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Dose-Escalation Study Of Palbociclib + Nab-Paclitaxel In mPDAC

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02501902
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 17, 2015
Results First Posted : April 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Celgene
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 1, open label, multi center, multiple dose, dose escalation, safety, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of palbociclib in combination with nab-P, in sequential cohorts of adult patients with mPDAC, with MTD expansion cohort(s). Approximately 30-60 patients are expected to be enrolled in the overall study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Drug: Palbociclib Drug: Nab-Paclitaxel Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The study has 2 parts:

• Part A (Dose-Escalation Cohorts): Consecutive cohorts of patients will receive escalating doses of oral palbociclib in combination with intravenous nab-P in 28-day cycles, in order to estimate the MTD(s) of the combination. The starting doses will be 75 mg palbociclib, and 100 mg/m2 nab-P. The observation period for dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) will be from Day 1 to Day 28. Pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of palbociclib and nab-P will also be assessed. Up to approximately 30 patients will be enrolled. The criteria for dose escalation will be based on a modified toxicity probability interval (mTPI) method.

• Part B [MTD Expansion Cohort(s)]: When the MTD(s) of palbociclib plus nab-P has been estimated with confidence, enrollment will proceed into 1 or 2 MTD expansion cohort(s) of up to 20 patients each at the MTD(s). The objective of the MTD expansion cohort(s) will be to provide additional information on safety, tolerability, biomarkers, PD activity, and PK/PD relationship for the combination regimen in order to determine the RP2D. The MTD expansion cohort(s) will only enroll patients who have not received previous treatment for their metastatic disease in order to evaluate preliminary activity of the combination in the target patient population.

All patients (in Part A and B) will receive nab-P intravenously once weekly for 3 weeks out of each 28-day cycle. Palbociclib oral dosing will be once daily on Days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. To allow for PK evaluation of nab-P administered alone, nab-P will be administered on Day -2 for Cycle 1 only. Subsequent cycles will administer both nab-P and palbociclib on Day 1. Alternate dosing schedules for palbociclib may be explored based on emerging PK, PD, and safety data.

Patients will be treated as long as they are clinically benefiting from investigational product without unacceptable toxicity, objective disease progression, or withdrawal of consent. A modified visit schedule will be implemented for patients who are on investigational product for more than 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 76 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: AN OPEN-LABEL PHASE IB STUDY OF PALBOCICLIB (ORAL CDK 4/6 INHIBITOR) PLUS ABRAXANE (REGISTERED) (NAB-PACLITAXEL) IN PATIENTS WITH METASTATIC PANCREATIC DUCTAL ADENOCARCINOMA
Actual Study Start Date : November 23, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 10, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : December 27, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Palbociclib + Nab-Paclitaxel
Palbociclib oral dosing on Days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle. Nab-paclitaxel IV dosing on Days -2, 6, and 13 of Cycle 1, and on Days 1, 8, and 15 of subsequent cycles.
Drug: Palbociclib
Palbociclib oral dosing on Days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle.
Other Name: Ibrance

Drug: Nab-Paclitaxel
Nab-paclitaxel IV dosing on Days -2, 6, and 13 of Cycle 1, and on Days 1, 8, and 15 of subsequent cycles.
Other Name: Abraxane




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Dose Limiting Toxicities [ Time Frame: From Day 1 until pre-dose Cycle 2 Day 1 ]
    Adverse events (AEs) considered as dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) included: hematologic: Grade 4 neutropenia lasting >4 days; Febrile neutropenia (defined as neutropenia Grade>=3 [absolute neutrophil count {ANC}<1000 cells/cubic millimeter {mm^3}] and a body temperature >=38.5 [degrees centigrade]℃) requiring antibiotic or antifungal treatment; any Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (<25000/mm^3 or 25.0*10^9/[liter]L). Non-hematologic: Grade >=3 toxicities, except those that had not been maximally treated (eg, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea). Any AE that caused a palbociclib treatment interruption of greater than 7 consecutive days or caused any combination of interruption/reduction for >=14 days. Any AE that caused omission or reduction of at least 2 of the 3 weekly doses of nab-P.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From the signing of informed consent up to 56 days after the last administration of the investigational product, or 365 days from the first dose of investigational product, whichever is later ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation patient administered a product or medical device; the event need not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment or usage. An serious AE (SAE) is an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; life-threatening; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly/birth defect. Treatment-emergent AEs were those with initial onset or increasing in severity after the first dose of investigational product. Disease progression was not considered a treatment emergent AE unless the participant died of disease prior to 28 days after discontinuation of treatment. Treatment emergent AEs with cause possibly, probably or definitely related to treatment, as judged by the investigator, were defined as treatment-related AEs. AEs were graded by investigator according to CTCAE v4.03.

  2. Number of Participants With Laboratory Abnormalities [ Time Frame: From screening to the end of treatment/withdrawal visit (up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product). ]
    The number of participants with following laboratory abnormalities meeting any of the Grades 1 to 4 classified according to NCI CTCAE v4.0 were summarized: hematology (anemia, hemoglobin increased, lymphocyte count increased, lymphopenia, neutrophils, platelets and white blood cells) and chemistry laboratory tests (alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, amylase, aspartate aminotransferase, bilirubin, creatinine, hypercalcemia, hyperglocemia, hyperkalemia, hypermagnesemia, hypernatremia, hypoalbuminemia, hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, lipase).

  3. Number of Participants With Vital Signs Data Meeting Pre-specified Criteria [ Time Frame: From screening to the end of treatment/withdrawal visit (up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product). ]
    Vital signs evaluation included sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and pulse rate. Suggest text: Vital signs categorical summary included: 1)SBP>150mmHg or DBP>100mmHg; 2)SBP>200mmHg or DBP>110mmHg; 3)SBP increase >=20 and <40mmHg; 4)SBP increase >=40 and <60mmHg; 5)SBP increase>=60mmHg; 6)DBP increase >=10 and <20mmHg; 7)DBP increase >=20 and <30mmHg; 8)DBP increase >=30mmHg; 9)pulse rate>120bpm; 10)pulse rate<50bpm.

  4. Number of Participants With 20% Maximum Reduction From Baseline in Ca19-9 [ Time Frame: From screening to the end of treatment/withdrawal visit (up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product). ]
    Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (Ca19-9) is a clinical pharmacodynamic (PD) marker associated with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC).

  5. Number of Participants With 50% Maximum Reduction From Baseline in Ca19-9 [ Time Frame: From screening to the end of treatment/withdrawal visit (up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product). ]
    Ca19-9 is a clinical PD marker associated with metastatic mPDAC.

  6. Number of Participants With 70% Maximum Reduction From Baseline in Ca19-9 [ Time Frame: From screening to the end of treatment/withdrawal visit (up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product). ]
    Ca19-9 is a clinical PD marker associated with metastatic mPDAC.

  7. Number of Participants With 90% Maximum Reduction From Baseline in Ca19-9 [ Time Frame: From screening to the end of treatment/withdrawal visit (up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product). ]
    Ca19-9 is a clinical PD marker associated with metastatic mPDAC.

  8. Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: From screening to 365 days from the last dose of investigational product ]
    Percentage of participants who achieved objective response (OR) based on investigator assessment is presented. OR is defined as a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1. Objective response rate (ORR) was defined as the percentage of participants with a best overall response of CR or PR relative to all anti-tumor evaluable participants.

  9. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From screening to 365 days from the last dose of investigational product ]
    The duration of response was defined as the time from the first documentation of objective tumor response (CR or PR) to the first documentation of disease progression or to death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. Disease progression was defined as 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target measurable lesions above the smallest sum observed, with a minimum absolute increase of 5 mm.

  10. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: From screening to 365 days from the last dose of investigational product ]
    The progression free survival (PFS) was defined as the time from the date of first dose to the date of the first documentation of objective tumor progression as per RECIST v1.1 or death due to any cause in the absence of documented progression disease, whichever occurred first.

  11. Six-month Progression-free Survival Rate (6m-PFSR) [ Time Frame: From screening to 6 months after first dose of investigational product ]
    6m-PFS was defined as PFS status (progression free and alive, or not) at Month 6. It was summarized as a product limit estimator based on the Kaplan-Meier method to account for censored events.

  12. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From screening to 365 days from the last dose of investigational product ]
    OS was defined as the time from the date of first dose to the date of death due to any cause. Following the end of treatment visit, survival status was collected in all participants every month until 12 months (365 days) had elapsed from the last dose of investigational product.

  13. Number of Participants With Positive p16 [ Time Frame: From Day-2 to up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product ]
    p16 is a tumor suppressor protein which plays an important role in cell cycle regulation. The analysis of biomarker p16 expression might aid in the identification of patient subpopulations most likely to benefit from treatment. The results from p16 expression testing by immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used for sensitivity analyses. (a) and (b) :p16 cutoff utilizing the optimal cut point identified by the ORC analysis for the OS (a) or PFS (b) and the p16 positive tumor cells.

  14. Retinoblastoma Protein (Rb) Percent Positive Cell (Nuclear Staining) [ Time Frame: From Day-2 to up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product ]
    Rb is a tumor suppressor protein that is dysfunctional in several major cancers. The results from Rb expression testing by IHC was used for sensitivity analyses.

  15. Rb H-score Nuclear Staining [ Time Frame: From Day-2 to up to 63 days from last dose of investigational product ]
    Rb is a tumor suppressor protein that is dysfunctional in several major cancers. The results from Rb expression testing by IHC was used for sensitivity analyses. The H-score is a method of assessing the extent of nuclear immunoreactivity, applicable to steroid receptors. The score is obtained by the formula: 3*percentage of strongly staining nuclei + 2*percentage of moderately staining nuclei + percentage of weakly staining nuclei, giving the range of 0 to 300

  16. Palbociclib Multiple Dose Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 13 at 0 (pre-dose), 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post palbociclib dose, and pre-dose on Cycle 2, Days 1 and 15. ]
    The palbociclib multiple dose maximum plasma concentration(Cmax) was observed directly from data.

  17. Palbociclib Multiple Dose Time for Cmax (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 13 at 0 (pre-dose), 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post palbociclib dose, and pre-dose on Cycle 2, Days 1 and 15. ]
    The palbociclib multiple dose time for Cmax (Tmax) was observed directly from data.

  18. Palbociclib Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve for Dosing Interval τ (AUCτ) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 13 at 0 (pre-dose), 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post palbociclib dose, and pre-dose on Cycle 2, Days 1 and 15. ]
    The palbociclib area under the plasma concentration-time curve for dosing interval τ (AUCτ) was observed directly from data.

  19. Palbociclib Multiple Dose Trough Plasma Concentration(Ctrough) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 13 at 0 (pre-dose), 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post palbociclib dose, and pre-dose on Cycle 2, Days 1 and 15. ]
    The palbociclib multiple dose trough plasma concentration (Ctrough) was observed directly from data.

  20. Palbociclib Multiple Dose Apparent Clearance (CL/F) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 13 at 0 (pre-dose), 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post palbociclib dose, and pre-dose on Cycle 2, Days 1 and 15. ]
    The palbociclib multiple dose apparent clearance (CL/F) was observed directly from data.

  21. Nab-P Cmax [ Time Frame: Prior to nab-P infusion and at 30 min (end of infusion), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 hours post the start of paclitaxel infusion on Day -2 and 13 of Cycle 1. ]
    The nab-P Cmax on Cycle 1 Day -1 and Day 13 were observed directly from data.

  22. Nab-P Tmax [ Time Frame: Prior to nab-P infusion and at 30 min (end of infusion), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 hours post the start of paclitaxel infusion on Day -2 and 13 of Cycle 1. ]
    The nab-P Tmax on Day -1 and Day 13 were observed directly from data.

  23. Nab-P Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time 0 to Last Quantifiable Concentration (AUClast) [ Time Frame: Prior to nab-P infusion and at 30 min (end of infusion), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 hours post the start of paclitaxel infusion on Day -2 and 13 of Cycle 1. ]
    The nab-P area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to last quantifiable concentration (AUClast) on Day -1 and Day 13 were observed directly from data.

  24. Nab-P Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time 0 Extrapolated to Infinite Time (AUCinf) [ Time Frame: Prior to nab-P infusion and at 30 min (end of infusion), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 hours post the start of paclitaxel infusion on Day -2 and 13 of Cycle 1. ]
    The nab-P area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 extrapolated to infinite time (AUCinf) on Day -1 and Day 13 observed directly from data.

  25. Nab-P Terminal Plasma Elimination Half-life (t1/2) [ Time Frame: Prior to nab-P infusion and at 30 min (end of infusion), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 hours post the start of paclitaxel infusion on Day -2 and 13 of Cycle 1. ]
    The nab-P t1/2 on Day -1 and Day 13 were observed directly from data.

  26. Nab-P Clearance (CL) [ Time Frame: Prior to nab-P infusion and at 30 min (end of infusion), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 hours post the start of paclitaxel infusion on Day -2 and 13 of Cycle 1. ]
    The nab-P clearance on Day -1 and Day 13 were observed directly from data.

  27. Nab-P Volume of Distribution (Vz) [ Time Frame: Prior to nab-P infusion and at 30 min (end of infusion), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 hours post the start of paclitaxel infusion on Day -2 and 13 of Cycle 1. ]
    The nab-P on Day -1 and Day 13 were observed directly from data.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically-confirmed metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
  • Availability of a tumor tissue specimen. If no archived tumor tissue is available, then a de novo biopsy is required for patient participation.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status 70 or greater.
  • Adequate Bone Marrow, Renal, and Liver Function.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with a CDK 4/6 inhibitor.
  • Prior treatment with nab-P for the treatment of metastatic disease.
  • Patients with known CNS metastases, carcinomatous meningitis, or leptomeningeal disease as indicated by clinical symptoms, cerebral edema, and/or progressive growth.
  • Diagnosis of any other malignancy within 3 years prior to enrollment, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • QTc >480 msec, or family or personal history of long or short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome or known history of QTc prolongation, or Torsade de Pointes.
  • Uncontrolled electrolyte disorders.
  • Cardiac or pulmonary disorders within 6 months of enrollment.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  • History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition that may increase the risk associated with study participation.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nab-P.
  • Difficulty swallowing capsules or requirement for a feeding tube.
  • Previous high-dose chemotherapy requiring stem cell rescue.
  • Pregnant female patients; breastfeeding female patients; male patients with partners currently pregnant.
  • Active inflammatory or other gastrointestinal disease,
  • Active bleeding disorder in the past 6 months.
  • Patients treated within the last 7 days prior to the start of IP with strong/moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, strong/moderate CYP3A4 inducers, CYP2C8 inhibitors, strong/moderate CYP2C8 inducers, or drugs that are known to prolong the QT interval.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02501902


Locations
Show Show 26 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Celgene
Investigators
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Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Pfizer:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] December 6, 2018
Study Protocol  [PDF] August 23, 2018

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02501902    
Other Study ID Numbers: A5481059
2015-001307-31 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 17, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 6, 2021
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Pfizer will provide access to individual de-identified participant data and related study documents (e.g. protocol, Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP), Clinical Study Report (CSR)) upon request from qualified researchers, and subject to certain criteria, conditions, and exceptions. Further details on Pfizer's data sharing criteria and process for requesting access can be found at: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests.
Keywords provided by Pfizer:
Ibrance, palbociclib, Abraxane, nab-paclitaxel, pancreas,
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Palbociclib
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors