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Pembrolizumab and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy or Non-Stereotactic Wide-Field Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02444741
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 14, 2015
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of pembrolizumab when given together with stereotactic body radiation therapy or non-stereotactic wide-field radiation therapy (conventional radiation therapy) and to see how well they work in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Stereotactic body radiation therapy uses special equipment to position a patient and deliver radiation to tumors with high precision. This method can kill tumor cells with fewer doses over a shorter period and cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving pembrolizumab together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Metastatic Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Lung Non-Small Cell Cancer AJCC v7 Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Pembrolizumab Radiation: Proton Beam Radiation Therapy Radiation: Radiation Therapy Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 104 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of MK-3475 and Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiation Therapy in Patients With NSCLC
Actual Study Start Date : September 17, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 17, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 17, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group I, Phase I (pembrolizumab + SBRT)
Patients who exhibit a lung lesion of size and location amenable to SBRT receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive SBRT in 4 fractions daily on days 2-5 or either IMRT, PBRT, or 3D-CRT in 15 fractions total concurrent with pembrolizumab administration on days 1-19. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 16 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
Undergo 3D-CRT
Other Names:
  • 3-dimensional radiation therapy
  • 3D CONFORMAL RADIATION THERAPY
  • 3D CRT
  • 3D-CRT
  • Conformal Therapy
  • Radiation Conformal Therapy

Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Proton Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo PBRT
Other Names:
  • PBRT
  • Proton Radiation Therapy

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Undergo SBRT
Other Names:
  • SABR
  • SBRT
  • Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiation Therapy

Experimental: Group I, Phase II (pembrolizumab + SBRT)
Patients who exhibit a lung lesion with size and location amenable to SBRT receive pembrolizumab IV on day 1 and SBRT on days 44-47 or IMRT, PBT, or 3D-CRT on days 43-61. Treatment with pembrolizumab repeats every 21 days for up to 16 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Undergo SBRT
Other Names:
  • SABR
  • SBRT
  • Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiation Therapy

Experimental: Group II, Phase I (pembrolizumab + IMRT, PBRT or 3D-CRT)
Patients who exhibit a lung lesion of size or location not amenable to SBRT, but amenable to WFRT receive pembrolizumab as in Group I and either IMRT, PBRT, or 3D-CRT in 15 fractions total on days 1-19 concurrent with pembrolizumab administration.
Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
Undergo 3D-CRT
Other Names:
  • 3-dimensional radiation therapy
  • 3D CONFORMAL RADIATION THERAPY
  • 3D CRT
  • 3D-CRT
  • Conformal Therapy
  • Radiation Conformal Therapy

Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Proton Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo PBRT
Other Names:
  • PBRT
  • Proton Radiation Therapy

Experimental: Group II, Phase II (pembrolizumab + XRT upon PD)
Patients who exhibit a lung lesion with size and location amenable to SBRT receive pembrolizumab IV as in Group I without XRT. At the first planned efficacy evaluation (5 weeks), patients exhibiting PD are treated with SBRT concurrent with the remaining cycles of pembrolizumab. In the event that lesion size has progressed to the point where the attending physician no longer considers SBRT safe, then the patient will be salvaged with IMRT, PBRT, or 3D-CRT and analyzed as part of the fourth treatment group.
Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
Undergo 3D-CRT
Other Names:
  • 3-dimensional radiation therapy
  • 3D CONFORMAL RADIATION THERAPY
  • 3D CRT
  • 3D-CRT
  • Conformal Therapy
  • Radiation Conformal Therapy

Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Proton Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo PBRT
Other Names:
  • PBRT
  • Proton Radiation Therapy

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Undergo SBRT
Other Names:
  • SABR
  • SBRT
  • Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiation Therapy

Experimental: Group III, Phase II (pembrolizumab + IMRT, PBRT, or 3D-CRT)
Patients who exhibit a lung lesion with size and location not amenable to SBRT, but amenable to WFRT receive pembrolizumab IV as in Group I and IMRT, PBRT, or 3D-CRT on days 43-61.
Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Proton Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo PBRT
Other Names:
  • PBRT
  • Proton Radiation Therapy

Experimental: Group IV, Phase II (pembrolizumab + XRT upon PD)
Patients who exhibit a lung lesion with size and location not amenable to SBRT, but amenable to WFRT receive pembrolizumab IV as in Group I without XRT. The decision on when to start XRT will be assessed first at week 5 (after the second dose of pembrolizumab). If a patient has PD based on irRC then XRT will be delivered after the third dose of pembrolizumab, while patients with SD or PR will not start XRT and will continue to be followed. These patients will then have follow up CT scans 5 weeks after course 3 and then approximately every 3 months for the remainder of the trial; any patient at this point with PD will then have XRT delivered with the sixth dose of pembrolizumab.
Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
Undergo 3D-CRT
Other Names:
  • 3-dimensional radiation therapy
  • 3D CONFORMAL RADIATION THERAPY
  • 3D CRT
  • 3D-CRT
  • Conformal Therapy
  • Radiation Conformal Therapy

Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Proton Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo PBRT
Other Names:
  • PBRT
  • Proton Radiation Therapy

Experimental: Group V, Phase II (low dose radiation therapy)
Patients with lesions amenable to SBRT or WFRT receive pembrolizumab IV as in Group I. Patients also receive either IMRT, PBRT, or 3D-CRT in 15 fractions to the primary lesions and low dose radiation therapy to other lesions on days 43-61 or SBRT in 4 fractions to primary lesions and low dose radiation therapy to other lesions on days 44-47.
Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy
Undergo 3D-CRT
Other Names:
  • 3-dimensional radiation therapy
  • 3D CONFORMAL RADIATION THERAPY
  • 3D CRT
  • 3D-CRT
  • Conformal Therapy
  • Radiation Conformal Therapy

Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Proton Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo PBRT
Other Names:
  • PBRT
  • Proton Radiation Therapy

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo low dose radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • RADIOTHERAPY
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Undergo SBRT
Other Names:
  • SABR
  • SBRT
  • Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiation Therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease response, according to immune related response criteria (Phase I/II) [ Time Frame: Beginning 3 months after initiation of treatment ]
    Treatment success will be defined as radiographic complete response or partial response measured using Pearson chi-squared or Fisher exact tests.

  2. Incidence of toxicity, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (Phase I/II) [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days after completion of treatment ]
  3. Maximum tolerated dose of pembrolizumab and stereotactic body radiation therapy, graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 22 days ]
  4. Maximum tolerated dose of pembrolizumab and non-stereotactic wide-field radiation therapy, graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 22 days ]
  5. Objective response (complete response + partial response) of the non-irradiated disease sites, according to Out-Field immune related response criteria (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Treatment success will be defined as radiographic complete response or partial response measured using Pearson chi-squared or Fisher exact tests.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (Phase II) [ Time Frame: From the time of enrollment to first evidence of progressive disease, assessed at 3 months after treatment initiation ]
    Analysis conducted using Kaplan-Meier method. At the discretion of the investigators, multivariate Cox regression will be done to adjust for (among other factors): number of metastatic disease sites, number of prior treatments, primary cancer histology, age, pre-treatment Karnofsky performance scale, and Royal Marsden score.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Receipt of the first pembrolizumab dose to death, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Analysis conducted using Kaplan-Meier method, with comparisons regarding overall survival made via the log-rank test. At the discretion of the investigators, multivariate Cox regression will be done to adjust for (among other factors): number of metastatic disease sites, number of prior treatments, primary cancer histology, age, pre-treatment Karnofsky performance scale, and Royal Marsden score.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed non-small lung cancer
  • Stage IV metastatic disease (only during the phase II)
  • At least one thoracic or liver lesion amenable to radiation, for group 5 we need one area that can safely receive SBRT or WFRT, not restricted to lung or liver sites
  • At least one additional non-contiguous lesion to the irradiated lesion amenable to radiographic evaluation
  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
  • Have measurable disease based on immune related response criteria (irRC) criteria
  • Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
  • Patients with brain metastasis will be included as long as they are free of neurologic symptoms related to metastatic brain lesions and who do not require or receive systemic corticosteroid therapy in the 14 days prior to beginning MK-3475 therapy
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Platelets >= 100,000 /mcL (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Serum creatinine or measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or calculated creatinine clearance [CrCl]) =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) or >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN (creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard) (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) =< 2.5 X ULN or =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as prothrombin time (PT) or partial prothrombin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Prothrombin time =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (performed within 28 days prior to study registration up to the first dose of study drug)
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy
  • We will allow XRT prior to study entry to other sites, with no washout period, allowed prior to study entry as long as at least one measurable sites of disease is kept unirradiated

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent (except glutamine) or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment or 5 half lives, whichever is shorter
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment; unless the steroid therapy is for physiological replacement
  • Has a diagnosis of active scleroderma, lupus, or other autoimmune disease which by the opinion of the treating radiation oncologist precludes safe radiation therapy
  • Has had prior radiation therapy to all available thoracic and liver lesions such that additional radiation therapy is unsafe by the opinion of the treating radiation oncologist
  • Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives, which ever is shorter, prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Has had prior chemotherapy or targeted small molecule therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent

    • Note: Subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
    • Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment
  • Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule; subjects that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the study; subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjogren's syndrome will not be excluded from the study
  • Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy or hospital admission
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B virus HBsAg surface protein antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Symptomatic brain metastasis
  • Has experienced a dose limiting toxicity on treatment with either prior radiation or anti programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) or programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02444741


Contacts
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Contact: James Welsh, MD 713-563-2300 jwelsh@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: James Welsh    713-563-2300      
Principal Investigator: James Welsh         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: James Welsh M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02444741    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-1020
NCI-2015-01505 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2014-1020 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 14, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 22, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents