Study of CAR T-Cells Targeting the GD2 With IL-15+iCaspase9 for Relapsed/Refractory Neuroblastoma or Relapsed/Refractory Osteosarcoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03721068|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2021
The body has different ways of fighting infections and disease. No single way seems perfect for fighting cancer. This research study combines two different ways of fighting disease: antibodies and T cells. Antibodies are molecules that fight infections and protect your body from diseases caused by bacteria and toxic substances. Antibodies work by sticking to those bacteria or substances, which stops them from growing and causing bad effects. T cells are special infection-fighting blood cells that can kill other cells, including tumor cells or cells that are infected. Both antibodies and T cells have been used to treat patients with cancers. They both have shown promise, but neither alone has been enough to cure most patients. This study is designed to combine both T cells and antibodies in order to create a more effective treatment. The treatment that is being researched is called autologous T lymphocyte chimeric antigen receptor cells (CAR) cells targeted against the disialoganglioside (GD2) antigen that express Interleukin (IL)-15, and the inducible caspase 9 safety switch (iC9), also known as iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells.
In previous studies, it has been shown that when T cells have part of an antibody attached to them they are better at recognizing and killing cancer cells. The antibody that will be used in this study is called anti-GD2. This antibody floats around in the blood and can detect and stick to cancer cells called neuroblastoma cells because they have a substance on the outside of the cells called GD2. For this study, the anti-GD2 antibody has been changed so instead of floating freely in the blood, it is now joined to the T cells. However, it is unknown how long the iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells last in the body, so their chances of fighting cancer cells are not well known.
To improve the tumor fighting power of GD2-CAR-T cells, our researchers have added two additional components to these cells. The IL-15 gene was added so that the GD2-CAR-T cells can attack tumor cells more effectively. Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a chemical that cells use to communicate with one another. Other research using IL-15 in combination with CAR-T cells has shown there is an increase in the body's ability to allow the CAR-T cells to survive and grow in the body. The iC9 gene was added as an "off switch" so it can stop the activity of the GD2-CAR-T cells if you experience any serious bad side effects. Bad side effects seen previously in patients receiving the GD2 antibody alone include pain. In this study, the "stop switch" can be used to turn off the GD2-CAR-T cells if you experience intense pain that does not respond to normal pain treatments.
The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether receiving iC9.GD2.IL-15 T cells is safe and tolerable in patients with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Neuroblastoma Osteosarcoma||Biological: iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T-cells Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Fludarabine||Phase 1|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||18 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase I Study of Autologous Activated T-Cells Expressing a 2nd Generation GD2 Chimeric Antigen Receptor, IL-15, and iCaspase9 Safety Switch Administered To Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Neuroblastoma or Relapsed/Refractory Osteosarcoma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 19, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 19, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 19, 2038|
Experimental: iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T-cells
The continuous reassessment method (CRM) will be used to estimate the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of cells that to be given in dose escalation cohorts comprised of 2-6 subjects. The final MTD will be the dose with estimated probability of dose limiting toxicity (DLT) closest to the target toxicity rate of 20%. Three cell doses will be evaluated: 0.5 x 10^6 cells/kg, 1.0 x 10^6 cells/kg, 1.5 x 10^6 cells/kg. Cohort enrollment will be staggered and each subject must complete at least 2 weeks of the cell treatment without incident of DLT before another subject can be enrolled at that dose level. A minimum of two subjects must complete the 4-week post-infusion DLT period before enrollment at the next higher dose level will be considered. If dose level 1 is determined to be above a tolerable dose, de-escalation would occur to dose level -1 where subjects would receive 0.25 x 10^6 cells/kg.
Biological: iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T-cells
Three dose levels are being evaluated: 0.5 x 10^6, 1.0 x 10^6, 1.5 x 10^6
500 mg/m^2 IV dose on days 1-2 for lymphodepletion prior to cell infusion
30 mg/m^2 IV dose on days 1-4 for lymphodepletion prior to cell infusion
- Number of participants with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability of iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells administered to pediatric subjects with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma or relapsed/refractory osteosarcoma [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Toxicity will be classified and graded according to the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (AEs) (CTCAE, version 5.0), a descriptive terminology which can be utilized for AE reporting. A grading (severity) scale is provided for each AE term/symptom: Grade 1 (Mild; asymptomatic); Grade 2 (Moderate; minimal, local or noninvasive intervention indicated); Grade 3 (Severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening; hospitalization indicated; disabling); Grade 4 (Life-threatening consequences; urgent intervention indicated); Grade 5 (Death related to AE). Immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) symptoms will be graded according to the criteria outlined in the protocol on a scale from 1 (mild) to 4 (critical). Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) will be graded according to criteria outlined in the protocol on a scale from 1 (mild) to grade 5 (death).
- Identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells administered to pediatric subjects with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma or relapsed/refractory osteosarcoma [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Tolerability of iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells will be assessed by NCI-CTCAE criteria and the CRS grading criteria outlined in Section 12.4 and neurotoxicity/ICANS will be graded according to criteria outlined in Section 12.5
- Expansion and persistence of iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 cells in vivo [ Time Frame: 15 years ]Persistence of iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells in vivo will be determined by quantitative Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and flow cytometry in peripheral blood samples
- Anti-tumor response rate to iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 t cell administration in pediatric subjects with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma per Revised International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INCR) or relapsed/refractory osteosarcoma by RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]The overall response rate (ORR = complete (CR) + partial (PR) + minor (MR) responses) to iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cell infusion will be determined using the revised International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) for subjects with neuroblastoma. The overall response rate (ORR = complete (CR) + partial (PR) responses) for subjects with osteosarcoma will be measured using Response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) version 1.1
- Overall survival (OS) in pediatric subjects with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma or relapsed/refractory osteosarcoma treated with iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells [ Time Frame: 15 years ]OS will be measured from the date of administration of iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells to the date of death
- Progression free survival (PFS) in pediatric subjects with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma or relapsed/refractory osteosarcoma treated with iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells [ Time Frame: 15 years ]PFS is defined from the date of administration of iC9.GD2.CAR.IL-15 T cells to the date of signs and symptoms of treatment failure or relapse from CR or PR, or death from any cause.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03721068
|Contact: Catherine Chengfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Caroline Babinecemail@example.com|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill||Recruiting|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295|
|Contact: Clinical Trials Office - Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Cente 919-966-4432|
|Principal Investigator:||George Hucks, MD||UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center|