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Minor Stroke Therapy Evaluation (MOSTE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03796468
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Montpellier

Brief Summary:

Stroke represents the fourth leading cause of death in industrialized nations, after heart disease, cancer, and chronic lower respiratory disease. Approximately one-quarter of the patients suffering a stroke die within one year after the initial event and stroke is a leading cause of serious long-term disability. Although mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has become the standard of care for acute ischemic stroke with proximal large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation, the management of patients harboring proximal occlusion but presenting minor-to-mild stroke symptoms, has not yet been determined by these recent randomized clinical trials. However, patients with proximal occlusions may present with a low NIHSS, a proximal intraarterial occlusion being present in up to 28% when considering patients with an NIHSS ≤ 4.

The evidence of benefit from endovascular therapy (EVT) in large vessel occlusion stroke is demonstrated, STAIR IX (Stroke Treatment Academic Industry Roundtable) consensus recommendations were developed that outline priorities for future research in EVT.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stroke Other: Best Medical Therapy Procedure: Mechanical Thrombectomy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Proximal intracranial arterial occlusions cause the most disabling types of ischemic strokes and are predictive of poor neurological outcomes. The "Time is Brain" assessment has been confirmed in many recent trials (MR CLEAN, SWIFT PRIME, REVASCAT, HERMES) within the first 6 hours. Recently the time window has been enlarged to 24h00 after the DAWN trial results, enforcing nevertheless the strong relation between patient disability and time loss in this extended time window.

In population-based studies, patients presenting with minor or mild stroke symptoms represent about two-thirds of stroke patients, and almost one-third of these patients are unable to ambulate independently at the time of discharge.

Although mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has become the standard of care for acute ischemic stroke with proximal large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation, the management of patients harboring proximal occlusion but presenting minor-to-mild stroke symptoms, has not yet been determined by these recent randomized clinical trials. Indeed, the majority of patients presented with major clinical impairment, with a median NIHSS of 17. Thus, American Heart Association (AHA) gives level 1a evidence for MT performed only for patients with baseline NIHSS score ≥6.

However, patients with proximal occlusions may present with a low NIHSS, a proximal intra-arterial occlusion being present in up to 28% when considering patients with an NIHSS ≤ 4. In observational study, patient with minor or mild stroke symptoms and LVO have a high risk of both clinical worsening and bad outcome.

The STAIR meeting aims to advance acute stroke therapy development through collaboration between academia, industry, and regulatory institutions. In pursuit of this goal and building on the available level I evidence of benefit from endovascular therapy (EVT) in large vessel occlusion stroke, STAIR IX consensus recommendations were developed that outline priorities for future research in EVT.

Recent AHA/ASA guidelines have also highlighted the need to gain more evidence to determine whether there is an overall net benefit from endovascular therapy (EVT) in patients with LVO and minor stroke.

The MOSTE protocol is an International, multi-center, prospectively randomized to two parallel (1:1) arms, open to treatment with blinded endpoint trial, designed to demonstrate that mechanical thrombectomy with best medical treatment is superior to medical treatment alone, in improving clinical outcomes at 90 days, in patient presenting an acute large vessel occlusion stroke with a minor deficit, defined as NIHSS below 6 and < 24 hours from onset. If this study is positive, more patients in the future could receive urgent endovascular treatment in addition to the best medical treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 824 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Evaluation of Acute Mechanical Revascularization in Large Vessel Occlusion Stroke With Minor Symptoms (NIHSS<6) in Patients Last Seen Well < 24 Hours
Actual Study Start Date : April 10, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Best Medical Therapy (BMT)
Best treatment medical probably associated to the rescue endovascular treatment in case of neurological deterioration
Other: Best Medical Therapy
The administration of medications is at the treating physician's discretion (for example intravenous fibrinolysis, anticoagulants or antiplatelet) according to local standards of care but may NOT include any intra-arterial therapies. The rescue MT may be performed in case of deterioration within the 24 hours

Mechanical Thrombectomy (MT)
Endovascular treatment (thrombectomy) associated with the best treatment medical
Procedure: Mechanical Thrombectomy
MT in the Experimental Arm can be performed with any thrombectomy (CE labeled) device usually used at study site. For the subjects randomized to the MT plus medical, the MT is performed immediately after the randomization




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of all-cause mortality at 90 days [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Evaluation of mortality at 90 days


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Incidence of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage according to HEIDELBERG at imaging at 24 (-6/+12) hours post randomization

  2. Deterioration of patient's condition [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    National Intitutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≥ 10 points during hospitalization. this scale is constitued by 15 items and the minimum score is 1 and the maximum score is 20.

  3. Incidence of procedure/device-related adverse events [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Incidence of procedure/device-related adverse events (in patients treated by mechanical treatment, in the MT group or in the BMT group, in case of rescue therapy)

  4. Evaluation of functional outcome [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Rate of patients with a favorable or perfect outcome at 90-days defined by mRS 0-2 or mRS 0

  5. Quality of life of the patient [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Quality of life at 90 days assessed by EuroQol 5D-5L (5-level EQ-5-Dimension) scale

  6. Evaluation of cognitive function [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Cognitive function at 90-days according to Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)

  7. Evaluation of cognitive function [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Cognitive function at 90-days according to Trail Making Test A and B

  8. Medico-economic study [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Cost-effectiveness analysis (number of patients functionally independent at 3 months : mRS =< 2), cost of devices and drugs, staff hourly cost, operating room cost

  9. Evaluation of functional outcome [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Rate of patients at 90-days with excellent outcome defined as Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0-1



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is ≥ 18 years old at inclusion (no upper age limit)
  • Clinical signs consistent with acute ischemic stroke with time last known well (TLKW) ≤ 23h at randomization (With the goal of remaining within 24 hours from TLKW til treatment)
  • Patients NIHSS 0-5 at the time of randomization
  • ASPECT ≥ 6 on non-contrast CT or Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI)-MRI
  • Ischemic Stroke confirmed with cerebral imaging or normal imaging with suspected ischemic stroke
  • Proved anterior circulation intracranial large vessel occlusion on CTA or Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) (ICA, M1, M1-M2, with or without cervical lesion (Tandem))
  • Patient or patient's representative has received information about the study and has signed and dated the appropriate Informed Consent Form, or fulfilling the criteria for emergent consent.
  • Anticipated possibility to start the procedure (arterial access) within 60 minutes after randomization
  • Pre stroke mRS ≤ 1
  • For Drip and Ship patients : new imaging performed again on inclusion center if first imaging performed > 1 hour before randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

General Exclusion Criteria

  • Anticipated impossibility to start the procedure (arterial access) within 60 minutes after randomization
  • Known absence of vascular access
  • Known contrast or endovascular product life-threatening allergy
  • Female who is known to be pregnant or lactating at time of admission
  • Patient presents severe or fatal co-morbidities or Life expectancy under 6 months that will likely prevent improvement or follow-up or that will render the procedure unlikely to benefit the patient.
  • Patient unable to present or be available for follow-up
  • Pre-existing neurological or psychiatric disease that would confound the neurological or functional evaluations
  • Evidence of vessel recanalization prior to randomization
  • Seizures at stroke onset if it makes the diagnosis of stroke doubtful and precludes obtaining an accurate baseline NIHSS assessment.
  • Current participation in another investigational drug study
  • Suspicion of aortic dissection based on medical history, clinical evaluation or/and imaging
  • Major patients under guardianship

Imaging Exclusion Criteria

  • Evidence of intracranial hemorrhage on CT/MRI
  • Excessive tortuosity of cervical vessels on CTA/MRA that would likely result in unstable access platform
  • High Suspicion of underlying intracranial stenosis on CTA/MRA
  • Suspected cerebral vascular disease (e.g. vasculitis) based on medical history and CTA/MRA
  • Presumed calcified Embolus or Intracranial Stenosis decompensation
  • Intracranial stent implanted in the same vascular territory that would preclude the safe deployment/removal of the stentriever device
  • Occlusions in multiple vascular territories (e.g.: bilateral anterior circulation, or anterior circulation/vertebrobasilar system) on CTA/MRA
  • Significant mass effect with midline shift as confirmed on CT/MRI

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03796468


Contacts
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Contact: Caroline ARQUIZAN, PH 4 67 33 75 32 ext +33 c-arquizan@chu-montpellier.fr
Contact: Bertrand LAPERGUE, PH 1 46255973 ext +33 bertrand.lapergue@gmail.com

Locations
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France
Hopital Gui De Chauliac Recruiting
Montpellier, France, 34295
Contact: Caroline ARQUIZAN, MD    4 67 33 75 32 ext +33    c-arquizan@chu-montpellier.fr   
Contact: Vincent COSTALAT, PU-PH    4 67 33 75 32    v-costalat@chu-montpellier.fr   
Principal Investigator: Bertrand LAPERGUE, MD         
Principal Investigator: Tudor JOVIN, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Montpellier
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Vincent COSTALAT, PU-PH Hôpital Gui de Chauliac
Principal Investigator: Caroline ARQUIZAN, PH Hôpital Gui de Chauliac
Principal Investigator: Bertrand LAPERGUE, PH Hôpital Foch
Principal Investigator: Tudor JOVIN, PU-PH Cooper Neurological Institute
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Montpellier
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03796468    
Other Study ID Numbers: RECHMPL18_0172
First Posted: January 8, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 27, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University Hospital, Montpellier:
Mechanical thrombectomy
stroke
Proximal intracranial arterial occlusions
Large vessel occlusion
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stroke
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases