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Pirfenidone Combined With Standard First-Line Chemotherapy in Advanced-Stage Lung NSCLC

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03177291
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects (good and/or bad) Pirfenidone combined with standard first-line chemotherapy will have on you and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The investigational drug Pirfenidone is being combined with standard chemotherapy in participants with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Pirfenidone is approved to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) but it isn't currently approved to treat non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Advanced Cancer Metastatic Lung Cancer Squamous Cell Lung Cancer Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Neoplasm of Lung Drug: Pirfenidone Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Pemetrexed Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This study will be conducted in two phases: 1) a Phase I dose escalation study with a Standard 3+3 design to determine the recommended Phase II dose and 2) a Phase Ib expansion study to evaluate early signs of efficacy and obtain more toxicity data. The Phase I trial will be a single center, dose-escalation study of pirfenidone combined with standard chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced/metastatic NSCLC, followed by a Phase Ib trial to determine early clinical efficacy [objective tumor response rate (ORR)] and toxicity data.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 66 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/Ib Trial of Pirfenidone Combined With Standard First-Line Chemotherapy in Advanced-Stage Lung NSCLC
Actual Study Start Date : September 26, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Pirfenidone

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Squamous Cell Lung Cancer (SQCLC)
Arm A Combination Therapy: Pirfenidone combined with standard first-line chemotherapy. Participants will receive the combination of Pirfenidone and carboplatin plus paclitaxel in study treatment cycles that last 21 days. Phase 1 Dose Escalation; followed by Phase 1b Dose Expansion.
Drug: Pirfenidone

Pirfenidone: 267 mg Capsules by mouth (PO) 3 times per day (TID). Dose Escalation: Level 1:One capsule (total daily dose 801 mg); Level 2: Two capsules (total daily dose 1602 mg); Level 3: Three capsules (total daily dose 2403 mg).

Dose Expansion: Treatment at dose determined by the Phase 1 Dose Escalation.

Other Names:
  • 5-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyridine-one
  • Esbriet

Drug: Carboplatin
Area under the curve (AUC) 6 on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle for 4 - 6 cycles.
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Paclitaxel
200 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle for 4 - 6 cycles.
Other Name: Abraxane

Active Comparator: Non-Squamous Cell Lung Cancer (SQCLC)
Arm B Combination Therapy: Pirfenidone combined with standard first-line chemotherapy. Participants will receive the combination of Pirfenidone and carboplatin plus pemetrexed in study treatment cycles that last 21 days. Phase 1 Dose Escalation; followed by Phase 1b Dose Expansion.
Drug: Pirfenidone

Pirfenidone: 267 mg Capsules by mouth (PO) 3 times per day (TID). Dose Escalation: Level 1:One capsule (total daily dose 801 mg); Level 2: Two capsules (total daily dose 1602 mg); Level 3: Three capsules (total daily dose 2403 mg).

Dose Expansion: Treatment at dose determined by the Phase 1 Dose Escalation.

Other Names:
  • 5-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyridine-one
  • Esbriet

Drug: Carboplatin
Area under the curve (AUC) 6 on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle for 4 - 6 cycles.
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Pemetrexed
500 mg/m^2 on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle for 4 - 6 cycles.
Other Name: Alimta




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase 1: Recommended Phase 1b Dose [ Time Frame: 6 months post final enrollment in phase 1 - up to 48 months ]
    Recommended Phase 1b dose of Pirfenidone in combination with standard first-line chemotherapy, based on Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) from phase 1. Dose-limiting Toxicity: The occurrence of any of the following toxicities will be considered a DLT, if judged by the Investigator to be possibly, probably, or definitely related to study drug administration, referring to grade 3-5 adverse events as listed in the protocol document.

  2. Phase 1b: Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 6 months post final enrollment in phase 1b - up to 48 months ]
    ORR according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1: Complete Response (CR) plus Partial Response (PR). Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm (<1 cm). Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 48 months ]

    PFS according to RECIST 1.1: defined as the time from study registration to progression or death, whichever comes first. PFS for patients last known to be alive and progression free will be censored at the date of last disease assessment. Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm (0.5 cm).

    (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progressions). Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.


  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 48 months ]
    Overall survival (OS) defined as the time from study registration or death due to any cause. OS for patients last known to be alive will be censored at the date of last contact.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically/cytologically documented Stage IIIB to Stage IV unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (either squamous cell carcinoma or non-squamous cell lung cancer or mixed histology; epidermal growth factor (EGFR) or ALK mutation excluded unless previously treated with a TKI, given a 2 week washout period). Patients with adenocarcinoma must have been tested for EGFR and ALK mutations.
  • At least one measurable tumor lesion as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1.
  • 18 years of age and older.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1.
  • Participants should be chemotherapy naïve in the Stage IV NSCLC setting, with the exception of chemotherapy for neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment that completed at least 6 months before the study treatment.
  • Participants' blood test must meet the following requirements: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L; Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L; Hemoglobin level ≥ 9 g/dL.
  • Clinical biochemistry examination must meet the following requirements: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 5 X ULN for patients with liver metastases; Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or estimated GFR ≥ 50 mL/min/m^2; Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN; Urine pregnancy test is negative for women of childbearing potential, within 14 days before study treatment.
  • Estimated life expectancy of at least 6 months.
  • May have received prior immunotherapy.
  • Have archived tissue available or be willing to undergo a fresh biopsy during screening, if deemed feasible by the investigator/study PI. If neither available, the patients enrollment must be reviewed and approved by the PI.
  • Voluntarily participate in the clinical trial, understanding they may withdraw participation at any time.
  • Able to understand and provide written informed consent prior to trial participation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Are currently undergoing other anti-tumor therapies or have concurrent active cancer.
  • Patients who were enrolled into any other treatment clinical trial and received treatment on that trial within 4 weeks of study treatment.
  • Any clinical laboratory findings give reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of any study medication or render the subject at high risk from treatment.
  • Patients with previously untreated brain metastases should be excluded. Patients with treated and stable (>4 weeks) brain metastases may be eligible for enrollment.
  • History of allergic reactions to carboplatin or paclitaxel.
  • Have had immunotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to study treatment or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks prior to study treatment. Prior history of palliative radiation for symptomatic bony or brain metastases is permissible.
  • Are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Patients with known ROS1 mutations who have not received prior targeted therapy.
  • Alcohol or drug dependence.
  • Uncontrolled coagulopathy.
  • Uncontrolled hyper- or hypothyroidism.
  • Known hypersensitivity to pirfenidone, carboplatin, pemetrexed or paclitaxel.
  • Pre-existing peripheral neuropathy of Grade II or higher.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (NYHA Class III/IV), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Patients receiving any medications or substances that are moderate to strong inhibitors CYP1A2 are ineligible.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of study drug administration.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03177291


Locations
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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Recruiting
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Contact: Germaine Gonzalez-Vazquez    813-745-6636    germain.gonzalezvazquez@moffitt.org   
Contact: Jhanelle Gray, M.D.    813-745-7282    jhanelle.gray@moffitt.org   
Principal Investigator: Jhanelle Gray, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Scott Antonia, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Alberto Chiappori, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Benjamin Creelan, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Eric Haura, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Tawee Tanvetyanon, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Charles Williams, Jr., M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jhanelle Gray, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03177291    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-19082
First Posted: June 6, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 5, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
NSCLC
SCLC
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pirfenidone
Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Pemetrexed
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents