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The Effect of Menu Labels on Calories Ordered in Hispanics

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02804503
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 17, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 17, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Meena Shah, Texas Christian University

Brief Summary:
Most studies on menu labels have been conducted in mostly non-Hispanic white individuals, and how menu labels affect calories and macronutrients ordered in Hispanics is not clearly understood. This study evaluated the impact of menu labels on calories and macronutrients ordered in Hispanics.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Food Selection Behavioral: Calorie Labels Behavioral: Exercise Labels Behavioral: No Labels Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
According to review studies, calorie labels on menus is not effective in reducing the number of calories ordered or consumed. Adding contextual information such as the energy needs per meal or interpretive information such as minutes of walking needed to burn the food calories or rank-ordering the food items from the lowest to the highest calorie content may be more effective in making food selections with fewer calories. Most studies on menu labels have, however, been conducted in mostly non-Hispanic white individuals, and how menu labels affect food choices in Hispanics in not well understood. This study evaluated the impact of menu labels on calories and macronutrients ordered in Hispanics by randomly assigning the participants to a menu with no labels (no labels), a menu with rank ordered calorie labels and a statement on the energy needs per meal (calorie labels), and a menu with rank ordered exercise labels (exercise labels). Calories and macronutrients ordered by the participants was assessed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 372 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effect of Menu Labels on Food Choices in Hispanics
Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Calorie Labels
A menu with rank ordered calorie labels and a statement on the energy needs per meal.
Behavioral: Calorie Labels
Participants were asked to order food from the assigned menu as if they were having lunch in a fast food restaurant.

Experimental: Exercise Labels
A menu with rank ordered exercise labels showing minutes of brisk walking necessary to burn the food calories.
Behavioral: Exercise Labels
Participants were asked to order food from the assigned menu as if they were having lunch in a fast food restaurant.

Active Comparator: No Labels
A menu with no labels
Behavioral: No Labels
Participants were asked to order food from the assigned menu as if they were having lunch in a fast food restaurant.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Calories Ordered [ Time Frame: 20-30 minutes ]
    Calories content of the food items ordered from the assigned menu was calculated.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Macronutrients ordered [ Time Frame: 20-30 minutes ]
    Macronutrients content of the food items ordered from the assigned menu was calculated.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hispanics ages 18 through 65 years.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Not being able to read and write in either English or Spanish; pregnant or lactating women.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02804503


Locations
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United States, Texas
Meena Shah
Fort Worth, Texas, United States, 76129
Sponsors and Collaborators
Texas Christian University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Meena Shah, Ph.D. Tzu Chi University

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Meena Shah, Professor, Texas Christian University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02804503    
Other Study ID Numbers: CT2016MS1
First Posted: June 17, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 17, 2016
Last Verified: June 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No