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RHD Genotype Matching for Anti-D

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04156906
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
New York Blood Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Brief Summary:
This is a pilot study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of providing RH genotype matched D+ Red Blood Cells (RBCs) to chronically transfused patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) who type D+ but have formed anti-D and are currently transfused with D- RBC (Red Blood Cell) units.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sickle Cell Disease Anti-D Antibodies Biological: D+ RH genotype matched red cell units for transfusion Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Red blood cell transfusion remains a critical therapy for patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). A major problem is the high rate of alloimmunization (antibody formation against transfused red cells) that occurs in patients with SCD. Recent studies performed by Investigators and others demonstrate RH genetic variants in patients and donors is a major risk factor leading to Rh alloimmunization. Anti-D formation in D+ patients occurs frequently, and once identified, providing D- cells for all subsequent transfusions can be challenging. These anti-D antibodies in D+ patients suggest exposure to different or variant D protein on donor cells. Investigators will test whether transfusion of patients with anti-D with RHD genotyped matched red cells is feasible, safe and can decrease D- donor unit demand.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: RH Genotype Matched Red Cells for Patients With Sickle Cell Disease and Anti-D
Estimated Study Start Date : June 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: D+ RH genotype matched Red Blood Cell Transfusion
Investigators will provide one red cell unit of D+ RH genotype matched RBCs at the first transfusion study visit. The remainder of units will be provided per clinical standard of care, i.e. D-, CEK-matched, and negative for all other antigens the patient is alloimmunized against. If laboratory monitoring shows no reappearance of anti-D and no signs of increased red cell hemolysis, the patient will receive one unit of D+ RH genotype matched RBCs at the 2nd transfusion study visit, and if tolerated, D+ red cell exposures will increase by one unit per study visit until all units required are D+.
Biological: D+ RH genotype matched red cell units for transfusion
Chronically transfused patients with SCD and anti-D will receive D+ RH genotyped matched red cell units for transfusion in addition to standard C, E, and K antigen matching and being hemoglobin S negative, which is the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia institutional standard of care for patients with SCD. RH genotyping of donor units will be performed by the New York Blood Center (NYBC) Immunogenetics laboratory.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility and safety of providing RH genotype matched D+ RBCs to patients with SCD who type D+ but have formed anti-D [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine feasibility of identifying sufficient RH genotype matched units (identifying sufficient RH genotype match red cells without delays in transfusion), and safety (no anti-D reappearance or evidence of hemolysis of transfused red cells).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects age > 8 years old
  • Diagnosis of SCD, all genotypes
  • Require chronic red cell transfusion therapy
  • History of anti-D
  • RH genotype predicts D+ expression

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Rare RH genotype that would preclude sufficient RBC units
  • Antigen negative requirements due to alloimmunization that would preclude sufficient RBC units

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04156906


Contacts
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Contact: Stacey Uter, BS 2155907722 uters@email.chop.edu
Contact: Stella Chou, MD 215-590-0947 chous@email.chop.edu

Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Stacey Uter, BS    215-590-7722    uters@email.chop.edu   
Contact: Stella Chou, MD    215-590-0947    chous@email.chop.edu   
Principal Investigator: Stella Chou, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
New York Blood Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Stella Chou, MD Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Publications:

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Responsible Party: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04156906    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-016566
First Posted: November 8, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:
Chronic Transfusion
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia, Sickle Cell
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn