Play as a Method to Reduce Overweight and Obesity in Children. (Kids-Play)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02779647|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 20, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2019
Introduction Overweight and obesity are characterised by excess fat, which results in weight gain and is identified by the Body Mass Index (BMI). Studies show that overweight and obesity are the result of a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors, which begins prenatally. Various studies have shown that physical exercise is an important component of weight loss programmes and that it also benefits the metabolic profile. Other authors have reported that greater weight loss is achieved by a programme that includes both diet and exercise, rather than either of these alone.
Aim The aim of this study is to analyse an intervention based on play as a means of improving the body composition of children with overweight or obesity.
Design / Method The design of the Kids-Play study is based on cases and controls. The study was conducted in Granada (Spain) The analysis sample of 98 children was divided into two groups: cases, consisting of 49 children, who participated in an intervention programme based on physical activity, play and nutritional advice (to both the child and the parents); and controls, another 49 children, who received only nutritional advice.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Childhood Obesity Sleep Apnea in Obese Children Studying Maternal and Family Factors That Cause Obesity in Children||Behavioral: The intervention consisted of physical activity based on play||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||98 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Play as a Method to Reduce Overweight and Obesity in Children. Kids-Play Study.|
|Actual Study Start Date :||June 1, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 1, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 1, 2017|
Experimental: Study group
Consisting of 49 children who were recommended a programme of physical activity, play and nutritional advice, for both the children and their parents
Behavioral: The intervention consisted of physical activity based on play
The intervention consisted of physical activity based on play, with four 90-minute sessions per week for nine months (the school year). The total of sessions was 144, the minimum number of sessions to consider valid that a child has completed the intervention was 115 (80%) in order to perform the minimum level of physical activity recommended for their ages. In parallel, twice-monthly theoretical and practical sessions of nutritional advice were given to the children and their families. The study group performed the physical activity and received the nutritional advice, while the control group received only the theoretical and practical sessions on nutrition.
No Intervention: Control group
49 children, who received only nutritional advice
- Children's body composition [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The children's body composition was measured before and after the intervention, by bioelectrical impedance and using the InBody 720 body composition analyser.
- The level of daily physical activity [ Time Frame: 1 month ]The level of daily physical activity was assessed using ActiGraph wGT3X-BT accelerometers, which were worn on the right hip by all children in the study population for seven days, except during the hours of sleep. In this way it was possible to objectively analyse whether the study group met the WHO recommended levels of activity for their age group, and to determine the differences between cases and controls.
- Sleep apnea [ Time Frame: 6 month ]Sleep apnea has been measured by sleep polygraphy.