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Study of KRYSTEXXA® (Pegloticase) Plus Methotrexate in Participants With Uncontrolled Gout (MIRROR RCT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03994731
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2019
Results First Posted : May 16, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 16, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Horizon Pharma Ireland, Ltd., Dublin Ireland ( Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the potential for pegloticase with methotrexate (MTX) to increase the response rate seen with pegloticase alone, and to characterize the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics (PK) of the concomitant use of pegloticase with MTX, by comparing pegloticase co-administered with MTX to pegloticase co-administered with placebo for MTX in adults with uncontrolled gout.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gout Biological: Pegloticase Drug: methotrexate Drug: placebo Dietary Supplement: folic acid Drug: gout flare prophylaxis regimen Drug: fexofenadine Drug: acetaminophen Drug: methylprednisolone Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 152 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter, Efficacy and Safety Study of Methotrexate to Increase Response Rates in Patients With Uncontrolled GOut Receiving KRYSTEXXA® (Pegloticase) (MIRROR Randomized Controlled Trial [RCT])
Actual Study Start Date : June 13, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 17, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : April 11, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Gout
MedlinePlus related topics: Gout

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pegloticase + MTX

Following the MTX Tolerability Assessment Period (Week -6 until the Week -4 visit, in which participants take oral MTX 15 mg weekly), participants tolerating MTX are randomized to receive blinded oral MTX 15 mg weekly during the Run-in Period (from Week -4 to Day 1).

During the Pegloticase + Immunomodulator (IMM) Period, in addition to oral 15 mg MTX, participants receive intravenous (IV) pegloticase 8 mg administered every 2 weeks (Q2W) for a total of 26 infusions from Day 1 through the Week 50 Visit.

Per protocol, participants are also required to take folic acid, at least one protocol standard gout flare prophylaxis regimen (i.e. colchicine and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or low-dose prednisone ≤10 mg/day), and a regimen of fexofenadine, acetaminophen, and methylprednisolone for infusion reaction (IR) prophylaxis.

Biological: Pegloticase
IV pegloticase 8 mg Q2W
Other Name: KRYSTEXXA®

Drug: methotrexate
Oral MTX 15 mg weekly
Other Name: MTX

Dietary Supplement: folic acid
Folic acid 1 mg orally every day beginning at Week -6 until prior to the Week 52 Visit.

Drug: gout flare prophylaxis regimen
Prior to beginning the Pegloticase + IMM Period, participants must have been taking at least 1 protocol-standard gout flare prophylaxis regimen (i.e. colchicine and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or low-dose prednisone ≤ 10 mg/day) for ≥ 1 week before the first dose of pegloticase and to continue flare prophylaxis per American College of Rheumatology guidelines [Khanna D et al. 2012] for the greater of 1) 6 months, 2) 3 months after achieving target serum urate (sUA < 6 mg/dL) for participants with no tophi detected on physical exam, or 3) 6 months after achieving target serum urate (sUA < 5 mg/dL) for participants with one or more tophi detected on initial physical exam that then resolved.

Drug: fexofenadine
For IR prophylaxis, fexofenadine (180 mg orally) taken the day before each infusion and on the morning of each infusion.

Drug: acetaminophen
For IR prophylaxis, acetaminophen (1000 mg orally) taken the morning of each infusion.

Drug: methylprednisolone
For IR prophylaxis, methylprednisolone (125 mg IV) given over an infusion duration between 10 - 30 minutes, immediately prior to each infusion.

Placebo Comparator: Pegloticase + Placebo

Following the MTX Tolerability Assessment Period (Week -6 until the Week -4 visit, in which participants take oral MTX 15 mg weekly), participants tolerating MTX are randomized to receive blinded oral placebo for MTX weekly during the Run-in Period (from Week -4 to Day 1).

During the Pegloticase + IMM Period, in addition to oral placebo for MTX, all participants receive IV pegloticase 8 mg administered Q2W for a total of 26 infusions from Day 1 through the Week 50 Visit.

Per protocol, participants are also required to take folic acid, at least one protocol standard gout flare prophylaxis regimen (i.e. colchicine and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or low-dose prednisone ≤10 mg/day), and a regimen of fexofenadine, acetaminophen, and methylprednisolone for IR prophylaxis.

Biological: Pegloticase
IV pegloticase 8 mg Q2W
Other Name: KRYSTEXXA®

Drug: methotrexate
Oral MTX 15 mg weekly
Other Name: MTX

Drug: placebo
Oral placebo for MTX

Dietary Supplement: folic acid
Folic acid 1 mg orally every day beginning at Week -6 until prior to the Week 52 Visit.

