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APG-2575 Single Agent or in Combination With Ibrutinib or Rituximab in Patients With Waldenström Macroglobulinemia (MAPLE-1)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04260217
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ascentage Pharma Group Inc.

Brief Summary:
Phase Ib/II study of safety, tolerability, efficacy and PK of APG-2575 as a single agent or in combination with other therapeutic agents including ibrutinib or rituximab.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Drug: APG2575 400 mg Drug: APG2575 600 mg Drug: APG2575 800 mg Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, multi-center Phase Ib/II study of safety, tolerability, efficacy and PK of APG-2575 as a single agent or in combination with other therapeutic agents including ibrutinib or rituximab. The study consists of the dose escalation and the dose expansion phases. The clinical trial will have multiple arms with ability to subsequently add more treatment arms based upon clinical activity of APG2575 in WM. Initially the study will contain 3 arms noted below, all the arms are independent.

Arm A: APG-2575 will be administered as a single agent to determine the MTD/RP2D in subjects who are relapsed/resistant or intolerant to ibrutinib or other BTK inhibitors.

The Dose escalation phase of APG-2575 as monotherapy will use mTPI-2 design. The starting target dose (using ramp-up if needed) is 400 mg (dose level; DL1) and will be increased to 600 mg (DL2), 800 mg (DL3) accordingly. Doses can be increased to higher level depending on safety and PK results based on discussions of the Investigators and Sponsor. APG-2575 will be administered orally once daily until time of progression or unacceptable toxicity. After the MTD/RP2D is determined, up to 12 additional patients will be enrolled at RP2D in dose-expansion phase to further evaluate safety and efficacy of APG-2575.

Arm B: APG-2575 will be administered in combination with ibrutinib in subjects with previously untreated WM.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 123 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: APG2575 400 mg ramp up arm
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib /II Open-label, Multi-center Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of APG-2575 Single Agent or in Combination With Ibrutinib or Rituximab in Patients With Waldenström Macroglobulinemia (MAPLE-1)
Actual Study Start Date : May 30, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 30, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: APG2575 400 mg
APG2575 400mg ramp up arm
Drug: APG2575 400 mg
APG2575 400 mg

Drug: APG2575 600 mg
APG2575 600 mg

Drug: APG2575 800 mg
APG2575 800 mg

Experimental: APG2575 600 mg
APG2575 600 mg ramp up arm
Drug: APG2575 600 mg
APG2575 600 mg

Drug: APG2575 800 mg
APG2575 800 mg

Experimental: APG2575 800 mg arm
APG2575 800 mg arm ramp up
Drug: APG2575 800 mg
APG2575 800 mg

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Primary Toxicity Endpoint: dose limiting toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: 42 days ]
    DLT will be defined based on the rate of drug-related grade 3-5 adverse events experienced within the first 6 weeks (2 cycles) of study treatment. These will be assessed via CTCAE version 5.0

  2. Maximally tolerated dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: 42 days ]
    MTD will be determined based on DLTs observed during the first 6 weeks (2 cycles) of study treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 95 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Criteria for inclusion:

Patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for participation in this study:

  1. Local confirmed clinicopathological diagnosis of WM in accordance with the consensus panel of the Second International Workshop on WM (Owen 2003).
  2. WM patients with symptomatic and measurable disease (defined as presence of serum immunoglobulin M (IgM)>0.5g/dL), requiring treatment as per mSMART guidelines (Kyle 2003): with B symptoms (fever, night sweats, fatigue, night sweats weight loss), progressive lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly, anemia (hemoglobin value of <10 g/dL) or platelet count <100*109/L due to marrow infiltration. Complications such as hyperviscosity syndrome, symptomatic sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy due to WM, systemic amyloidosis related to WM, renal insufficiency related to WM, or symptomatic cryoglobulinemia may also be indications for therapy.
  3. For Arm A only: Have received at least one prior therapy for WM. Patient must have either failed (defined as progressing while on or within 6 months of treatment with ibrutinib treatment) or intolerant to ibrutinib.
  4. For Arm B only: Previously untreated WM.
  5. For Arm C only: Have received at least one prior therapy, relapsed or refractory WM.
  6. Adequate hematologic function defined as:

    1. ANC ≥1.0 x 109/L independent of growth factor support within 7 days of the first dose with study drug.
    2. Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL without transfusion or growth factor support within 7 days of the first dose of study drug.
    3. Platelet count ≥ 75 x 109/L without transfusion support within 7 days of the first dose of study drug.
  7. Adequate hepatic and renal function defined as:

    1. AST and ALT < 2.5 x ULN (upper limit of normal)
    2. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >30mL/min
    3. Bilirubin< 1.5 x ULN
  8. PT/INR ≤1.5 x ULN and PTT (aPTT) ≤1.5 x ULN.
  9. ≥18 years of age.
  10. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) ≤1.
  11. Life expectancy≥3 months.
  12. Female subjects who are of non-reproductive potential (i.e., post-menopausal by history-no menses for ≥2 year; OR history of hysterectomy; OR history of bilateral tubal ligation; OR history of bilateral oophorectomy). Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon study entry.
  13. Male and female subjects who agree to use highly effective methods of birth control (e.g.,condoms, implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine devices[IUDs], sexual abstinence, or sterilized partner) during the period of therapy and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug and 90 days (males) after the last dose of study drug.

Symptomatic disease meeting at least 1 of the recommendations from the Second International Workshop on Waldenström Macroglobulinemia for requiring treatment (Kyle 2003):

  1. Constitutional symptoms documented in the subject's chart with supportive objective measures, as appropriate, defined as one or more of the following disease-related symptoms or signs:

    1. Unintentional weight loss ≥10% within the previous 6 months prior to Screening
    2. Fevers higher than 100.5°F or 38.0°C for 2 or more weeks prior to Screening without evidence of infection
    3. Night sweats for more than 1 month prior to Screening without evidence of infection
  2. Clinically relevant fatigue which is not relieved by rest due to WM
  3. Symptomatic hyperviscosity or serum viscosity levels greater than 4.0 centipoises
  4. Lymphadenopathy which is either symptomatic or bulky (≥5cm in maximum diameter)
  5. Symptomatic hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly and/or organ tissue infiltration
  6. Peripheral neuropathy due to WM
  7. Symptomatic cryoglobulinemia
  8. Cold agglutinin anemia
  9. IgM related immune hemolytic anemia and/or thrombocytopenia
  10. Nephropathy related to WM
  11. Amyloidosis related to WM
  12. Hemoglobin ≤10g/dL
  13. Platelet count <100 x109/L
  14. Serum monoclonal protein >5g/dL, with or without overt clinical symptoms.
  15. Any other condition or circumstance that would, in the opinion of the investigator, make the patient unsuitable for participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Criteria for exclusion:

Patients who meet any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be enrolled in this study:

  1. For Arm A only: Patients who have never been treated with ibrutinib.
  2. For Arm B only: Patients who have previously received any treatment for WM.
  3. For Arm C only:

    1. Patients who have previously been treated with ibrutinib or other BTK inhibitor.
    2. Disease that is refractory to the last prior rituximab based-therapy defined as either Relapse after the last rituximab-based therapy (<12 months since last dose of rituximab), OR Failure to achieve at least a MR after the last rituximab-based therapy.
    3. Rituximab treatment within the last 12 months before the first dose of study drug.
    4. Known anaphylaxis or IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to murine proteins or to any component of rituximab.
  4. Patients with central nervous system involvement (Bing-Neel syndrome), active infection (including active hepatitis B or C virus infection, known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive) or any other serious (unresolved) medical condition.
  5. Plasmapheresis <35 days prior to the initiation of study drug. (Note: Subjects with high IgM values or hyper-viscosity symptoms during screening may receive plasmapheresis prior to initiating study drug if the previous plasmapheresis was performed >35 days before the plasmapheresis performed during screening (in order to obtain a true baseline IgM value for efficacy evaluations).
  6. Failure to have fully recovered (i.e., ≤Grade 1 toxicity) from the reversible effects of prior treatment for WM.
  7. Significant screening electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities including left bundle branch block, 2nd degree atrioventricular (AV) block type II, 3rd degree block, or corrected QT interval (QTc) ≥470 msec.
  8. Unable to swallow tablets or malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease or ulcerative colitis, or partial or complete bowel obstruction.
  9. History of active or chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV) defined by positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  10. Currently active, clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia or Class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to randomization.
  11. Major surgical procedure within ≤14 days prior to initiating study treatment, or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of the study treatment, radiotherapy ≤14 days prior to initiating study treatment, systemic treatment within 14 days before the first dose of APG-2575.
  12. Recent infection requiring systemic treatment that was completed≤14 days before the first dose of study drug.
  13. Any uncontrolled active systemic infection.
  14. Any concurrent malignancy.
  15. Concomitant use of warfarin or other Vitamin K antagonists (eg. phenoprocoumon).
  16. Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitor.
  17. Known bleeding disorders (eg, von Willebrand's disease) or hemophilia.
  18. History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 12 months prior to enrollment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04260217

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Contact: Angela Kaiser 310-509-0357 angela.kaiser@ascentage.com

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United States, California
City of Hope Recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
City of Hope Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 91030
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic Recruiting
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
United States, New York
Weill Cornell Univ Hospitals Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Pennsylvania
Fox Chase Cancer Center Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19111
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
St. Vincent Hospital Recruiting
Melbourne, Australia, 3065
Principal Investigator: Masa Lasica         
Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Recruiting
Beijing, China
Principal Investigator: Wenming Chen, MD         
The First Affiliated Hospital,College Of Medicine,Zhejiang University Recruiting
Hangzhou, China
Principal Investigator: Jie Jin, MD         
The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University Recruiting
Nanjing, China
Principal Investigator: Li Wang, MD         
Fu Dan Zhongshan Hospital Recruiting
Shanghai, China
Principal Investigator: Peng Liu, MD         
The First Affiliated Hospital Of Soochow University Recruiting
Suzhou, China
Principal Investigator: Depei Wu, MD         
Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Recruiting
Tianjin, China
Principal Investigator: Shuhua Yi, MD         
Wuhan Union hospital Recruiting
Wuhan, China
Principal Investigator: Chunyan Sun, MD         
Henan Cancer Hospital Recruiting
Zhengzhou, China
Principal Investigator: Ru Feng, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ascentage Pharma Group Inc.
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Responsible Party: Ascentage Pharma Group Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04260217    
Other Study ID Numbers: APG2575WU101
First Posted: February 7, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases