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Effect of Spirulina on Liver Iron Concentration in Beta Thalassemic Children With Hepatitis C

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02744560
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Professor Mohamed Elshanshory, Tanta University

Brief Summary:
Thalassemics can develop liver fibrosis because of iron overload and hepatitis C infection. The latter is the main risk factor for liver fibrosis in transfusion dependent thalassemics. Excess liver iron is clearly recognized as a co factor for the development of advanced fibrosis in patients with hepatitis virus C infection. Magnetic resonance imaging represents the most available noninvasive technique to assess the level of iron in the liver.there is evidence that suggests Spirulina may help to protect against liver damage, cirrhosis and liver failure in those with chronic liver disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Beta Thalassemia Major Dietary Supplement: spirulina Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Effect of Spirulina on Liver Iron Concentration in Beta Thalassemic Children With Hepatitis C
Study Start Date : March 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: patients
30 multitransfused beta thalassemic children infected with hepatitis C virus diagnosed by serological detection of HCV-antibodies and HCV RNA by polymerase chain reaction will be given Spirulina in a dose of 250 mg/kg/day orally for 3 months.
Dietary Supplement: spirulina
Spirulina in a dose of 250 mg/kg/day will be given orally for 3 months.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. liver iron concentration using magnetic resonance imaging (T2* gradient echo pulse sequence in the axial plane) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • multitransfused beta thalassemic children with super added hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection diagnosed by serological detection of HCV antibodies and HCV RNA by polymerase chain reaction.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • liver decompensation child younger than 3 years patients with hepatitis B infection contraindications to perform MRI (intraocular metallic foreign body, cardiac pacemaker, intracranial clips of arterial brain aneurysms) refusal to participate in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02744560

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Faculty of Medicine- Tanta University
Tanta, Gharbia, Egypt, 0000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tanta University
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Responsible Party: Professor Mohamed Elshanshory, head of pediatric hematology and oncology unit, Tanta University Identifier: NCT02744560    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3026/01/15
First Posted: April 20, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis C
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Blood-Borne Infections
Communicable Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn