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Nivolumab and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Localized/Locally Advanced Urothelial Bladder Cancer Ineligible for Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03421652
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 5, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nitin Vaishampayan, MD, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab works with radiation therapy in treating patients with urothelial bladder cancer that has spread from its original site of growth to nearby tissues or lymph nodes and are ineligible for chemotherapy. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving nivolumab and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with urothelial bladder cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage II Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage III Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IV Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v7 Drug: Nivolumab Radiation: Radiation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the 12-month rate of progression-free survival (PFS) achieved with the combination of nivolumab, a programmed death (PD-1) inhibitor, and radiation therapy in localized/locally advanced urothelial cancer patients, who are chemotherapy ineligible, to a historical control reference 12-month PFS rate.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the toxicity of concurrent nivolumab and radiation therapy in urothelial cancer.

II. To determine overall response rate (ORR). III. To determine metastasis-free survival (MFS). IV. To determine overall survival (OS). V. To evaluate the quality of life and bladder functioning during and after the therapy.

VI. To explore the relationships of PD-1 expression, PDL-1 expression, and the Th1/Th2 cytokine ratio to clinical outcomes (response, PFS, MFS, and OS).

OUTLINE:

Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days (2 weeks) for up to 14 courses (6 months) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 3 days of course 1, patients undergo radiation therapy over 32-35 on weeks 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 12 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Concurrent Nivolumab in Urothelial Bladder Cancer With Radiation Therapy in Localized/Locally Advanced Disease for Chemotherapy Ineligible Patients [NUTRA]
Actual Study Start Date : April 24, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (nivolumab, radiation therapy)
Given IV
Drug: Nivolumab
Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days (2 weeks) for up to 14 courses (6 months) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 3 days of course 1, patients undergo radiation therapy over 32-35 on weeks 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9.
Other Names:
  • 946414-94-4
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Radiation: Radiation
Beginning 3 days of course 1, patients undergo radiation therapy over 32-35 on weeks 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From date of registration to date of first documented disease relapse/progression, or death from urothelial cancer whichever occurs first, assessed up to 12 months ]
    PFS distribution will be summarized with the Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survivorship estimate. A graph of the K-M curve for PFS will be generated along with the Hall-Wellner 95% confidence band, and a display of the number of patients at risk at several time points, below the X-axis. Summary statistics (12-month PFS rate, median PFS, etc.) will be calculated from the K-M life table, each one with its respective 95% confidence interval (CI).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events graded per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Frequency distributions of each toxicity type by severity grade will be generated. For a given grade(s), the point estimate of the toxicity rate will be computed, along with its 95% (Wilson type) CI.

  2. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    ORR will be estimated among the response evaluable patients and among all patients. Frequency distributions of best response will be generated for each of those sets of patients. The point estimate of the ORR will be computed, along with its 95% (Wilson type) CI.

  3. Metastasis-free survival (MFS) [ Time Frame: From registration to the appearance of metastases or cancer related death, assessed up to 12 months ]
    Summary statistics of MFS will be calculated from the K-M life tables. K-M graphs of the censored MFS distributions will also be generated.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From date of registration to death or last follow up, assessed up to 12 months ]
    Summary statistics of OS will be calculated from the K-M life tables. K-M graphs of the censored OS distributions will also be generated.

  5. Quality of life (QOL) and bladder functioning questionnaires assessment [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The QOL score will be measured pre therapy, during therapy and after therapy to compare the changes.

  6. PD-1 and PDL-1 expression analysis using immunohistochemistry (IHC) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    PDL-1 status will be checked on pre-therapy tumor tissue and will be correlated with the primary endpoint.

  7. Th1/Th2 cytokine ratio analysis [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The continuous markers (e.g., tumor infiltrating lymphocyte [TIL]s, Th1/Th2 cytokine ratio, etc.) will be summarized with standard descriptive statistics. These descriptive analyses of the serum markers will be performed for each time point at which the each marker is determined. Response (CR/PR vs not) will be modeled as a function of a dichotomized version of pre-study the continuous (ungrouped) markers (e.g., TILs from tissue, and the Th1/Th2 cytokine ratio from serum). The statistical goal of these exploratory analyses is to obtain the point and 95% CI estimates of the OR, and to simply determine the direction and approximate magnitude of these associations for use in planning a subsequent study. Censored PFS will be modeled as a function of a dichotomized version of the continuous (ungrouped) markers (e.g., TILs from tissue, and the Th1/Th2 cytokine ratio using Cox modelling strategy.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Localized urothelial cancer of bladder with presence of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) component; mixed histologies are allowed Clinical or pathologic stage T2 -T4 disease including T4a and 4b if feasible to treat with radiation therapy Locoregional lymph node metastases are permitted but patients with distant metastases are ineligible; imaging to evaluate for distant metastases should consist of a minimum of computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of abdomen/pelvis or CT urogram and a chest x-ray (CXR) or CT chest; patients for which there is clinical suspicion or symptoms of bone metastasis should have a bone scan completed to rule out metastatic disease prior to enrollment on study Agreeable to consider radiation therapy (RT) for the urothelial cancer: patients have to be evaluated by a radiation oncologist and deemed to be candidates for RT

The patients must not be candidates for chemotherapy due to at least one of the following reasons:

  • Performance status of 2
  • Creatinine clearance =< 60 ml/min as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Cardiac disease such as New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure or cardiac ischemia within the last 12 months, grade 2 or greater neuropathy, or other comorbidities based on which patient is not considered a candidate for chemotherapy Alkaline phosphatase =< 3 x upper limit of normal Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x upper limit of normal Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal Bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3 Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL Platelets >= 100 K/mm^3 Performance score (PS) of 0-2 by Zubrod score Life expectancy of 12 months Willingness to sign informed consent Patients cannot have active autoimmune disease or immunosuppressive conditions Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X institutional ULN or creatinine clearance > 40 ml/min as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula In females with childbearing potential, or men with partners of child bearing potential, willingness to use adequate contraception for a minimum duration of 155 days in females and 215 days in males, after last dose of nivolumab Maximal tumor resection has been performed as feasible

Exclusion Criteria:

- The subject has received cytotoxic chemotherapy (including investigational cytotoxic chemotherapy) or biologic agents (e.g., cytokines or antibodies) for urothelial cancer within 4 weeks, or intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) within 6 weeks of the first dose of study treatment Prior treatment with any PD-1 or PDL-1 inhibitor

The subject has received therapeutic radiation:

  • To the bladder/prostate/rectum pelvis
  • To any other site(s) within 28 days of the first dose of study treatment Obstructive renal failure that is not relieved with stents or nephrostomy tube/s The subject has received any other type of investigational agent within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment Steroid doses greater than an equivalent of prednisone 10 mg daily The subject has prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test results at screening >= 2 x the laboratory ULN Uncontrolled hematuria

The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including, but not limited to, the following conditions:

  • Cardiovascular disorders such as uncontrolled arrhythmias or uncontrolled congestive heart failure
  • Gastrointestinal disorders particularly those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation including:

    • Any of the following at the time of screening

      • Active peptic ulcer disease,
      • Active inflammatory bowel disease (including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease), diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis
    • Any of the following within 6 months before the first dose of study treatment:

      • History of abdominal fistula
      • Bowel perforation The subject has a previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment formulation The subject is unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator or designee Presence of another invasive malignancy, which required systemic therapy within 12 months of protocol enrollment, except for resected skin cancers or prostate cancer that is in remission Pregnant or nursing women Patient is a candidate for radical cystectomy as a potentially curative option Patients with inherited syndromes associated with hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation (e.g., ataxia-telangiectasia, Nijmegen breakage syndrome)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03421652


Contacts
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Contact: Ulka N. Vaishampayan, M.D. (313) 576-8718 vaishamu@karmanos.org

Locations
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United States, Michigan
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute Recruiting
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Contact: Clinical Trials Office    800-527-6266    vaishamu@karmanos.org   
Principal Investigator: Ulka N. Vaishampayan, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Joseph Fontana, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Elisabeth I. Heath, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Jordan Maier, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Steven Miller, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Michael Dominello, M.D.         
United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute Recruiting
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263
Contact: Saby George, M.D., FACP    716-845-3863    Saby.George@RoswellPark.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ulka N. Vaishampayan, M.D. Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Nitin Vaishampayan, MD, Principal Investigator, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03421652    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-195
First Posted: February 5, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 29, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents