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Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Switching From Regimens Consisting of Boosted Atazanavir or Darunavir Plus Either Emtricitabine/Tenofovir or Abacavir/Lamivudine to Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide in Virologically Suppressed HIV-1 Infected Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02603107
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 11, 2015
Results First Posted : June 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 29, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of switching to a fixed-dose combination (FDC) of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) versus continuing on a regimen consisting of boosted atazanavir (ATV) or darunavir (DRV) plus either emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) or abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) in HIV-1 infected adults who are virologically suppressed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV-1 Infection Drug: RTV Drug: ATV Drug: DRV Drug: COBI Drug: ATV/co Drug: DRV/co Drug: FTC/TDF Drug: ABC/3TC Drug: B/F/TAF Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 578 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Switching From Regimens Consisting of Boosted Atazanavir or Darunavir Plus Either Emtricitabine/Tenofovir or Abacavir/Lamivudine to GS-9883/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide in Virologically Suppressed HIV-1 Infected Adults
Actual Study Start Date : November 20, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 15, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 23, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: B/F/TAF

Randomized Phase: Bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) for at least 48 weeks, without regard to food.

Extension Phase: After Week 48, participants in countries where B/F/TAF is not available will be given the option to receive B/F/TAF for up to 96 additional weeks or until the product becomes accessible to participants through an access program, or until Gilead Sciences elects to discontinue the study in that country, whichever occurs first.

Drug: B/F/TAF
50/200/25 mg FDC tablet administered orally once daily without regard to food
Other Name: Biktarvy®

Experimental: Stay on Baseline Regimen (SBR)

Randomized Phase: Participants remained on current antiretroviral (ARV) regimen consisting of ritonavir (RTV)-boosted or cobicistat (COBI)-boosted atazanavir (ATV) or darunavir (DRV), plus either emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) or abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) for at least 48 weeks with food.

Extension Phase: After Week 48, participants in countries where B/F/TAF is not available will be given the option to receive B/F/TAF for up to 96 additional weeks or until the product becomes accessible to participants through an access program, or until Gilead Sciences elects to discontinue the study in that country, whichever occurs first.

Drug: RTV
100 mg capsule coadministered orally with ATV or DRV once daily with food

Drug: ATV
300 mg capsule administered orally once daily with food

Drug: DRV
800 mg tablet administered orally once daily with food

Drug: COBI
150 mg tablet coadministered orally with ATV or DRV once daily with food
Other Names:
  • Tybost®
  • GS-9350

Drug: ATV/co
300/150 mg FDC tablet administered orally once daily with food
Other Name: Evotaz®

Drug: DRV/co
800/150 mg FDC tablet administered orally once daily with food
Other Name: Prezcobix®

Drug: FTC/TDF
200/300 mg FDC tablet administered orally once daily without regard to food
Other Name: Truvada®

Drug: ABC/3TC
600/300 mg tablet administered orally once daily with or without regard to food

Drug: B/F/TAF
50/200/25 mg FDC tablet administered orally once daily without regard to food
Other Name: Biktarvy®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA ≥ 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 as Determined by the FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA ≥ 50 copies/mL at Week 48 was analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 as Determined by the FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 48 was analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.

  2. Change From Baseline in CD4 Cell Count at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 48 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Currently receiving a once daily antiretroviral regimen consisting of ritonavir or cobicistat boosted ATV or DRV plus either FTC/TDF or ABC/3TC for ≥ 6 months preceding the screening visit
  • Adequate renal function:

    • Estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 50 mL/min (≥ 0.83 mL/sec) according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Life expectancy ≥ 1 year
  • Currently on a stable regimen for ≥ 6 months preceding the screening visit with documented plasma HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL for ≥ 6 months preceding the screening visit (or undetectable HIV-1 RNA level according to the local assay being used if the limit of detection is ≥ 50 copies/mL). Prior changes in antiretroviral regimen are only allowed due to tolerability issues or for regimen simplification. Unconfirmed virologic elevations of ≥ 50 copies/mL (transient detectable viremia, or "blip") prior to screening are acceptable. (If the lower limit of detection of the local HIV-1 RNA assay is < 50 copies/mL [e.g., < 20 copies/mL], the plasma HIV-1 RNA level cannot exceed 50 copies/mL on two consecutive HIV-1 RNA tests)
  • Have no documented or suspected resistance to FTC, tenofovir, ABC or 3TC, including but not limited to the reverse transcriptase resistance mutations K65R and M184V/I
  • No previous use of any approved or experimental integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • An opportunistic illness indicative of stage 3 HIV diagnosed within the 30 days prior to screening
  • Individuals experiencing decompensated cirrhosis (eg, ascites, encephalopathy, or variceal bleeding)
  • Have been treated with immunosuppressant therapies or chemotherapeutic agents within 3 months of study screening, or expected to receive these agents or systemic steroids during the study (eg, corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, and other immune- or cytokine based therapies)
  • Current alcohol or substance use judged by the Investigator to potentially interfere with subject study compliance
  • A history of or ongoing malignancy (including untreated carcinoma in-situ) other than cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), basal cell carcinoma, or resected, non-invasive cutaneous squamous carcinoma. Individuals with biopsy-confirmed cutaneous KS are eligible, but must not have received any systemic therapy for KS within 30 days of Day 1 and are not anticipated to require systemic therapy during the study
  • Active, serious infections (other than HIV 1 infection) requiring parenteral antibiotic or antifungal therapy within 30 days prior to Day 1
  • Participation in any other clinical trial, including observational studies, without prior approval from the sponsor is prohibited while participating in this trial
  • Any other clinical condition or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make the individual unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with the dosing requirements
  • Any known allergies to the excipients of B/F/TAF FDC or ATV, RTV, DRV, COBI, FTC/TDF or ABC/3TC
  • Females who are pregnant (as confirmed by positive serum pregnancy test)
  • Females who are breastfeeding
  • Acute hepatitis in the 30 days prior to study entry
  • Chronic hepatitis B infection in individuals not on a TDF containing regimen, as determined by either:

    • Positive hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen and negative HBV surface antibody, regardless of HBV core antibody status, at the screening visit
    • Positive HBV core antibody and negative HBV surface antibody, regardless of HBV surface antigen status, at the screening visit
  • Active tuberculosis infection

Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02603107


Locations
Show Show 119 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
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Study Director: Gilead Study Director Gilead Sciences
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Gilead Sciences:
Study Protocol: Original  [PDF] October 21, 2015
Study Protocol: Amendment 1  [PDF] February 19, 2016
Study Protocol: Amendment 2  [PDF] October 19, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan: Week 48  [PDF] May 16, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan: Final  [PDF] April 24, 2020

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02603107    
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-US-380-1878
2015-004011-20 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 6, 2018
Last Update Posted: December 29, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Qualified external researchers may request IPD for this study after study completion. For more information, please visit our website at https://www.gilead.com/science-and-medicine/research/clinical-trials-transparency-and-data-sharing-policy.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: 18 months after study completion
Access Criteria: A secured external environment with username, password, and RSA code.
URL: https://www.gilead.com/science-and-medicine/research/clinical-trials-transparency-and-data-sharing-policy

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cobicistat mixture with darunavir
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors