Vinblastine +/- Bevacizumab in Children With Unresectable or Progressive Low Grade Glioma (LGG)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02840409|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2020
- Study Details
- Tabular View
- No Results Posted
- How to Read a Study Record
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Low Grade Glioma||Drug: Vinblastine Drug: Bevacizumab||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||150 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase II, Open-Labeled, Multi-Center, Randomized Controlled Trial of Vinblastine +/- Bevacizumab for the Treatment of Chemotherapy-Naïve Children With Unresectable or Progressive Low Grade Glioma (LGG)|
|Study Start Date :||August 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 2026|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 2026|
Active Comparator: Arm A
68 weeks of single agent Vinblastine administered once weekly IV
Experimental: Arm B
68 weeks of Vinblastine administered weekly IV with the addition of 12 doses of Bevacizumab administered every two weeks IV for the initial 24 weeks.
Other Name: Avastin
- Efficacy of the addition of Bevacizumab to Vinblastine compared with Vinblastine alone in chemotherapy-naïve pediatric patients with unresectable or progressive Low Grade Gliomas as measured by Response Rate (RR). [ Time Frame: 6 months from randomization ]
- Overall survival (OS) at the end of study. [ Time Frame: From the date of study completion (approximately 6.5 years (78 months)) up till the date of death. ]
- To determine 6 month, 12 month and 2 year progression free survival (PFS) between vinblastine alone versus in combination with Bevacizumab. [ Time Frame: At 6 and 12 months and 2 years ]Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) should occur in conjunction with the Visual Field/Acuity exams for participating institutions equipped with OCT.
- To evaluate the difference in visual outcome measures in children with optic pathway gliomas treated with vinblastine alone or in combination with Bevacizumab. [ Time Frame: Every 3 months during treatment, every 3 months for 1 year after completion of treatment, then every 6 months for 4 years. ]
- To determine if the prevalence of cognitive deficits in children and adolescents treated for LGG, is significantly higher than the normative population (> 14%) using the NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery. [ Time Frame: At 1 year off therapy ]Domains include: working memory, executive function, processing speed, episodic memory, and attention
- To determine the effects of Bevacizumab on cognitive function in the pediatric population using the NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery. [ Time Frame: During treatment, 28 days after completing treatment, at 6 months and 1 year off therapy ]The effects of Bevacizumab on cognitive function in the pediatric
- To determine if the prevalence of QOL difficulties in children and adolescents treated for LGG at 1 year off therapy, is significantly higher than the normative population (> 14%). [ Time Frame: At 1 year off therapy ]Domains include: fatigue, physical activity, anxiety, depression, and peer relationships.
- To evaluate the safety of the combination of Vinblastine and Bevacizumab compared with Vinblastine alone in pediatric patients with LGG, focusing on serious adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v 4.03. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
- To define and describe the toxicities of the agents in combination and of single agent Vinblastine in this treatment naïve population as assessed by CTCAE v 4.03. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
- To evaluate the effect of Bevacizumab on growth and puberty by recording patient's height and using the Tanner Scale to measure puberty. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 28 days off therapy, and then annually for 5 years off therapy ]Growth will be analyzed by recording patient's height, following treatment until completion of puberty. Puberty will be measured using the Tanner Scale where Tanner stage V for pubic hair, breast, and genitalia represent mature development and completion of puberty.
- To evaluate the effect of Bevacizumab on fertility. This includes the risk of delay in pubertal development as well as abnormal menstrual status and the risk of primary or secondary amenorrhea and later on the potential effect on pregnancies) assessed by [ Time Frame: Baseline, 28 days off therapy, and then annually for 5 years off therapy ]
- To prospectively determine the role of BRAF mutation/fusion in PLGG and correlate this with outcome and response to therapy. [ Time Frame: Tissue will be submitted prior to study registration for pathology review. ]
- To determine the presence and prognostic significance of other mutations, including RAF1, FGFR1, MYB, MYBL1, PTPN11, NTRK2, H3F3A, ATRX and CDNK2A deletions among others. [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected at Baseline. ]
- To stratify PLGG based on methylation profile, using methylation arrays. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
- To determine demographic (e.g., SES, gender), disease (e.g., risk status), treatment, and behavioral predictors of neurocognitive and QOL deficits as measured by the NIH Toolbox Cognitive and PROMIS batteries in children and adolescents with LGG. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
- To determine the prevalence of cognitive deficits in PLGG population. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
- To examine the role of vascularity (including MVD) in PLGG and investigate potential biomarkers to assist in determining the population of best responders to anti-angiogenic therapy in PLGG. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
- To assess the use of novel MR biomarkers to assess disease response in these patients and to correlate these with traditional imaging tools. [ Time Frame: Through study completion which is approximately 6.5 years (78 months) ]
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||6 Months to 18 Years (Child, Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Children and adolescents aged 6 months to < 18 years old with Low Grade Glioma (See Appendix I).
- All patients must submit tumour tissue (fresh tumour tissue is recommended) and have pathological confirmation of LGG and determination of BRAF characteristics from the Hospital for Sick Children. Exceptions will be made for patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 who have not previously had a biopsy. NF1 patients are eligible without tissue confirmation but must have definitive clinical or radiographic evidence of tumour progression or risk for significant neurologic deterioration requiring immediate therapy. If a tissue sample for NF1 patients is available from a previous biopsy, it is required to be submitted for Central Review at the Hospital for Sick Children. Please refer to the lab manual for further details.
- Patients must have progressive disease following surgical excision based on clear radiological or clinical evidence of progression, or an incomplete excision (< 95% or > 1.0 cm2 residual tumour) with necessity to begin treatment because of a risk of neurological impairment with progression.
- All patients on study must have measurable tumour (>1.0 cm2 of residual tissue if resection has been performed) within 28 days of enrollment.
- Patients must have received no prior therapy including chemotherapy, biological modifiers and/or radiation treatment for the tumour with the exception of surgery.
- Patient is able to start treatment within 14 working days after randomization.
- Post pubertal teenagers who are sexually active agree to use two methods of contraception during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug. Please refer to Appendix V for a list of acceptable methods of contraception.
- Lansky performance status > 50% for patients < 16 years of age. Karnofsky performance status > 50% for patients ≥ 16 years of age.
- Patients with neurologic deficits must have deficits that are stable for a minimum of 1 week prior to enrollment.
- Patients receiving corticosteroids must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 1 week prior to enrollment.
- Life expectancy > 2 months at the time of enrollment.
- Parents/guardians must provide written informed consent and to agree that they (and the patient) will comply with the study protocol.
- Written assent by patient according to institutional guidelines.
Patients must have adequate bone marrow function within 2 weeks prior to enrollment:
- Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL (may be supported )
- Neutrophil count ≥ 1.0 × 109/L
- Platelet count ≥ 100 × 109/L (transfusion independent)
- Patients not on a therapeutic dose of an anti-coagulant must have an INR ≤ 1.5 and an aPTT ≤ 1.5x institutional ULN for age within 2 weeks prior to enrollment. Anti-coagulation is permitted prior to enrollment on the condition that the patient is, according to the local clinical practice guidelines or approved product labeling, adequately anti-coagulated prior to enrollment.
Patients must have satisfactory liver function within 2 weeks prior to enrollment:
- AST ≤ 3x institutional ULN for age
- ALT ≤ 3x institutional ULN for age
- Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5x institutional ULN for age
Patients must have satisfactory renal parameters and meet the following criteria within 2 weeks prior to enrollment :
- Serum creatinine must be ≤ 1.5x ULN for age. If the serum creatinine is > 1.5 × ULN, the glomerular filtration rate (either estimated or formal) must be >90 mL/min/1.73 m2, for patient to be enrolled.
- Absence of clinically significant proteinuria, as defined by screening of the early morning urine (urine protein < 1g/L and/or albumin/creatinine ratio < 1.0 (mg/mmol)). If urine protein ≥ 1g/L, then Urine Protein Creatinine (UPC) ratio should be calculated. If UPC ratio > 0.5, 24-hour urine protein should be obtained and the level should be < 1000 mg/24 hours for patient enrollment. Note: UPC ratio of spot urine is an estimation of the 24 urine protein excretion - a UPC ratio of 1 is roughly equivalent to a 24-hour urine protein of 1 g. UPC ratio is calculated using one of the following formulas:
[urine protein]/[urine creatinine] - if both protein and creatinine are reported in mg/dL or [(urine protein) x0.088]/[urine creatinine] - if urine creatinine is reported in mmol/L
Quality of Life Correlative Study Inclusion Criteria (Optional):
- Age ≥ 3 and < 18 years.
- English- or Spanish-speaking.
- No known history of a significant neurodevelopmental disorder prior to diagnosis of LGG (e.g., Down syndrome, Fragile X, William's Syndrome, mental retardation). Patients with NF1 are not excluded.
- No significant motor or sensory impairment that would prevent computer use and perception of the visual and auditory test stimuli.
- Children under 6 months of age.
- Pregnant or lactating females.
- Use of any investigational agent, systemic, targeted or immunotherapy prior to the first dose of study treatment.
- Any bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy at risk of bleeding (i.e. in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation).
- Patients with evidence of new symptomatic CNS hemorrhage (> grade I) on baseline MRI.
- Any significant cardiovascular disease, e.g. aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or recent arterial thrombosis, CVAs, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), and systemic hypertension (i.e., a systolic and diastolic BP ≥ 95th percentile for age, sex), prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy or stroke, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia within 6 months prior to enrollment .
- Any previous venous thromboembolism Grade 3 or higher (NCI CTCAE v. 4.03).
- History of abdominal fistula, GI perforation, intra-abdominal abscess or active GI bleeding within 6 months prior to the first study treatment.
- Unresolved infection.
- An active peptic or duodenal ulcer.
- Major surgical procedure (see Table 3 section 6.1.7), brain surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to enrollment or the anticipation of the need for major (elective) surgery during the course of the study treatment.
- Intermediate surgical procedure (see Table 3 section 6.1.7) within 2 weeks of enrollment.
- Minor surgical procedures (see Table 3 section 6.1.7) within 3 days prior to the start of treatment (including the placement of a central line, including PICC line). Insertion of a port-a-cath will require a 7-day interval prior to the start of treatment.
- Non-healing surgical wound.
- A bone fracture that has not satisfactorily healed.
Concomitant use of the following:
- Aspirin (> 325mg/day) within 10 days of enrollment
- Clopidogrel (> 75mg/day) within 10 days of enrollment
- Use of therapeutic oral or parenteral anticoagulants or thrombolytic agents for therapeutic purposes with INR and aPTT outside therapeutic standards according to institutional guidelines within 10 days of first dose of Bevacizumab. Note: The use of full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants is permitted as long as the INR or aPTT is within therapeutic limits (according to the medical standard of the institution) and the patient has been on a stable dose of anticoagulants for at least two weeks at the time of the Baseline Visit. Prophylactic use of anticoagulants is allowed.
- Hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell products or other recombinant human or humanized antibodies.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02840409
|Contact: Emily Taylor||416-813-7654 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Eric Bouffet, MD||The Hospital for Sick Children|
|Responsible Party:||Eric Bouffet, Staff Physician, Paediatric Neuro-Oncology Program, The Hospital for Sick Children|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||July 21, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||March 13, 2020|
|Last Verified:||March 2020|
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action