Kangaroo Mother Care Implementation Research for Accelerating Scale-up
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The implementation research project aims to develop and evaluate models for scaling up KMC in health facilities across India and Ethiopia and thereby develop effective approaches to achieve high population coverage
Condition or disease
Low Birth Weight
Other: Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC)
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is the practice of early, continuous and prolonged skin-to-skin contact between the mother and the baby with exclusive breastfeeding. Despite clear evidence of impact in improving survival and health outcomes among low birth weight infants, KMC coverage has remained low and implementation has been limited. The multi-site project includes formative research to identify barriers and contextual factors that affect implementation and utilization of KMC and design scalable models to deliver KMC across the facility-community continuum. This will be followed by implementation and evaluation of these models in routine care settings, in an iterative fashion, with the aim of reaching a successful model for wider district, state and national-level scale-up. The aim is to successfully provide KMC to 80% or more of babies born in the study area weighing under 2000 grammes
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
up to 28 Days (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
newborn babies with birth weight less than 2000gm born in the geographic area targeted by the intervention, including all babies born in health facilities and in the community
• All newborns who are less than 2000 gm born within the study facilities during the study period.
• Newborns who are sick per predefined criteria will not be provided KMC until they have been stabilized. Criteria for delay of initiation include: critical illness including apnea, decreased respiratory rate <20 breaths per minute, grunting, cyanosis, severe chest in-drawing, convulsions, unconsciousness, and severe hypothermia <32°F.