In Utero Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Alpha-thalassemia Major (ATM)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02986698|
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : December 8, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2023
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Alpha Thalassemia Major Hemoglobinopathy; With Thalassemia Hemoglobinopathies Fetal Anemia Fetal Hydrops Alpha; Thalassemia Thalassemia Major Thalassemia Alpha A-Thalassemia||Biological: in utero hematopoietic stem cell transplantation||Phase 1|
Alpha thalassemia major (ATM) is almost universally fatal in utero and represents an orphan disease with an unmet need for effective therapies. The only current treatment to allow the fetus to be born is to perform in utero transfusions (IUT) of red blood cells to treat the anemia and avoid the complications of hydrops and fetal demise. Often, affected pregnancies undergo elective termination after diagnosis. Cases with prenatal diagnosis of ATM who receive IUT and survive to birth will ultimately require lifelong monthly blood transfusions or bone marrow transplant, if a suitable donor is identified.
This is a phase 1 clinical trial to demonstrate the safety, feasibility and efficacy of performing in utero stem cell transplantation on fetuses affected with ATM. The investigators aim to recruit ten participants with a prenatal diagnosis of ATM. Participants will undergo bone marrow harvest and an in utero transfusion combined with maternal stem cells. Transplanting maternal cells into the fetus takes advantage of existing maternal-fetal tolerance during pregnancy. Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation into the fetus takes advantage of the developing fetal immune system to induce tolerance to the transplanted cells without using conditioning or immunosuppression. Performing stem cell transplantation at the same time as IUT minimizes any additional procedural risk to the fetus.
The investigators hope to demonstrate that it is safe and feasible to perform in utero stem cell transplantation. Additionally, the investigators want to demonstrate postnatal chimerism of maternal cells so that, if a bone marrow transplant remains necessary after delivery, conditioning and immune suppression will not be required.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||10 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Single-Center, Non-Randomized Study of the Safety and Efficacy of In Utero Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for the Treatment of Fetuses With Alpha Thalassemia Major|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 5, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||March 2024|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 2026|
Experimental: in utero hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Perform in utero hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at the time of intrauterine transplantation in fetuses with alpha-thalassemia major. The cellular product is: Semi-allogeneic, Related, Maternal Bone Marrow-Derived, Miltenyi CliniMACS Plus enriched CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells administered in utero at a dose of 1 x 10^7-10^9 cells/kg fetal weight with equal to or less than 1% CD3+ T cells (equivalent to 10^5-10^7 T cells/kg fetal weight) in a final volume of 2-5ml suspended in 5% human serum albumin in Normosol buffer (Hospira, Inc.).
Stem cells will be administered immediately before the red blood cells intravenously via the umbilical vein during the clinically indicated IUT. All participants will receive one dose of stem cells but may receive additional transfusions as clinically indicated.
Biological: in utero hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
This is a phase 1 safety study to demonstrate it is safe for both the mother and fetus to perform In utero hematopoietic stem cell transplantation of maternal derived stem cells at the time of intrauterine transplantation of red blood cells to treat fetuses affected with alpha-thalassemia major.
- Maternal participant tolerance of bone marrow harvest [ Time Frame: 5 year recruitment phase to include time of bone marrow harvest through 30 days after delivery ]Maternal participant tolerance of bone marrow harvest defined as not requiring interventions for preterm labor, bleeding, infection or prolonged hospitalization.
- Safety of in utero hematopoietic stem cell transplantation when performed at the same time as in utero blood transfusion for the fetal participant [ Time Frame: 5 year recruitment plus 1 year data collection phase to include time of IUHCT through 1 year after delivery ]safety for fetal participant defined by survival 24 hours after procedure, fetal survival till birth, neonatal survival through discharge of hospitalization and no evidence of graft versus host disease
- Adequate bone marrow harvest from the maternal participant [ Time Frame: 5 year recruitment phase ]This is defined as approximately 200-300 cc of bone marrow from which 10^7-10^9 CD34+ cells/kg fetal weight with 10^5-10^7 CD3+ cells/kg fetal weight will be isolated.
- successful engraftment [ Time Frame: 5 year recruitment plus data collection phase to include time of IUHCT through 1 year after delivery ]The primary efficacy endpoint is successful engraftment of maternal bone marrow- derived CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells measured by establishment of maternal participant donor cell chimerism equal to or greater than 1% donor cells in the circulation of the fetal recipient. Chimerism will be determined in cord blood at birth, or at a corrected gestational age of 40 weeks, if there is preterm delivery, followed weekly for the first 4 weeks of life, and monthly for one year in the infant to monitor the stability of engraftment.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Weeks to 26 Weeks (Child)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Male or female fetuses from 18 weeks and 0/7 days to 26 weeks 0/7 days gestation with a diagnosis of alpha-thalassemia major by chorionic villus sampling (CVS), amniocentesis, cordocentesis or by identification of parents as genetic carriers, and identification of fetal anemia or signs of impending hydrops, for whom parents elect to pursue in utero transfusion, and are willing to undergo subsequent IUT for the remainder of gestation.
- parents must consent to fetal autopsy in the event of a fetal demise
- adequate bone marrow harvest from maternal participant is a condition for inclusion
- Fetal Subject Exclusion Criteria: Fetal participants will be excluded if they have a second major anatomic anomaly (not related to the underlying thalassemia) that contributes a significant morbidity or mortality risk, or echocardiogram or ultrasound findings that indicate a high risk of fetal demise after fetal intervention.
- Maternal Subject Exclusion Criteria: Maternal participants will be excluded if they have one or more morbidities that would preclude bone marrow harvest and fetal intervention including, but not limited to, morbid obesity with BMI > 35, maternal cardiac disease, mirror syndrome, symptomatic maternal anemia, or if they develop preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) or active preterm labor (PTL).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02986698
|United States, California|
|University of California|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94158|
|Principal Investigator:||Tippi Mackenzie, MD||University of California, San Francisco|
|Responsible Party:||Tippi Mackenzie, Professor of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||December 8, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||May 22, 2023|
|Last Verified:||May 2023|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
in utero human stem cell transplantation
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Immune System Diseases