We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Durvalumab and Tremelimumab in Patients With Advanced Rare Tumours

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02879162
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 25, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Canadian Cancer Trials Group

Brief Summary:
The standard or usual treatment for this disease may be chemotherapy or other types of treatment to slow the spread of the disease and relieve some symptoms of this cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Rare Tumours Drug: Durvalumab Drug: Tremelimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Durvalumab is a new type of drug for many types of cancer. Laboratory tests show that it works by allowing the immune system to detect cancer and stimulate the immune response. This may help to slow down the growth of cancer or may cause cancer cells to die. Durvalumab has been shown to shrink tumours in animals and has been studied in 5000 people and seems promising but it is not clear if it can offer better results than standard treatment alone.

Tremelimumab is a new type of drug for various types of cancers. It works in a similar way to durvalumab and may improve the effect of durvalumab. This may also help slow the growth of the cancer cells or may cause cancer cells to die. Tremelimumab has been shown to shrink tumours in animals and has been studied in 1500 people and seems promising but it is not clear if it can offer better results than standard treatment alone when used with durvalumab

Combinations of durvalumab and tremelimumab have also been studied and when combined have been shown to increase tumour shrinkage in animals compared to either drug alone. While the combination has been studied in 250 people, it is not clear if it can offer better results than standard treatment.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 140 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Durvalumab and Tremelimumab in Patients With Advanced Rare Tumours
Actual Study Start Date : October 19, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Durvalumab + Tremelimumab
Durvalumab 1500 mg IV 60 min Day 1 every 4 weeks Tremelimumab 75 mg IV 60 min Day 1, cycles 1-4
Drug: Durvalumab
Drug: Tremelimumab

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate measured by RECIST version 1.1 [ Time Frame: 48 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
  2. Time to progression based on Kaplan-Meier method [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    defined as time from the date of randomization to the date of progression

  3. Progression free survival based on Kaplan-Meier method [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    defined as time from the date of randomization to the date of progression or death

  4. Response duration , based on Kaplan-Meier method [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
    defined as the time from date of stable disease as the best response to the date when progression or death is observed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically and/or cytologically confirmed cancer that is advanced / metastatic / recurrent or unresectable and for which no curative therapy exists as follows:

    1. Salivary carcinoma (excluding adenoid cystic carcinoma histology)
    2. Carcinoma of unknown primary with tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and/or expressing PD-L1
    3. Mucosal melanoma
    4. Acral melanoma
    5. Osteosarcoma
    6. Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma
    7. Clear cell carcinoma of the ovary
    8. Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal (SCCA)
  • All patients must have a tumour tissue from their primary or metastatic tumour available
  • Presence of clinically and/or radiologically documented disease. All radiology studies must be performed within 28 days prior to registration (within 35 days if negative).

All patients must have at least one measurable lesion as defined by RECIST 1.1 that has not been the site of the protocol mandated biopsy. The criteria for defining measurable disease are as follows:

CT scan (with slice thickness of 5 mm) ≥ 10 mm --> longest diameter Lymph nodes by CT scan ≥ 15 mm --> measured in short axis

  • Patients must be ≥ 16 years of age.
  • Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  • Previous Therapy

Cytotoxic Chemotherapy:

Patients may have received prior chemotherapy - no limit on number of prior regimens.

Other Systemic Therapy:

Patients may have received other prior therapies including, angiogenesis inhibitors, PARP inhibitors or signal transduction inhibitors (tyrosine kinase inhibitors). Prior therapy with PD-1/PD-L1 or CTLA-4 inhibitors is not allowed.

Patients must have recovered from all reversible toxicity related to prior chemotherapy or systemic therapy (unless grade 1, irreversible, or considered by investigator as not clinically significant) and have adequate washout as follows:

Longest of one of the following:

  • Two weeks
  • 5 half-lives for investigational agents
  • Standard cycle length of standard therapies


Prior external beam radiation is permitted provided a minimum of 28 days (4 weeks) have elapsed between the last dose of radiation and date of registration. Exceptions may be made for low-dose, non-myelosuppressive radiotherapy after consultation with CCTG senior investigator. Concurrent radiotherapy is not permitted. Patients planned for concurrent chemotherapy-radiation are not eligible.


Previous surgery is permitted provided that a minimum of 28 days (4 weeks) have elapsed between any major surgery and date of registration, and that wound healing has occurred.

  • Lab Requirements:

Absolute neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L Hemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (upper limit of normal)* AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 x ULN (if liver metastases are present, ≤ 5 x ULN) Serum creatinine < 1.25 x ULN or: Creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mLs/min

  • Patient consent must be appropriately obtained in accordance with applicable local and regulatory requirements
  • Women/men of childbearing potential must have agreed to use a highly effective contraceptive method.
  • Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow up. Patients registered on this trial must be treated and followed at the participating centre.
  • Subjects should not donate blood while participating in this study, or for at least 90 days following the last infusion of durvalumab or tremelimumab.
  • In accordance with CCTG policy, protocol treatment is to begin within 2 working days of patient registration

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of other malignancies, except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in-situ cancer of the cervix, or other cancers curatively treated with no evidence of disease for ≥ 5 years.
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders including inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. colitis or Crohn's disease), diverticulitis with the exception of diverticulosis, celiac disease or other serious gastrointestinal chronic conditions associated with diarrhea), systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome (granulomatosis with polyangiitis), rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc., within the past 3 years prior to the start of treatment. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Patients with alopecia.
    • Patients with Grave's disease, vitiligo or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the last 2 years).
    • Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g. following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement.
  • History of primary immunodeficiency, history of allogenic organ transplant that requires therapeutic immunosuppression and the use of immunosuppressive agents within 28 days of registration.
  • Live attenuated vaccination administered within 30 days prior to registration.
  • History of hypersensitivity to durvalumab or tremelimumab or any excipient. Any previous treatment with a PD1 or PD-L1 inhibitor, including durvalumab or an anti-CTLA4, including tremelimumab.
  • Patients who have experienced untreated and/or uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions and/or have symptomatic cardiac dysfunction (unstable angina, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within the previous year or cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring medication, history of 2nd or 3rd degree atrioventricular conduction defects). Patients with a significant cardiac history, even if controlled, should have a LVEF ≥ 50%.
  • Untreated symptomatic brain metastases or brain metastases in whom radiation or surgery is indicated.
  • Concurrent treatment with other investigational drugs or anti-cancer therapy.
  • Patients with serious illnesses or medical conditions which would not permit the patient to be managed according to the protocol (incl corticosteroid administration), or would put the patient at risk. This includes but is not limited to:

    • History of significant neurologic or psychiatric disorder which would impair the ability to obtain consent or limit compliance with study requirements.
    • Active infection requiring systemic therapy; (including any patient known to have active hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or tuberculosis or any infection requiring systemic therapy).
    • Active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis.
    • Known pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis with clinically significant impairment of pulmonary function.
  • Pregnant or lactating women.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02879162

Layout table for location information
Canada, Alberta
Cross Cancer Institute
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 1Z2
Canada, British Columbia
BCCA - Cancer Centre for the Southern Interior
Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada, V1Y 5L3
BCCA - Vancouver Cancer Centre
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6
Canada, Manitoba
CancerCare Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3E 0V9
Canada, Nova Scotia
QEII Health Sciences Centre
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3H 1V7
Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre at Hamilton Health Sciences
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V 5C2
London Regional Cancer Program
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5W9
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1H 8L6
University Health Network
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Canada, Quebec
CHUM-Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2X 3E4
The Research Institute of the McGill University
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H4A 3J1
Canada, Saskatchewan
Allan Blair Cancer Centre
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4T 7T1
Saskatoon Cancer Centre
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N 4H4
Sponsors and Collaborators
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Abha Gupta Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto ON Canada
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Canadian Cancer Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02879162    
Other Study ID Numbers: I228
First Posted: August 25, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents