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Tecarfarin Anti-Coagulation Trial (TACT) (TACT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02522221
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 13, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Espero Biopharma

Brief Summary:
TACT is a "real world" randomized controlled trial of tecarfarin, a novel vitamin K antagonist, vs. warfarin. The quality of anticoagulation control will be compared for the two groups of subjects who require chronic oral anticoagulation for a broad panel of indications.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Thromboembolism Thrombosis Drug: Warfarin Drug: tecarfarin Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This will be a randomized, parallel-arm, open-label study comparing the safety and efficacy of tecarfarin and warfarin in approximately 1000 subjects who have an indication for chronic oral anticoagulation. The study will be fully enriched with subjects who are taking at least one CYP2C9-interacting medication and have either chronic kidney disease stage 3 or 4 and/or a genetic variant allele for CYP2C9. The study will be conducted at approximately 140 sites with experience in the management of anticoagulation subjects. Eligible subjects will be randomized to receive either tecarfarin or warfarin for a period ranging from 6 months to a maximum of approximately 24 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A "Real-World", Randomized, Open-Label, Study on the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Tecarfarin (ATI-5923) a Novel Vitamin K Antagonist, Versus Warfarin in Subjects Requiring Chronic Anticoagulation
Estimated Study Start Date : June 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tecarfarin
Tecarfarin will be administered and dose adjusted by the investigator. Dose adjustments will be made in accordance with a target INR range pre-specified by the investigator.
Drug: tecarfarin
Tecarfarin is an oral vitamin K antagonist anticoagulant
Other Name: ATI-5923

Active Comparator: Warfarin
Warfarin will be administered and dose adjusted by the investigator. Dose adjustments will be made in accordance with a target INR range pre-specified by the investigator.
Drug: Warfarin
Warfarin is an oral vitamin K antagonist anticoagulant.
Other Name: Coumadin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of time in the therapeutic range (TTR) for tecarfarin vs. warfarin for each treatment group in the randomized population [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months (1st month not included) ]
    Interpolated and observed TTR will be calculated for the two treatment groups


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage TTR for tecarfarin vs. warfarin in the sub-population of patients who are taking a CYP2C9-interacting medication and have a CYP2C9 genotype variant allele [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months (1st month not included) ]
    Interpolated and observed TTR will be calculated for the two treatment groups

  2. Percentage TTR for tecarfarin vs warfarin for the sub-population of patients who are taking a CYP2C9-interacting medication and have chronic kidney disease stage 3 or 4 (eGFR ≥ 15 to <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months (1st month not included) ]
    Interpolated and observed TTR will be calculated for the two treatment groups

  3. Percentage of patients with INR > 4.0 for tecarfarin vs. warfarin [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months (1st month not included) ]
    Percentage of observations of patients with INR > 4.0 will be calculated for the two treatment groups

  4. Percentage of patients with INR > 5.0 [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months (1st month not included) ]
    Percentage of observations of patients with INR > 5.0 will be calculated for the two treatment groups

  5. Time to first embolic event for tecarfarin vs. warfarin [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months ]
    Time from enrollment until any embolic event (CVA, pulmonary embolism, peripheral embolism) while enrolled will be calculated for the two groups


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. The primary safety endpoint of this study is the time to the first BARC category 3-5 bleeding event. [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months ]
    BARC category 3-5 bleeding events will be compared for the two treatment groups

  2. The secondary safety endpoint of this study is the time to the first BARC category 2-5 bleeding event [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until study termination, up to 24 months ]
    BARC category 2-5 bleeding events will be compared for the two treatment groups



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

General Screening Inclusion Criteria

  1. Is male or female and at least 18 years of age.
  2. Is able and willing to sign an IRB-approved written informed consent.
  3. Is able and willing to follow instructions, to comply with protocol requirements, and to attend required study visits.
  4. Is taking a CYP2C9-interacting medication (inhibitor, substrate, or inducer; see list in Appendix A) at the time of randomization and is expected to receive this medication chronically for the duration of the trial.
  5. Has either

    1. Chronic kidney disease stage 3 or 4 (eGFR ≥ 15 to <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at Screening based on central laboratory) and/or
    2. A CYP2C9 genotype variant allele
  6. (Only for warfarin experienced patients) Patient is considered poorly controlled on warfarin therapy as judged by the investigator, e.g. has at least 2 INR values out of target range within previous 12 months Anticoagulation-Related Inclusion Criteria
  7. Requires chronic anticoagulation therapy.
  8. Is willing to receive chronic anticoagulation investigational therapy for the duration of the study or, for warfarin-naïve DVT subjects, treating physician prescribed at least a 6-month treatment period with an oral anticoagulation agent.
  9. Has one or more of the following indications for chronic oral anticoagulation:

    1. Atrial fibrillation/flutter (paroxysmal, persistent or permanent), not due to a reversible cause, documented by electrocardiography (ECG)
    2. Aortic and/or mitral prosthetic HV
    3. History of venous thromboembolic disease
    4. History of myocardial infarction or cardiomyopathy
    5. Any another indication for which warfarin is approved or recommended, with Sponsor approval
  10. Conforms to the following restrictions regarding vitamin-K containing dietary supplements:

    1. If taking at Baseline (Visit 2), is willing to continue with consistent doses throughout the study
    2. If not taking at Baseline (Visit 2), is willing to abstain from such supplements throughout the study

General Exclusion Criteria

  1. Is pregnant, nursing, or a woman of childbearing potential who cannot assure that they will not become pregnant for the duration of the study.
  2. Has been treated with an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, at time of screening.

    Safety-Related Exclusion Criteria

  3. Has a life expectancy <1 year
  4. Is age >85 years
  5. Has severe end-organ disease, such as:

    1. Estimated GFR (eGFR) < 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 at Screening per the central laboratory
    2. Is on dialysis
    3. Is expected to be on dialysis or receive kidney transplant within 6 months of screening
    4. Advanced pulmonary disease requiring home oxygen
    5. NYHA class IV heart failure
    6. Severe psychiatric disorder such as advanced dementia
  6. Has a history of ischemic stroke without residual neurologic deficit within the last 3 months, prior major ischemic stroke with residual neurologic deficit, or any history of intracranial bleeding
  7. Is an ongoing alcohol or substance abuser
  8. Has anemia (screening hemoglobin <9 g/dL) For subjects who have received a MHV within 4 weeks of Screening, who have no active bleeding, and whose hemoglobin is stable, a Screening hemoglobin as low as 8 g/dL is allowed.

    For subjects with severe CKD (eGFR ≥ 15 to <30 mL/min/1.73 m2), who have no active bleeding, and whose hemoglobin is stable, a Screening hemoglobin as low as 8 g/dL is allowed.

  9. Has thrombocytopenia (screening platelet count <90,000 x 103/microL)
  10. Has a history of or presence of any illness or condition, which, in the judgment of the Investigator, may compromise the safety of the subject during Study Drug administration.

    Anticoagulation-related Exclusion Criteria

  11. Has active bleeding or lesions at risk of bleeding such as gastric ulceration, colonic or cerebral arterio-venous malformations, cerebral or aortic aneurysms, pericarditis or endocarditis
  12. Except for MHV replacement surgery and related or concurrent procedures, has recently (<14 days from Screening) undergone non-thromboembolic surgery or other invasive procedures such as lumbar puncture.
  13. Has blood dyscrasias or inherited disorders of hemostasis.
  14. Has a history of hemorrhagic tendencies or prior serious hemorrhagic events such as hemorrhage within the cranium, eye, spinal cord, retroperitoneum.
  15. Has active gross hematuria or gastrointestinal bleeding
  16. Has a history of gross hematuria or gastrointestinal bleeding within the past 6 months prior to Screening. (Note: Investigators may enroll patients with such bleeding episodes if they are resolved at least 4 weeks prior to screening and if the benefits of anticoagulation outweigh the risks using accepted risk stratification methods such as HASBLED.)
  17. Has received concomitant therapy with other anticoagulant or antiplatelet agents, such as clopidogrel, prasugrel, ticlopidine, dipyridamole, heparin or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that cannot be discontinued prior to initiating tecarfarin/warfarin dosing, unless use of such drugs is necessary as part of bridging/transitioning during the first several days of Study Drug administration.

    Daily use of 81 - 100 mg aspirin and intermittent or chronic use of the selective COX-2 inhibitors celecoxib and valdecoxib is allowed.

  18. Has congenital or acquired coagulant inhibitors present which would interfere with the use of the INR, eg:

    1. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome or positive lupus anticoagulant
    2. Abnormally prolonged prothrombin time, in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation, due to an endogenous inhibitor

Responsible Party: Espero Biopharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02522221     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CLN-511
First Posted: August 13, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 25, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Espero Biopharma:
chronic anticoagulation
vitamin K antagonist
mechanical heart valve
CYP2C9
warfarin
tecarfarin
chronic kidney disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Thrombosis
Thromboembolism
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vitamins
Vitamin K
Warfarin
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anticoagulants
Antifibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hemostatics
Coagulants