Drug: gout flare prophylaxis regimen
Prior to beginning the Pegloticase + IMM Period, participants must have been taking at least 1 protocol-standard gout flare prophylaxis regimen (i.e. colchicine and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or low-dose prednisone ≤ 10 mg/day) for ≥ 1 week before the first dose of pegloticase and to continue flare prophylaxis per American College of Rheumatology guidelines [Khanna D et al. 2012] for the greater of 1) 6 months, 2) 3 months after achieving target serum urate (sUA < 6 mg/dL) for participants with no tophi detected on physical exam, or 3) 6 months after achieving target serum urate (sUA < 5 mg/dL) for participants with one or more tophi detected on initial physical exam that then resolved.

Drug: fexofenadine
For IR prophylaxis, fexofenadine (180 mg orally) taken the day before each infusion and on the morning of each infusion.

Drug: acetaminophen
For IR prophylaxis, acetaminophen (1000 mg orally) taken the morning of each infusion.

Drug: methylprednisolone
For IR prophylaxis, methylprednisolone (125 mg IV) given over an infusion duration between 10 - 30 minutes, immediately prior to each infusion.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Serum Uric Acid (sUA) Responders (sUA < 6 mg/dL) During Month 6 [ Time Frame: Month 6 (Weeks 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24) ]
    Responders are defined as participants achieving and maintaining sUA < 6 mg/dL for at least 80% of the time during Month 6. Month 6 includes pre- and post-infusion sUA assessments at Weeks 20 and 22, non-infusion sUA at Weeks 21 and 23, pre-infusion sUA at Week 24 and any unscheduled sUA between Week 20 and Week 24. A participant must have had ≥ 2 sUA observations from different visits in order to be eligible as a responder. Participants with < 2 sUA observations and those meeting the stopping rule (pre-infusion sUA > 6 mg/dL at 2 consecutive scheduled trial visits beginning with the Week 2 Visit stopped) were counted as non-responders.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of sUA (sUA < 6 mg/dL) Responders During Month 12 [ Time Frame: Month 12 (Weeks 48, 50 and 52) ]
    Responders are defined as participants achieving and maintaining sUA <6 mg/dL for at least 80% of the time during Month 12 (Weeks 48, 50 and 52). Month 12 includes pre- and post-infusion sUA Weeks 48 and 50, sUA at Week 52, and any unscheduled sUA assessments done at unscheduled visits between Week 48 and 52. A participant must have had ≥ 2 sUA observations from different visits in order to be eligible as a responder. Participants with < 2 observations and those meeting the stopping rule (pre-infusion sUA >6 mg/dL at 2 consecutive scheduled trial visits beginning with the Week 2 Visit stopped pegloticase dosing) were counted as non-responders.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Complete Resolution of ≥ 1 Tophi at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    Percentage of participants with complete resolution of ≥ 1 tophi (using digital photography) at Week 52 in participants with tophi at baseline. Participants with resolution of ≥ 1 tophi at a visit are participants with resolution of ≥ 1 tophi at the visit (i.e. have complete response), and no progressive disease for any other tophi.

  3. Mean Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) Score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    HAQ-DI is a self-report functional status instrument that is filled out by the participant and measures disability over the past week via 20 questions relating to 8 domains of function: dressing, grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip, and usual activities. The HAQ-DI ranges from 0 to 3 with higher values indicating higher disability. A change from baseline value of 0 is imputed at the first post-baseline visit for any participants without post-baseline values.

  4. Mean Change From Baseline HAQ Pain Score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    The HAQ-Pain score rates the participant's pain over the past week from 0 to 100 with 0 = no pain and 100 = severe pain. A change from baseline value of 0 is imputed at the first post-baseline visit for any participants without postbaseline values.

  5. Mean Change From Baseline in HAQ Health Score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    The HAQ health scale is a self-reported measure of overall health. Participants are asked to rate how they are doing, considering all the ways arthritis affects them, on a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 represents very well and 100 represents very poor. A change from baseline value of 0 is imputed at the first post-baseline visit for any participants without postbaseline values.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Willing and able to give informed consent.
  2. Willing and able to comply with the prescribed treatment protocol and evaluations for the duration of the study.
  3. Adult men or women ≥18 years of age.
  4. Uncontrolled gout, defined as meeting the following criteria:

    • Hyperuricemia during the screening period defined as sUA ≥7 mg/dL, and;
    • Failure to maintain normalization of sUA with xanthine oxidase inhibitors at the maximum medically appropriate dose, or with a contraindication to xanthine oxidase inhibitor therapy based on medical record review or subject interview, and;
    • Symptoms of gout including at least 1 of the following:

      • Presence of at least one tophus
      • Recurrent flares defined as 2 or more flares in the past 12 months prior to screening
      • Presence of chronic gouty arthritis
  5. Willing to discontinue any oral urate lowering therapy for at least 7 days prior to MTX dosing at Week -6 and remain off when receiving pegloticase infusions.
  6. Women of childbearing potential (including those with an onset of menopause <2 years prior to screening, non-therapy-induced amenorrhea for <12 months prior to screening, or not surgically sterile [absence of ovaries and/or uterus]) must have negative serum/urine pregnancy tests during Screening and Week -6; subjects must agree to use 2 reliable forms of contraception during the study, one of which is recommended to be hormonal, such as an oral contraceptive. Hormonal contraception must be started ≥1 full cycle prior to Week -6 (start of MTX) and continue for 30 days after the last dose of pegloticase, or at least one ovulatory cycle after the last dose of MTX or placebo for MTX (whichever is the longest duration after the last dose of pegloticase or MTX or placebo for MTX). Highly effective contraceptive methods (with a failure rate <1% per year), when used consistently and correctly, include implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine devices, sexual abstinence, or vasectomized partner.
  7. Men who are not vasectomized must agree to use appropriate contraception so as to not impregnate a female partner of reproductive potential during the study, beginning with the initiation of MTX at Week -6 and continuing and for at least 3 months after the last dose of MTX or placebo for MTX.
  8. Able to tolerate MTX 15 mg orally for 2 weeks (Week -6 through Week -4) prior to randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Weight >160 kg (352 pounds) at Screening.
  2. Any serious acute bacterial infection, unless treated and completely resolved with antibiotics at least 2 weeks prior to the Week -6 Visit.
  3. Severe chronic or recurrent bacterial infections, such as recurrent pneumonia or chronic bronchiectasis.
  4. Current or chronic treatment with systemic immunosuppressive agents such as MTX, azathioprine, or mycophenolate mofetil; prednisone ≥10 mg/day or equivalent dose of other corticosteroid on a chronic basis (3 months or longer) would also meet exclusion criteria.
  5. History of any transplant surgery requiring maintenance immunosuppressive therapy.
  6. Known history of hepatitis B virus surface antigen positivity or hepatitis B DNA positivity.
  7. Known history of hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (RNA) positivity.
  8. Known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positivity.
  9. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (tested at the Screening Visit).
  10. Chronic renal impairment defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or currently on dialysis.
  11. Non-compensated congestive heart failure or hospitalization for congestive heart failure within 3 months of the Screening Visit, uncontrolled arrhythmia, treatment for acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction or unstable angina), or uncontrolled blood pressure (>160/100 mmHg) prior to Randomization at Week -4.
  12. Pregnant, planning to become pregnant, breastfeeding, planning to impregnate female partner, or not on an effective form of birth control, as determined by the Investigator.
  13. Prior treatment with pegloticase, another recombinant uricase (rasburicase), or concomitant therapy with a polyethylene glycol-conjugated drug.
  14. Known allergy to pegylated products or history of anaphylactic reaction to a recombinant protein or porcine product.
  15. Contraindication to MTX treatment or MTX treatment considered inappropriate.
  16. Known intolerance to MTX.
  17. Receipt of an investigational drug within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to MTX administration at Week -6 or plans to take an investigational drug during the study.
  18. Liver transaminase levels (aspartate aminotransferase [AST] or alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) > upper limit of normal (ULN) or albumin < the lower limit of normal (LLN) at the Screening Visit).
  19. Chronic liver disease.
  20. White blood cell count < 4,000/µL, hematocrit < 32 percent, or platelet count < 75,000/µL.
  21. Currently receiving systemic or radiologic treatment for ongoing cancer.
  22. History of malignancy within 5 years other than non-melanoma skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of cervix.
  23. Diagnosis of osteomyelitis.
  24. Known history of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase deficiency, such as Lesch-Nyhan and Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome.
  25. Unsuitable candidate for the study, based on the opinion of the Investigator (e.g., cognitive impairment), such that participation might create undue risk to the subject or interfere with the subject's ability to comply with the protocol requirements or complete the study.
  26. Alcohol use in excess of 3 alcoholic beverages per week.
  27. A known intolerance to all protocol standard gout flare prophylaxis regimens (i.e. subject must be able to tolerate at least one: colchicine and/or non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and/or low dose prednisone ≤10 mg/day).
  28. Current pulmonary fibrosis, bronchiectasis or interstitial pneumonitis. If deemed necessary by the Investigator, a chest X-ray may be performed during Screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03994731


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC
Investigators
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Study Director: Colleen Canavan, BS Horizon Therapeutics USA, Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Horizon Pharma Ireland, Ltd., Dublin Ireland ( Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] August 24, 2021
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] September 23, 2021

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Responsible Party: Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03994731    
Other Study ID Numbers: HZNP-KRY-202
First Posted: June 21, 2019    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 16, 2022
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2022
Last Verified: May 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Horizon Pharma Ireland, Ltd., Dublin Ireland ( Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC ):
gout
uncontrolled gout
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gout
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Crystal Arthropathies
Rheumatic Diseases
Purine-Pyrimidine Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolic Diseases
Acetaminophen
Folic Acid
Fexofenadine
Methylprednisolone
Methotrexate
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors