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Southwest Health Extension Partnership to Enhance Research Dissemination

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02515578
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 5, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of New Mexico
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:
Heart disease and strokes cause one in three deaths reported each year in the United States. Primary care practices need to implement new research findings that help decrease patients' risk for heart disease and stroke. This project will help to build primary care practice capacity for quality improvement and change management in small and medium size primary care practices in Colorado and New Mexico. This project will also help practices implement patient-centered outcomes research findings.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cardiovascular Diseases Other: Enhanced practice transformation support Other: Standard practice transformation support Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes one in three deaths reported each year in the United States. Strategies derived from patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) that address CVD risk factors can greatly reduce the burden of CVD. Primary care practices must transform to deliver a higher level of PCOR evidence-based prevention to decrease cardiovascular risk. PCOR interventions that emphasize patient-centered care including self-management support, team-based care, improved information systems, and active quality improvement have been shown to be effective. Practices often require assistance integrating new programs into clinical operations. Practice facilitation has been shown to enhance implementation of new programs for patients with chronic disease in primary care. Other methods of practice support, including academic detailing, collaborative learning sessions, and health information technology assistance, have also been shown to be effective, by themselves and in combination with practice facilitation. Patient involvement may also aid practice transformation. Increasingly, practices are actively including patients as part of the change process through the creation of patient advisory councils and including patients in practice quality improvement teams. Another method of patient involvement to inform implementation of evidence-based care is the Boot Camp Translation process, in which patients collaborate with primary care clinicians, staff members, and community members to translate best practices into culturally and community relevant implementation at the local level. However, while these efforts have had considerable success, no study has looked at the incremental value of adding patient engagement strategies to the more standard approaches to practice transformation listed above. This project would implement the Southwest Health Extension Program to Enhance Research Dissemination (SHEPERD) as a cooperative program to build primary care practice capacity for quality improvement, change management, and implementation of PCOR findings in small and medium size primary care practices in Colorado and New Mexico, with an initial focus on cardiovascular care. It also would conduct a cluster randomized trial with an external matched cohort control group to examine the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance of two approaches to practice transformation to implement PCOR interventions for reducing cardiovascular risks in primary care practices, comparing the impact of 1) a standard practice transformation support intervention (including practice facilitation, practice assessment with feedback, HIT assistance, academic detailing, and collaborative learning sessions) to 2) an approach that adds patient engagement activities (including patient advisory councils and boot camp translation) as part of the practice transformation support. This project will provide critical information regarding the added value of patient engagement in practice transformation efforts and will also result in a network of practices across the region with increased capacity for practice transformation and implementation of PCOR findings.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Southwest Health Extension Partnership to Enhance Research Dissemination
Actual Study Start Date : October 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard practice transformation support
Primary care practices will receive a cardiovascular care toolkit, practice facilitation, practice assessment with feedback, health information technology assistance, academic detailing, and periodic collaborative learning sessions
Other: Standard practice transformation support
Experimental: Enhanced practice transformation support
Primary care practices will receive practice facilitation, practice assessment with feedback, health information technology assistance, academic detailing, and periodic collaborative learning sessions PLUS patient advisory council support and a modified cardiovascular care toolkit based on combined practice and patient input regarding the local context.
Other: Enhanced practice transformation support



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of documentation of aspirin therapy in patients with ischemic vascular disease. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months from baseline ]
    The percent of patients aged 18 years and older with Ischemic Vascular Disease (IVD) with documented use of aspirin or other antithrombotic. This is a practice-level indicator of documentation of care processes for cardiovascular disease.

  2. Change of documentation of blood pressure in patients with a diagnosis of hypertension. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months from baseline ]
    The percent of patients aged 18 - 85 who had a diagnosis of hypertension (HTN) and whose blood pressure (BP) was adequately controlled (<140/90) during the measurement year. This is a practice-level indicator of documentation of care processes for cardiovascular disease.

  3. Change of documentation of blood pressure in patients with adequately controlled blood pressure. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months from baseline ]
    The percent of patients aged 18 - 85 who had a diagnosis of hypertension (HTN) and whose blood pressure (BP) was adequately controlled (age 18-59 and/or people with diabetes or chronic kidney disease <140/90; age 60-85 <150/90) during the measurement year. This is a practice-level indicator of documentation of care processes for cardiovascular disease.

  4. Change of documentation of fasting LDL in patients with a fasting LDL at or below the LDL goal. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months from baseline ]
    The percent of patients aged 20 - 79 who had a fasting LDL test performed and whose risk-stratified fasting LDL is at or below the recommended LDL goal. This is a practice-level indicator of documentation of care processes for cardiovascular disease.

  5. Change of documentation of patients who had a fasting LDL test performed and prescribed a statin based on risk. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months from baseline ]
    The percent of patients aged 20 - 79 who had a fasting LDL test performed and who are prescribed a recommended dose of statin based on risk status if indicated. This is a practice-level indicator of documentation of care processes for cardiovascular disease.

  6. Change of documentation of patients screened about tobacco use. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months from baseline ]
    The percent of patients aged 18 years or older screened about tobacco use one or more times within 24 months AND who received cessation counseling intervention if identified as a tobacco user. This is a practice-level indicator of documentation of care processes for cardiovascular disease.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of the documentation in primary care practice's. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 and 15 months from baseline ]
    This primary care practice capacity to implement PCOR findings and improve quality and implementation of the planned comprehensive approach. The measure is based on practice-level scores of change process capacity, adaptive reserve, clinician experience and implementation of patient-centered medical home components.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 89 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be staff or clinicians (including physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) in an enrolled primary care practice
  • Primary care practices must be family medicine or general internal medicine practices with a maximum of ten lead clinicians
  • Primary care practices must be either independent or, if part of a larger organization, demonstrate on careful screening that they do not receive significant quality improvement support from the larger organization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Primary care practices with more than 10 lead clinicians
  • Non-independent primary care practices that receive significant quality improvement support from their system or organization
  • Clinicians and staff who do not speak or read English

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02515578


Locations
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United States, Colorado
University of Colorado, Denver
Denver, Colorado, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
University of New Mexico
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: W. Perry Dickinson, MD University of Colorado, Denver
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02515578    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-0403
First Posted: August 5, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 18, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
Primary Health Care
Cardiovascular Diseases
Quality Improvement
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cardiovascular Diseases