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Evaluation of the Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) Model

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03411785
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : January 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) Model, sponsored by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), is a multipayer advanced primary care model. CPC+ aims to strengthen primary care by transforming how primary care practices deliver care, supported by regionally based multipayer payment reform, learning support, data feedback, and health information technology (health IT) support. The CPC+ evaluation will assess how CPC+ was implemented; how practices transformed care; and the effects on cost, service use, quality of care, and the experiences of patients, primary care practitioners, and staff. The evaluation will also identify facilitators and barriers to implementation and improved outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
All Conditions Other: CPC+ model Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This project is a large, seven-year mixed-methods evaluation of the Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) Model, sponsored by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). CPC+ aims to improve the delivery of primary care; patients' cost, service use, and quality of care; and the experiences of patients, practitioners, and staff. It aims to achieve these goals by helping practices transform across five key care delivery functions: (1) access and continuity, (2) care management, (3) comprehensiveness and coordination, (4) patient and caregiver engagement, and (5) planned care and population health.

The national model includes two rounds, each of which will last for five years. Round 1 will take place from January 2017 through December 2021 and Round 2 from January 2018 through December 2022. A total of 2,877 primary care practices are participating in Round 1. The number of Round 2 practices will not be confirmed until September 2017.

From practices that applied to participate, CMS selected those that provide primary care, met specific certified health information technology (health IT) requirements, and were already engaging in certain care delivery activities. The CPC+ model includes two transformation tracks with incrementally advanced care delivery requirements and payment options. Participating practices will receive financial payments from CMS, including a monthly care management fee and prospective performance-based incentive payment, on top of traditional payments. Some practices will also receive some payment that shifts away from fee-for-service. In addition, practices will receive payments from other participating payers, representing a large proportion of their total revenue. CPC+ practices will receive learning support, data feedback, and health IT support to promote transformation.

To estimate the effect of CPC+, the investigators will compare the outcomes over time for CPC+ practices with the outcomes over time for a group of comparison practices. The investigators selected the comparison practices by identifying practices that matched the CPC+ practices on key characteristics. The investigators expect to include up to 8,397 comparison practices in Round 1.

The investigators will estimate the impact of CPC+ on patient outcomes by tracking the patients who are attributed to a study practice based on receiving most of their evaluation and management care from that practice. The investigators expect to include approximately 5,326,531 attributed patients across the CPC+ and comparison practices in Round 1 (the number of attributed patients for the Round 2 practices is to be determined). Analyses of Medicare (and in some regions Medicaid) claims data for patients attributed to the CPC+ and comparison practices will be conducted to estimate impacts on Medicare expenditures, our primary outcome, and service use and quality of care.

The investigators will also estimate the impact of CPC+ on practice care delivery approaches, and patient, practitioner, and staff experience. The investigators will administer a practice survey to the practice managers of all the study practices to track changes in care delivery and practice characteristics. The investigators will measure patient experience through a survey administered to Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries attributed to the study practices. Changes in work environment and practitioner and staff experience with CPC+ will be measured through a survey of primary care practitioners of the study practices and staff of the CPC+ practices. For the Round 1 practices, the investigators expect to administer 11,244 practice surveys, 20,000 patient surveys, 10,996 practitioner surveys, and 10,429 staff surveys, The sample sizes for surveys for the Round 2 practices are to be determined. Telephone interviews and site visits will be conducted with CPC+ payers; practitioners and staff in the practices, and, if relevant, the systems and medical groups that own them; patients; and other stakeholders to understand what was implemented, and barriers and facilitators to implementation and improved outcomes.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 5326531 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Evaluation of the Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) Model
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Medicare

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CPC+ practices
This is the intervention group, and includes the practices that were selected and agreed to participate in the CPC+ model.
Other: CPC+ model
CPC+ practices receive a monthly care management fee and prospective performance-based incentive payment on top of traditional payments. Some practices will also receive some payment that shifts away from fee-for-service. In addition, CPC+ practices will receive learning and health IT support and data feedback to implement processes to meet care delivery requirements and achieve five primary care functions.

No Intervention: Comparison practices
Comparison practices are the control group. This group includes practices not participating in the model that were matched to the CPC+ practices and whose outcomes will be compared to those of the CPC+ practices.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total Part A and Part B claims paid by Medicare in 2017 [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Total claims paid by Medicare for for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  2. Total Part A and Part B claims paid by Medicare in 2018 [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Total claims paid by Medicare for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  3. Total Part A and Part B claims paid by Medicare in 2019 [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Total claims paid by Medicare for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  4. Total Part A and Part B claims paid by Medicare in 2020 [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    Total claims paid by Medicare for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  5. Total Part A and Part B claims paid by Medicare in 2021 [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Total claims paid by Medicare for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Claims paid by Medicare in 2017 by type of service and service utilization [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicare for each of following: physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  2. Claims paid by Medicare in 2018 by type of service and service utilization [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicare for each of following: physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  3. Claims paid by Medicare in 2019 by type of service and service utilization [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicare for each of following: physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  4. Claims paid by Medicare in 2020 by type of service and service utilization [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicare for each of following: physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  5. Claims paid by Medicare in 2021 by type of service and service utilization [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicare for each of following: physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  6. Claims paid by Medicaid in 2017 [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicaid for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  7. Claims paid by Medicaid in 2018 [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicaid for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  8. Claims paid by Medicaid in 2019 [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicaid for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  9. Claims paid by Medicaid in 2020 [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicaid for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  10. Claims paid by Medicaid in 2021 [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Claims paid by Medicaid for physician services (primary care physician services, specialist services, and services provided by noninstitutional providers), inpatient hospital services, outpatient services, skilled nursing facility, durable medical equipment, hospice, and home health

  11. Quality-of-care process measures for 2017 based on claims data [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Quality-of-care outcome measures based on claims data (including 30-day hospital readmissions, rate of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive admissions, and likelihood of emergency department revisits)

  12. Quality-of-care process measures for 2018 based on claims data [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Quality-of-care outcome measures based on claims data (including 30-day hospital readmissions, rate of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive admissions, and likelihood of emergency department revisits)

  13. Quality-of-care process measures for 2019 based on claims data [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Quality-of-care outcome measures based on claims data (including 30-day hospital readmissions, rate of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive admissions, and likelihood of emergency department revisits)

  14. Quality-of-care process measures for 2020 based on claims data [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    Quality-of-care outcome measures based on claims data (including 30-day hospital readmissions, rate of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive admissions, and likelihood of emergency department revisits)

  15. Quality-of-care process measures for 2021 based on claims data [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Quality-of-care outcome measures based on claims data (including 30-day hospital readmissions, rate of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive admissions, and likelihood of emergency department revisits)

  16. Patient experience [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Self-reported measures of patient experience with primary care practitioner and practice

  17. Patient experience [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Self-reported measures of patient experience with primary care practitioner and practice

  18. Patient experience [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Self-reported measures of patient experience with primary care practitioner and practice

  19. Practitioner and staff experience [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Self-reported measures of approaches to delivery of primary care and work experience at practice

  20. Practitioner and staff experience [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    Self-reported measures of approaches to delivery of primary care and work experience at practice

  21. Practice's care delivery [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Self-reported measures of practice approaches to delivery of primary care

  22. Practice's care delivery [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Self-reported measures of practice approaches to delivery of primary care

  23. Practice's care delivery [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Self-reported measures of practice approaches to delivery of primary care

  24. Practice's care delivery [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    Self-reported measures of practice approaches to delivery of primary care

  25. Practice's care delivery [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Self-reported measures of practice approaches to delivery of primary care



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All Medicare fee-for-service patients who receive the largest share of their evaluation and management visits from one of the study primary care practices.
  • Practice managers, practitioners, and staff of the study primary care practices.

Exclusion Criteria: None

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03411785


Sponsors and Collaborators
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Investigators
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Study Director: Deborah Peikes, Ph.D. Mathematica Policy Research
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Responsible Party: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03411785    
Other Study ID Numbers: CPCPlus2017
First Posted: January 26, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No