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MDMA-Assisted Cognitive-Behavioral Conjoint Therapy (CBCT) in Dyads in Which 1 Member Has Chronic PTSD

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02876172
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 23, 2016
Results First Posted : July 19, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 6, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies

Brief Summary:
This Phase 1/2 open-label study will combine methods for conducting MDMA-assisted therapy with methods from the CBCT for PTSD in order to treat 10 participants with chronic PTSD and their partners (intimate or non-intimate significant other who does not have a current diagnosis of PTSD) in order to explore whether combined treatment is effective. Each therapy team will have one therapist trained and experienced in MDMA assisted psychotherapy and one therapist trained and experienced in CBCT. During the first experimental session, both participants will receive 75 mg of MDMA followed 1.5 to 2 hours later by an optional supplemental half-dose of 37.5 mg. During the second experimental session, an initial dose of either 100 or 75 mg of MDMA will be administered to both participants followed by an optional supplemental half-dose of either 50 mg or 37.5 mg. The primary objective of this study is to assess changes in PTSD symptoms from Baseline to Primary Endpoint in CAPS-5 total severity scores in PTSD participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Drug: MDMA Behavioral: CBCT Behavioral: Therapy Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PTSD is a stress-related psychiatric condition that may occur following a traumatic event such as war, disaster, sexual abuse, violence, terrorism, and accidents. PTSD negatively impacts a person's daily life, resulting in relationship difficulties, difficulty in finding and maintaining a job, reduced cognitive and psychosocial functioning, substance abuse, high-cost healthcare use, and increased depression and suicide risk.

3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine is a drug that releases serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain and indirectly increases levels of the neurohormones oxytocin, arginine vasopressin and cortisol. In the context of psychotherapy, MDMA has been noted to reduce defenses and fear of emotional injury while enhancing communication and capacity for introspection.

Cognitive-Behavioral Conjoint Therapy (CBCT) for PTSD is a three-phase, 15-session, manualized treatment. This Phase 1/2 open-label study will combine methods for conducting MDMA-assisted therapy with methods from the CBCT for PTSD in order to treat 10 participants with chronic PTSD and their partners (intimate or non-intimate significant other who does not have a current diagnosis of PTSD) in order to explore whether combined treatment is effective. Each therapy team will have one therapist trained and experienced in MDMA assisted therapy and one therapist trained and experienced in CBCT. During the first experimental session, both participants will receive 75 mg of MDMA followed 1.5 to 2 hours later by an optional supplemental half-dose of 37.5 mg. During the second experimental session, an initial dose of either 100 or 75 mg of MDMA will be administered to both participants followed by an optional supplemental half-dose of either 50 mg or 37.5 mg. The primary objective of this study is to assess changes in PTSD symptoms from Baseline to Primary Endpoint in Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) total severity scores in PTSD participants.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1/2 Open-Label Treatment Development Study of Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-Assisted Cognitive-Behavioral Conjoint Therapy (CBCT) in Dyads in Which 1 Member Has Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Study Start Date : October 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MDMA and CBCT
Cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy and 2 sessions of MDMA-assisted therapy.
Drug: MDMA
Two sessions of MDMA-assisted therapy, one with an initial dose of 75 mg (and optional supplemental dose of 37.5 mg) and the second with 75 or 100 mg MDMA (with optional supplemental dose of either 37.5 mg or 50 mg respectively) given to the participant with PTSD and their significant other.
Other Name: Methylenedioxymethamphetmaine

Behavioral: CBCT
A three-phase, 15-session, manualized treatment from the CBCT manual
Other Name: Cognitive behavioral conjoint therapy

Behavioral: Therapy
Non-directive therapy (from the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies MDMA-assisted therapy treatment manual)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Baseline Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) is a clinician administered and scored assessment of PTSD symptoms via structured interview based upon PTSD diagnosis in DSM-5. It contains symptom subscales, a CAPS-5 total severity score, and a diagnostic score. The total severity score is a sum of symptom frequency and intensity scores for the subscales B (re-experiencing), C (avoidance) and D (hypervigilance) and ranges from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD symptoms.

  2. Primary Endpoint Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) Total Severity Score [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) is a clinician administered and scored assessment of PTSD symptoms via structured interview based upon PTSD diagnosis in DSM-5. It contains symptom subscales, a CAPS-5 total severity score, and a diagnostic score. The total severity score is a sum of symptom frequency and intensity scores for the subscales B (re-experiencing), C (avoidance) and D (hypervigilance) and ranges from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD symptoms.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Baseline Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    Self-reported questionnaire that assesses sleep quality and disturbances. The index looks at subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction. The component scores yield a total score which ranges 0-21 with a higher score indicating worse sleep quality.

  2. Primary Endpoint Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    Self-reported questionnaire that assesses sleep quality and disturbances. The index looks at subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction. The component scores yield a total score which ranges 0-21 with a higher score indicating worse sleep quality.

  3. Baseline Patient Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    BDI-II is a 21-item self reported instrument used to measure severity of depressive symptoms. The BDI-II total score of 0-13 is considered minimal range, 14-19 is mild, 20-28 is moderate, and 29-63 is severe depressive symptoms. The scores range from 0 to 63, with higher score indicating greater severity of depressive symptoms.

  4. Primary Endpoint Patient Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    BDI-II is a 21-item self reported instrument used to measure severity of depressive symptoms. The BDI-II total score of 0-13 is considered minimal range, 14-19 is mild, 20-28 is moderate, and 29-63 is severe depressive symptoms. The scores range from 0 to 63, with higher score indicating greater severity of depressive symptoms.

  5. Baseline Patient Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    The Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) is a self-reported 32-item scale measuring one's satisfaction in a relationship. Questions discuss overall happiness in relationship, extent of agreement/ disagreement between partners, and feelings towards relationships and are scored on a likert scale from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating higher satisfaction in the relationship. Scores range from 0 to 160.

  6. Primary Endpoint Patient Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    The Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) is a self-reported 32-item scale measuring one's satisfaction in a relationship. Questions discuss overall happiness in relationship, extent of agreement/ disagreement between partners, and feelings towards relationships and are scored on a likert scale from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating higher satisfaction in the relationship. Scores range from 0 to 160.

  7. Baseline Partner Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    The Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) is a self-reported 32-item scale measuring one's satisfaction in a relationship. Questions discuss overall happiness in relationship, extent of agreement/ disagreement between partners, and feelings towards relationships and are scored on a likert scale from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating higher satisfaction in the relationship. Scores range from 0 to 160.

  8. Primary Endpoint Partner Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    The Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) is a self-reported 32-item scale measuring one's satisfaction in a relationship. Questions discuss overall happiness in relationship, extent of agreement/ disagreement between partners, and feelings towards relationships and are scored on a likert scale from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating higher satisfaction in the relationship. Scores range from 0 to 160.

  9. Baseline Trauma and Attachment Beliefs Scale (TABS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    TABS is a 84-item self-report scale, which measures responses on a 1 to 6 scale (1 = "Disagree Strongly, 6 = Agree Strongly) the degree to which respondents believe the statements correspond with their own beliefs. The measures of these beliefs relate to self-safety, other-safety, self-trust, other-trust, self-esteem, other-esteem, self-intimacy, other-intimacy, self-control, and other control. A TABS total score is calculated by summing all of the items (range 84 to 504). Higher scores indicate greater disruption.

  10. Primary Endpoint Trauma and Attachment Beliefs Scale (TABS) [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    TABS is a 84-item self-report scale, which measures responses on a 1 to 6 scale (1 = "Disagree Strongly, 6 = Agree Strongly) the degree to which respondents believe the statements correspond with their own beliefs. The measures of these beliefs relate to self-safety, other-safety, self-trust, other-trust, self-esteem, other-esteem, self-intimacy, other-intimacy, self-control, and other control. A TABS total score is calculated by summing all of the items (range 84 to 504). Higher scores indicate greater disruption.

  11. Baseline Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) Reappraisal Subscale [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    ERQ measures self-reported emotional regulation and includes 10 items to assess means of coping with emotions via regulating them through reappraisal or suppression. Items range from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Six of the items are summed to create the reappraisal total score, with total scores ranging from 6 to 42. Higher scores indicate greater emotional reappraisal.

  12. Primary Endpoint Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) Reappraisal Subscale [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    ERQ measures self-reported emotional regulation and includes 10 items to assess means of coping with emotions via regulating them through reappraisal or suppression. Items range from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Six of the items are summed to create the reappraisal total score, with total scores ranging from 6 to 42. Higher scores indicate greater emotional reappraisal.

  13. Baseline Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) Suppression Subscale [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    ERQ measures self-reported emotional regulation and includes 10 items to assess means of coping with emotions via regulating them through reappraisal or suppression. Items range from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Four of the items are summed to create the suppression total score, with total scores ranging from 4 to 28. Higher scores indicate greater emotional suppression.

  14. Primary Endpoint Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) Suppression Subscale [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    ERQ measures self-reported emotional regulation and includes 10 items to assess means of coping with emotions via regulating them through reappraisal or suppression. Items range from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Four of the items are summed to create the suppression total score, with total scores ranging from 4 to 28. Higher scores indicate greater emotional suppression.

  15. Baseline Patient PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    The PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) is a 20-item self-reported questionnaire that follows DSM-5 criteria to assess PTSD presence and severity. Item scores range from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely). A total symptom severity score is determined by summing all items (range 0 to 80). A higher score indicates greater PTSD symptom severity.

  16. Primary Endpoint Patient PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    The PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) is a 20-item self-reported questionnaire that follows DSM-5 criteria to assess PTSD presence and severity. Item scores range from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely). A total symptom severity score is determined by summing all items (range 0 to 80). A higher score indicates greater PTSD symptom severity.

  17. Baseline Partner-rated PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) ]
    The PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) is a 20-item self-reported questionnaire that follows DSM-5 criteria to assess PTSD presence and severity. Item scores range from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely). A total symptom severity score is determined by summing all items (range 0 to 80). A higher score indicates greater PTSD symptom severity.

  18. Primary Endpoint Partner-rated PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) [ Time Frame: Primary Endpoint (Visit 16, approximately 2 months later) ]
    The PTSD Checklist-5 (PCL-5) is a 20-item self-reported questionnaire that follows DSM-5 criteria to assess PTSD presence and severity. Item scores range from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely). A total symptom severity score is determined by summing all items (range 0 to 80). A higher score indicates greater PTSD symptom severity.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All inclusion criteria for the PTSD and Concerned Significant Other (CSO) are identical except for first two items, marked below:
  • PTSD+ participant: Meet DSM-5 criteria for current PTSD and satisfies PTSD criteria via CAPS
  • CSO participant: Meet criteria for V62.89 Other Problem Related to Psychosocial Circumstances under Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5), as determined through clinical interview, for current psychosocial circumstances contributing to relationship distress with intimate or non-intimate partner
  • Are at least 18 years old
  • If in psychotherapy, willing and able to maintain that schedule without changing it
  • Are willing to refrain from taking any psychiatric medications during the study period, with the exception of gabapentin when prescribed for pain control.
  • Willing to remain overnight at the study site
  • Are willing to be driven home the morning after the experimental sessions, after the integrative therapy session
  • Are willing to commit to medication dosing, experimental sessions, follow-up sessions, to complete evaluation instruments and commit to be contacted for all necessary telephone contacts
  • Are willing to remain overnight at the study site after each experimental session until after the integrative session occurring the next morning
  • Must have a negative pregnancy test at study entry and prior to each experimental session if able to bear children, and must agree to use adequate birth control through 10 days after the last dose of MDMA.
  • Must provide a contact (relative, spouse, close friend or other caregiver other than the CSO participant) who is willing and able to be reached by the Clinical Investigators in the event of a participant becoming suicidal.
  • Must agree to inform the Clinical Investigators within 48 hours of any medical conditions and procedures
  • Are proficient in speaking and reading English
  • Agree to have all clinic visit and Integrative Sessions recorded to audio and video
  • Agree to not participate in any other interventional clinical trials during the duration of this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The following exclusions are identical for PTSD+ and CSO participants except for the following, marked below:
  • CSO participant only: Have diagnosis of current PTSD not in remission
  • Are pregnant or nursing, or are women of child bearing potential who are not practicing an effective means of birth control
  • Have evidence or history of significant medical disorders
  • Have hypertension
  • Have liver disease; asymptomatic participants with Hepatitis C who have previously undergone evaluation and successful treatment is permitted.
  • History of hyponatremia or hyperthermia
  • Weigh less than 48 kg
  • Are abusing illegal drugs
  • Are not able to give adequate informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02876172


Locations
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United States, South Carolina
Offices of Michael Mithoefer MD
Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, United States, 29464
Sponsors and Collaborators
Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael C Mithoefer, MD Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies:
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 2, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 7, 2018
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] December 2, 2015

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Responsible Party: Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02876172    
Other Study ID Numbers: MPVA-1
First Posted: August 23, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 19, 2021
Last Update Posted: July 6, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: We plan to share outcome measure data upon request
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: After study data lock
Keywords provided by Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies:
PTSD
therapy
MDMA
dyad
cognitive behavioral therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders