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Study of Personalized Tumor Vaccines (PCVs) and a PD-L1 Blocker in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer That Can be Treated With Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04161755
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 28, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety or treating pancreatic cancer with surgery to remove cancerour tissue, followed by atezolizumab, followed by a personalized cancer vaccine (PCV), and then with chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Drug: Atezolizumab Biological: RO7198457 Drug: mFOLFIRINOX Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1 Clinical Trial of Personalized Neoantigen Tumor Vaccines and Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Blockade in Patients With Surgically Resected Pancreatic Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 11, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 11, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 11, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pancreatic Cancer
Radiologically resectable primary pancreatic tumors
Drug: Atezolizumab
Atezolizumab will be administered 6 weeks post-tumor resection (+/- 2 weeks)

Biological: RO7198457
RO7198457 will be administered 9 weeks post-tumor resection (+/- 2 weeks)

Drug: mFOLFIRINOX
mFOLFIRINOX regimen will be administered 21 weeks post-tumor resection (+/- 2 weeks)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Drug related toxicity [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The primary objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety of a personalized tumor vaccine combined with atezolizumab and mFOLFIRINOX



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be >/= 18 years of age at time of informed consent
  • Able to comply with the study protocol, in the investigator's judgment
  • Subjective with radiographically resectable primary pancreatic tumors with radiographic features consistent with adenocarcinoma will be evaluated for surgical resection
  • Tumors must be radiographically resectable, defined as:

    • A clear fat plane around the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries
    • patent superior mesenteric and portal veins without primary tumor involvement
    • No encasement of the superior mesenteric vein or portal veins
    • No encasement of the superior mesenteric or hepatic arteries
    • No metastatic disease
    • No extra-regional nodal disease
  • Subjects with histologically confirmed resected ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma with macroscopic complete resection (R0 and R1) will be selected for neoantigen vaccine creation. Subjects with neuroendocrine (and mixed type) tumors are excluded
  • Pancreatic cancer surgical staging: T 1-3, N0-2, M0

    ° Per AJCC 8th edition staging

  • Performance status of 0 or 1 on Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Scale of Performance Status (Section 20.0 APPENDICES, Appendix1)
  • Subjects must not have had prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy for PDAC
  • Subjects must be able to read, understand, and sign informed consent
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to study initiation
  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures that result in a failure rate of less than (<) 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab and for at least 90 days after the last dose of RO7198457. A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (>/= 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus)
  • For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a condom during the entire study period and up to 90 days after last administration of RO7198457. Male participants should not donate sperm for 90 days after the last dose of RO7198457
  • Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of <1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization and established proper use of hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices and copper intrauterine devices
  • Hormonal contraceptive methods must be supplemented by a barrier method plus spermicide
  • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

A subject will not be eligible for inclusion in this study if any of the following criteria apply:

  • Prior neoadjuvant treatment or radiation therapy for PDAC
  • Prior therapy with uPD-1 antibody or any other immune therapy
  • Borderline resectable, locally unresectable or metastatic PDAC
  • Pancreas tumor histology other than PDAC
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within 90 days after the last dose of study treatment
  • Life expectancy less than 12 weeks
  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  • Any other malignancy within 5 years of study enrollment, with the exception of adequately treated in-situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri, or non-melanomatous skin cancer
  • Patients with unresolved Clavien-Dindo >/= Grade 3 (Section 20.0 APPENDICES ,Appendix 2) postoperative complications
  • Actie, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection(s) requiring systemic therapy, defined as ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection without improvement despite appropriate antibiotics, antiviral therapy, and/or other treatment
  • Active tuberculosis
  • Known infection with hepatitis B or C, or history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or subjects receiving immunosuppressive or myelosuppressive medications that would, in the opinion of the investigator, increase the risk of serious neutropenic complications
  • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to the active substance or to any of the excipients of RO7198457, atezolizumab, oxaliplatin, leucovorin, irinotecan, or fluorouracil
  • Serious medical risk factors involving any of the major organ systems, or serious psychiatric disorders, which could compromise the subject's safety or the study data integrity. These include, but are not limited to:

    • History of connective tissue disorders (e.g., lupus, scleroderma, arteritis nodosa)
    • History of interstitial lung disease, slowly progressive dyspnea and unproductive cough, sarcoidosis, silicosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypersensitivity pneumonitis, or multiple allergies
    • History of the following within 6 months prior to RO7198457 administration: a myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina pectoris, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III-IV heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, clinically significant cardiac dysthythmia, or electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality (exceptions: atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia), cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack,, or seizure disorder
  • History or autoimmune disease, including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis with the following caveats:

    • Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible
    • Patient with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may be eligible
  • Patients type 2 diabetes mellitus may be eligible

    ° Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., no psoriatic arthritis) may be eligible provided that they meet the following conditions:

  • Rash must cover less than 10% of the body surface area (BSA)
  • Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requires low potency topical steroids
  • No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (e.g., not requiring psorlen and ultraviolet A (PUVA) radiation, methotrexate retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, high potency, or oral steroids)
  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication (including but not limited to prednisone >10mg/day, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and TNF-x antagonists) within 2 weeks prior to RO7198457 administration. Patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medication (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled in the study after discussion with and approval by the PI and Co-PI. The use of inhaled corticosteroids (e.g., fluticasone for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is allowed. The use of oral mineralocorticoids (e.g., flurocortisone for patients with orthostatic hypotension) is allowed. Physiologic doses of corticosteroids for adrenal insufficiency are allowed.
  • Subjects with allergies to IV contrast agents requiring pretreatment with corticosteroids will be excluded. Corticosteroids are immunosuppressive and may interfere with RO7198457 tolerability and efficacy. Given that there are serial contrast agent-dependent follow-up imaging studies built into the study which will overlap with vaccination, subjects who require pretreatment with corticosteroids prior to IV contrast administration will be excluded
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchioloitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan. History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted
  • Known primary immunodeficiencies, either cellular (e.g., DiGeorge syndrome, T-negative severe combined immunodeficiency [SCID]) or combined T- and B-cell immunodeficiencies (e.g., T- and B-negative SCID, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, ataxia telangiectasia, common variable immunodeficiency)
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ transplantation
  • Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that would contraindicate the use of an investigational drug
  • Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis, cirrhosis, and inherited liver disease or current alcohol abuse
  • Previous splenectomy
  • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before RO7198457 administration or anticipation that such a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study. Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only. Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMist) within 4 weeks prior to RO7198457 administration or at any time during the study, and for 90 days following the last study treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04161755


Contacts
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Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD 212-639-5785 BalachaV@mskcc.org
Contact: Eileen O'Reilly, MD 646-888-4182 oreillye@mskcc.org

Locations
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United States, New Jersey
Memoral Sloan Kettering Basking Ridge (All Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Basking Ridge, New Jersey, United States, 07920
Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD    212-639-5785      
Memoral Sloan Kettering Monmouth (All Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Middletown, New Jersey, United States, 07748
Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD    212-639-5785      
Memorial Sloan Kettering Bergen (All Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Montvale, New Jersey, United States, 07645
Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD    212-639-5785      
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center @ Commack (All Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Commack, New York, United States, 11725
Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD    212-639-5785      
Memoral Sloan Kettering Westchester (All Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Harrison, New York, United States, 10604
Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD    212-639-5785      
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD    212-639-5785      
Memorial Sloan Kettering Nassau (All Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Rockville Centre, New York, United States, 11570
Contact: Vinod Balachandran, MD    212-639-5785      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Vinod Balachandran, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04161755    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-039
First Posted: November 13, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 28, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center supports the international committee of medical journal editors (ICMJE) and the ethical obligation of responsible sharing of data from clinical trials. The protocol summary, a statistical summary, and informed consent form will be made available on clinicaltrials.gov when required as a condition of Federal awards, other agreements supporting the research and/or as otherwise required. Requests for deidentified individual participant data can be made beginning 12 months after publication and for up to 36 months post publication. Deidentified individual participant data reported in the manuscript will be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement and may only be used for approved proposals. Requests may be made to: crdatashare@mskcc.org.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
personalized tumor vaccines
PCVs
PD-L1 Blocker
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
19-039
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Atezolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents