/day.

After the 16-week GFD, patients will be offered to follow or not follow the GFD according to their own decision for an 8-week open-labelled follow-up period. The study duration for each patient is 24 weeks. The patient recruitment is expected to last 2 years

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Impact of a Gluten-free Diet on Quality of Life in Patients With Axial Spondyloarthritis: Study Protocol of a Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : October 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: experimental arm
In the experimental arm will receive at least 6 gluten-free breads per day + 200 g of gluten-free penne pasta per week + 6 rice flavor capsules per day
Dietary Supplement: Gluten-Free Diet
Dietary supplement without gluten

Active Comparator: control arm
the control arm will received 6 gluten-containing breads per day + 200 g of gluten-containing penne pasta per week + 6 vital gluten-containing capsules per day
Dietary Supplement: Gluten Diet
Dietary supplement with gluten




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of the variation in quality of life evaluated variation inby the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) Health Index [ Time Frame: Change from baseline ASAS HI score at 16 weeks ]
    The self-report questionnaire measures functioning and health across 17 aspects of health and 9 environmental factors (EF) in patients with SpA. The total sum of the ASAS HI ranges from 0-17, with a lower score indicating a better health status.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on the activity of SpA evaluated by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). [ Time Frame: Change from baseline BASDAI score at 16 weeks ]
    The BASDAI consists of a 0 - 10 scale measuring discomfort, pain, and fatigue (0 being no problem and 10 being the worst problem) in response to six questions. The resulting 0 to 50 score is divided by 5 to give a final 0 - 10 BASDAI score. Scores of 4 or greater suggest suboptimal control of disease,

  2. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on parameters of inflammation evaluated by the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). [ Time Frame: Change from baseline ESR at 16 weeks ]
    An ESR is a type of blood test that measures how quickly erythrocytes settle at the bottom of a test tube that contains a blood sample. Normally, red blood cells settle relatively slowly. A faster-than-normal rate may indicate inflammation in the body.

  3. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on parameters of inflammation evaluated by the C-reactive protein (CRP) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline CRP at 16 weeks ]
    A c-reactive protein test measures the level of c-reactive protein (CRP) in your blood. CRP is a protein made by your liver. It's sent into your bloodstream in response to inflammation. Normally, you have low levels of c-reactive protein in your blood. High levels may be sign of a serious infection or other disorder.

  4. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on fatigue assessed by the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) Fatigue Scale. [ Time Frame: Change from baseline FACIT score at 16 weeks ]
    The FACIT Fatigue Scale is a short, 13-item, that measures an individual's level of fatigue during their usual daily activities over the past week. Score range 0-52. A score of less than 30 indicates severe fatigue. The higher the score, the better the quality of life

  5. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on depression evaluated by the Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HAD) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline HAD score at 16 weeks ]
    The HAD scale is a fourteen item scale that generates: Seven of the items relate to anxiety and seven relate to depression. Each item on the questionnaire is scored from 0-3 and this means that a person can score between 0 and 21 for either anxiety or depression. cut-off point of 8/21 for anxiety or depression

  6. Variations in the abundance and type of different bacterial species found in the intestinal microbiota for a subgroup of patients [ Time Frame: Change from baseline abundance and types of bacteria at 16 weeks ]
    The microbiota will be analyzed in a subgroup of patients (n = 40) using stool samples collected at J0 and S16

  7. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on functional disability asssessed by Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functionnal Index (BASFI) questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change from baseline BASFI score at 16 weeks and at 24 weeks ]
    Functional disability index consisting of 10 questions. The final score is calculated on 100 points. The higher the score, the greater the handicap.

  8. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on the persistence of fibromyalgia syndrome [ Time Frame: Persistence of fibromyalgia syndrome at week 16 and 24 (if present at inclusion) ]
    the Fibromyalgia rapid screening tool (FIRST) questionnaire makes it possible to screen for fibromyalgia syndrome quickly and easily. The FIRST questionnaire consists of 6 questions. A score of 5/6 or higher indicates definite fibromyalgia syndrome

  9. Evaluation of compliance with the GFD by an interview with the dietician [ Time Frame: at week 16 ]
    The patient's compliance to the GFD will be evaluated by the dietician using an online 3-day alimentary questionnaire. The patient will have to postpone all food consumed and its quantity during the last 3 days before the consultation with the dietician

  10. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on body mass index (BMI) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline BMI at week 16 and 24 ]
    The BMI will be calculated by the formula (height/weight²).

  11. effects of a 16-week GFD versus placebo diet on Homeostasis Model Assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline insulin resistance at week 16 ]
    Insulin resistance will be calculated by the following formula : fasting blood glucose (mmol / l) x fasting insulin (μmol/l) /22.5. A score greater than or equal to 3 indicates insulin resistance



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • diagnosis of axial SpA defined by ASAS criteria
  • Rheumatologist not wish to change the treatment within 4 months of inclusion,
  • stable treatment (NSAID and/or DMARD) for at least 3 months but no corticosteroid infiltration in the month prior to inclusion,
  • able to follow a GFD and to provide written informed consent and submit to the requirements of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any diet at the time of inclusion or within 3 months prior to inclusion;
  • have a history of celiac disease;
  • received antibiotic treatment within 3 months of inclusion or are taking a probiotic;
  • are pregnant, breastfeeding,
  • not covered by social security;
  • minors or adults under the protection of the law or under the protection of justice.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04274374


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Lise Laclautre, Pharm D 334.73.754.963 promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr

Locations
Layout table for location information
France
CHU de Bordeaux
Bordeaux, France, 33000
Contact: Lise Laclautre    334.73.754.963    promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr   
Principal Investigator: Thierry SHAEVERBEKE, MD, PhD         
CHU de Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand, France, 63000
Contact: Lise Laclautre    334.73.754.963    promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr   
Principal Investigator: Marion COUDERC, MD         
CHU de Grenoble
Grenoble, France, 38000
Contact: Lise laclautre    334.73.754.963    promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr   
Principal Investigator: Philippe GAUDIN, MD, PhD         
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Lyon, France, 69000
Contact: Lise Laclautre    334.73.754.963    promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr   
Principal Investigator: Roland CHAPURLAT, MD, PhD         
CHU de Montpellier
Montpellier, France, 34000
Contact: Lise Laclautre    334.73.754.963    promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr   
Principal Investigator: Jacques MOREL, MD, PhD         
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) - Hôpital Cochin
Paris, France, 75000
Contact: Lise Laclautre    334.73.754.963    promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr   
Principal Investigator: Maxime DOUGADOS, MD, PhD         
CHU de Saint-Etienne
Saint-Étienne, France, 42000
Contact: Lise Laclautre    334.73.754.963    promo_interne_drci@chu-clermontferrand.fr   
Principal Investigator: Thierry THOMAS, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand
PANZANI
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Marion Couderc, MD CHU de Clermont-Ferrand
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04274374    
Other Study ID Numbers: PHRC IR 2017 COUDERC
2018-A00309-46 ( Other Identifier: ANSM )
First Posted: February 18, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand:
spondyloarthritis
ankylosing spondylitis
gluten-free diet
gut microbiota
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Spondylarthritis
Spondylitis, Ankylosing
Spondylitis
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Spondylarthropathies
Ankylosis