Gene Transfer for Sickle Cell Disease
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03282656|
Recruitment Status : Suspended (Study paused per DSMB pending investigation of Adverse Event occurrence in an unrelated gene therapy study involving sickle cell patients.)
First Posted : September 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2021
A promising approach for the treatment of genetic diseases is called gene therapy. Gene therapy is a relatively new field of medicine that uses genetic material (mostly DNA) from the patient to treat his or her own disease. In gene therapy, the investigators introduce new genetic material in order to fix or replace the patient's disease gene, with the goal of curing the disease. The procedure is similar to a bone marrow transplant, in that the patient's malfunctioning blood stem cells are reduced or eliminated using chemotherapy, but it is different because instead of using a different person's (donor) blood stem cells for the transplant, the patient's own blood stem cells are given back after the new genetic material has been introduced into those cells. This approach has the advantage of eliminating any risk of GVHD, reducing the risk of graft rejection, and may also allow less chemotherapy to be utilized for the conditioning portion of the transplant procedure. The method used to introduce the gene into the patient's own blood stem cells is to engineer and use a modified version of a virus (called a 'vector') that efficiently inserts the "correcting" genetic material into the cells. The vector is a specialized biological medicine that has been formulated for use in human beings.
The investigators have recently discovered a gene that is very important in the control of fetal hemoglobin expression. Increasing the expression of this gene in sickle cell patients could increase the amount of fetal hemoglobin while simultaneously reducing the amount of sickle hemoglobin in their blood, and therefore potentially cure the condition. In summary, the advantages of a gene therapy approach include: 1) it can be used even if the patient does not have a matched donor available; 2) it may allow a reduction in the amount of chemotherapy required to prepare the patient for the transplant; and 3) it will avoid the strong medicines often required to prevent and treat GVHD and rejection. The goal is to test whether this approach is safe, and whether using gene therapy to change the expression of this particular gene will lead to increased fetal hemoglobin production in people with sickle cell disease.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Sickle Cell Disease||Biological: single infusion of autologous bone marrow derived CD34+ HSC cells transduced with the lentiviral vector containing a short-hairpin RNA targeting BCL11a||Phase 1|
This is an open-label, non-randomized, single center, pilot and feasibility, single arm cohort study involving a single infusion of autologous bone marrow derived CD34+ HSC cells transduced with the lentiviral vector containing a short-hairpin RNA targeting BCL11a. Accrual will be a maximum of 7 evaluable patients with SCD. The study will have three strata:
- Stratum 1: ages ≥18-40
- Stratum 2: ages ≥12-<18
- Stratum 3: ages ≥3-<12
To determine the feasibility and safety of administering a lentiviral gene transfer vector encoding a small hairpin (sh) RNA targeting the γ-globin gene repressor, BCL11A, in patients with severe SCD.
Patients will undergo standard work-up for autologous bone marrow transplantation according to institutional guidelines and then undergo two bone marrow harvests at a minimum of 4 weeks apart that will be used for a back-up marrow (minimum of 2 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg) and for a harvest of autologous bone marrow for gene transfer.
Patients will receive blood transfusions for a period of 3 months prior to the planned date of product infusion, with a goal of achieving a HbS level ≤ 30% by the time of gene transfer. If the subject is already on a chronic transfusion regimen as part of baseline disease management, the regimen may be continued. The timing of transfusions will be coordinated to occur within 7 days prior to any procedures requiring anesthesia such as bone marrow harvest.
Hematopoietic cells will be collected from the patient in advance of the treatment, to serve as a salvage procedure ("back-up graft"), should there be no hematopoietic recovery observed following the injection of genetically-manipulated cells, or should manipulated cells fail to meet release criteria. Bone marrow (up to 20 mL/kg) will be harvested from the patient under general anesthesia from the posterior iliac crests on both sides by multiple punctures at a minimum of 4 weeks prior to gene therapy. A portion of the bone marrow containing at least 2 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg will be frozen and stored unmanipulated according to standard clinical procedures for autologous bone marrow collection to constitute the back-up graft. If the number of CD34+ cells that exceeds 2 x 106 cells/kg is greater than or equal to 1 x 106 cells/kg, these excess cells would be processed for transduction, transduced, and then frozen. Transduction will be carried out on the selected CD34+ cells and transduced cells will be cryopreserved. If cells from the first harvest were transduced and frozen, these gene-modified cells will be thawed and prepared for infusion in parallel with the product from the subsequent harvest(s). In this case two separate products would be infused. All cell manipulation procedures and release testing will be performed in the transduction facility in accordance with Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) following process specific standard operating procedures. Final Drug Product will be accompanied by a Certificate of Analysis, documenting that all release testing is complete and within specification. Subjects will receive myeloablative conditioning with Busulfan administered on days -5 to -2, prior to infusion of transduced cells. Cells will be infused intravenously over 30-45 minutes after standard prehydration and premedication according to Boston Children's Hospital Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Unit standard guidelines. This standard requires that the patient be on continuous cardiac, respiratory and oxygen saturation monitor throughout the infusion and for 30 minutes afterwards. Vital signs will be measured and recorded pre-transfusion, 15 minutes into transfusion, every hour for duration of infusion, and end of transfusion. The RN will stay with the patient for the first 5 minutes of the transfusion. If two transduction products are administered, the second transduced product will be administered without delay after the first.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||15 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Open-label, non-randomized, single center, pilot and feasibility, single arm cohort study|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Pilot and Feasibility Study of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Gene Transfer for Sickle Cell Disease|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 13, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 13, 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 13, 2024|
Experimental: Treatment arm
open-label, non-randomized, single center, pilot and feasibility, single arm cohort study of a single infusion of autologous bone marrow derived CD34+ HSC cells transduced with lentiviral vector containing a short-hairpin RNA targeting BC11A.
Biological: single infusion of autologous bone marrow derived CD34+ HSC cells transduced with the lentiviral vector containing a short-hairpin RNA targeting BCL11a
single infusion of autologous bone marrow derived CD34+ HSC cells transduced with the lentiviral vector containing a short-hairpin RNA targeting BCL11a
- Rescue of hematopoiesis after conditioning [ Time Frame: within 7 weeks following infusion of gene transfer product ]Rescue of hematopoiesis after conditioning (defined by absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 0.5 x 109 /L for three consecutive days), achieved within 7 weeks following infusion (i.e., "primary engraftment").
- Expression of transgene [ Time Frame: at 6 weeks post gene transfer then every 6 months until 2 years after gene transfer ]a. Presence of the transgene (vector copy number) in the following samples: i) Peripheral blood cells [measured in whole blood, mononuclear cells, and the following sorted populations: CD3+, CD15+, CD19+, and CD56+] at 6 weeks, and then every 6 months until 2 years after gene transfer.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03282656
|United States, California|
|UCLA - Mattel Children's Hospital|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston Children's Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||Erica Esrick, MD||Boston Children's Hospital|