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Low-dose Atropine Eye Drops to Reduce Progression of Myopia in Children in the United Kingdom (CHAMP-UK)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03690089
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 15, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Belfast Health and Social Care Trust

Brief Summary:
Short-sightedness, also called myopia, makes objects in the distance, such as the television, look blurred. This is caused by the eye growing too long, something that usually happens while children are also getting taller. People with myopia can see better with glasses or contact lenses, but this doesn't stop their eyes continuing to become more short-sighted. The CHAMP UK study is investigating a type of eye drop called atropine that might help to stop myopia getting worse as children get older.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myopia Drug: Atropine Sulfate Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The study hypothesis is that low dose atropine eye drops will reduce the progression of short-sightedness in children compared with placebo eye drops. This is a randomised controlled trial which will be conducted across four Clinical Research Facilities associated with higher education institutions in the UK. It is a double masked trial, that is, neither the participant or the research team will know what treatment the participants are receiving. 289 children aged 6-12 years with short-sightedness will be recruited to the trial. They will be randomly chosen to receive either atropine eye drops or placebo eye drops on a 2:1 basis. Therefore, 193 participants will receive atropine eye drops, 96 participants will receive placebo eye drops.

Potential participants will be referred either by their high street optician or their parents will refer them directly. The study will be advertised on local radio. Potential participants will be invited to attend a baseline screening visit. Written informed consent and written informed assent will be obtained from the parent and child prior to undertaking any assessments. Potential participants will undergo a number of assessments similar to what is conducted by the high street optician or eye clinic to determine if they are eligible to participate. These include: assessment of near and distance vision, reading speed and different measurements of the eye using instruments. An eye drop will be put into each eye for some of these assessments. These drops cause a short-term increase in pupil size, which may last for 12-24 hours, and make close up vision (through their glasses) blurry for up to four hours, and may make them more sensitive to bright light. Participants will also be asked about their quality of life and their daily activities such as screen time, playing outside and reading.

Participants will be instructed in the use of the eye drops. They will put one drop in each eye daily for 24 months. The atropine eye drops contain 0.01% atropine sulphate. Placebo eye drops have been chosen as the comparator group as there is no alternative treatment for this condition. Participants will be given a six month supply of eye drops at each visit (except the last visit at 24 months). This will include seven bottles as each bottle can only be used for 28 days after opening.

Participants will have a further four visits to the research facility for the assessments to be repeated. This will be every six months, therefore five visits in total (baseline, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months and 24 months). It is anticipated that each visit will last approximately 1-2 hours. Children will be offered the opportunity to rest between assessments. At these follow up visits, in addition to the assessments, they will be asked about their tolerability of the eye drops. Also, five years after randomisation, the investigators will post a questionnaire to participants and ask details of any possible complications and adverse events. The investigators will also request information from their optometrist regarding their eye health, distance vision and refractive error data.

The primary outcome is the change in the severity of short-sightedness after 24 months. This will be measured using a machine called an autorefractor.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 289 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Multicentre, randomised, double-masked, placebo-controlled superiority trial
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double-masked
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Low-dose Atropine Eye Drops to Reduce Progression of Myopia in Children: a Multi-centre Placebo Controlled Randomised Trial in the United Kingdom
Actual Study Start Date : April 3, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 29, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2, 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention Group (Atropine 0.01%)
The intervention group will receive 0.01% atropine sulfate eye drops, administered once daily for two years.
Drug: Atropine Sulfate
Atropine sulfate 0.01% eye drops which consist of 10mls of a clear colourless solution of atropine sulfate 0.01% w/v and benzalkonium chloride 0.01% w/v in sterile water.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Group
The control group will receive placebo eye drops, administered once daily for two years.
Other: Placebo
Placebo eye drops which consist of 10mls of a clear colourless solution of benzalkonium chloride 0.01% w/v in sterile water.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Spherical equivalent refractive error (i.e. myopia severity) [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Spherical equivalent refractive error (i.e., myopia severity) of both eyes measured by autorefractor under cycloplegia (adjusted for baseline).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Central axial length [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured using a laser biometer at central fixation conditions.

  2. Best corrected distance visual acuity (BCdVA) (uniocular and binocular) [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Assessed using the logMAR ETDRS chart. This is a standard letter chart used in research to ensure accuracy and validity of the acuity measurements and has been shown to be repeatable in children.

  3. Near visual acuity (uniocular and binocular) [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Tested using near logMAR ETDRS at 40 cm.

  4. Reading speed [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured with the Wilkins Rate of Reading test.

  5. Pupil diameter [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured using an autorefractor.

  6. Accommodation [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured prior to the instillation of cycloplegia using the autorefractor. The measures will be taken monocularly in each eye and binocularly (minimum 3 measurements per condition). The accommodation response (accommodation lag) will be determined by calculating the difference between the Accommodation Response (AR = near MSE (autorefractor)) and the Accommodation Stimulus.

  7. Spectacle correction [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Current spectacle prescription.

  8. Eye drop tolerability [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Assessed using a 4-point scale to quantify, from the point of view of the participant, (1) local irritation/stinging associated with eye drop instillation; (2) photophobia; and (3) difficulties reading and writing.

  9. Adverse event rates and allergic reactions rates [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    All AEs will be assessed for seriousness, causality, severity and if the adverse event is related to the study drug, for expectedness.

  10. Quality of Life: measured using the EQ-5D-Y [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    The EQ-5D-Y evaluates five dimensions of a child's health (mobility, looking after myself, doing usual activities, having pain or discomfort and feeling worried, sad or unhappy) using three levels (no problems, some problems and a lot of problems). Each response results in a one-digit number, which can be tallied up for the five dimensions. Participants will then indicate their overall health on a visual analogue scale from 0 (worst health you can imagine) to 100 (best health you can imagine).

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Peripheral axial length [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured using a laser biometer at peripheral fixation conditions

  2. Peripheral retinal defocus [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured with the autorefractor at central and peripheral fixation conditions.

  3. Anterior chamber depth [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured with a laser biometer.

  4. Iris colour [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured using a visual grading scale of dark brown, light brown, blue, green, grey.

  5. Height in cms [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    To provide information about the links between the child's development and eye growth and potentially information about lifestyle.

  6. Weight in kgs [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    To provide information about the links between the child's development and eye growth and potentially information about lifestyle.

  7. Hours of outdoor activity [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured using an activities questionnaire.

  8. Ciliary body biometry [ Time Frame: Baseline - 24-months ]
    Measured using anterior-segment OCT (AS-OCT). This will enable changes in lens position and ciliary muscle changes resulting from atropine use to be compared with normal myopic growthChorio-retinal thickness: measured using spectral domain OCT (SR-OCT). This will enable differences in choroidal thickness resulting from atropine use to be compared with normal myopic growth.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 12 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 6-12 years (at the time of consenting)
  2. Myopia of -0.5D or greater (spherical equivalent refractive error) in both eyes
  3. Best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA) 0.20 logMAR or better in both eyes

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Children with other ocular morbidities
  2. Myopia of -10D or greater in either eye
  3. Astigmatism of 2D or higher in either eye
  4. Amblyopia
  5. Significant health problems that can compromise the ability to attend research visits or complete the trial
  6. Other factors that may compromise the ability to attend the research appointments
  7. Parents or children with poor understanding of the English language
  8. Children enrolled in other interventional trials
  9. Allergy or hypersensitivity to atropine or excipients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03690089

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United Kingdom
Northern Ireland Clinical Research
Belfast, United Kingdom, BT9 7AB
Aston University Eye Clinic
Birmingham, United Kingdom, B4 7ET
Anglia Ruskin University Eye Clinic
Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB1 1PT
Centre for Living (Glasgow Caledonian University)
Glasgow, United Kingdom, G4 0BA
Sponsors and Collaborators
Belfast Health and Social Care Trust
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Principal Investigator: Augusto Azuara-Blanco, PhD FRCOphth Queen's University, Belfast
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Belfast Health and Social Care Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03690089    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17097AB-AS
2017-004108-23 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 1, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 15, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Refractive Errors
Eye Diseases
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action