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Diet and Physical Activity in Uterine Cancer Survivors (DEUS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02433080
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 4, 2015
Results First Posted : May 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 19, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University College, London

Brief Summary:

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecological cancer in developed countries with more than 75% of the patients surviving for at least five years. However, most endometrial cancer survivors are overweight and obese and do not meet the current nutrition and physical activity recommendations. This can lower their quality of life and increase their risk for chronic diseases. Behaviour change interventions can help them feel better about themselves and improve their quality of life. Applying them shortly after treatment seems ideal as cancer survivors feel motivated to make changes about their lifestyle at this time point.

This study is to see if the investigators can design a project to measure how well a psycho-educational healthy eating and physical activity programme tailored to the survivors' needs works. Sixty-four endometrial cancer survivors diagnosed during the previous three years, and are all clear will be put by chance into one of two groups. One will receive the program. The other will receive usual care until the end of the trial and, then, a discussion and a self-help guide about eating well and being active following cancer treatment. This will help us to see if the programme makes a difference compared with usual care. The results will inform a larger study to test if a lifestyle program can improve the quality of life of uterine cancer survivors compared with usual care. The investigators will change the programme materials in response to the investigators' findings, making them available to services. The results will inform practice and research.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Endometrial Neoplasms Behavioral: Shape-Up following cancer treatment Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Low physical activity, poor diet and obesity are risk factors for the development of endometrial cancer. A growing body of evidence suggests that they may be linked with quality of life after cancer treatment. However, only about 1% of endometrial cancer survivors seem to meet the current fruit and vegetable, physical activity, and non-smoking recommendations; while 57% meets only the non-smoking recommendations, and 22% meet none of the recommendations,

These behaviours exist despite cancer diagnosis being perceived as a "teachable moment". Capitalising the "teachable moment" of cancer, behaviour change interventions in high-risk populations might be more effective than those targeting the general population.

Theory-based behaviour change interventions suggest that improving diet and physical activity is safe, acceptable, and feasible and can help cancer survivors improve their quality of life. In contrast, there are only limited studies to support these data in the United Kingdom to allow generalisability of these results. However, the majority of these interventions were long-term and resource intensive which may render them inappropriate for wide dissemination. Therefore, feasible and effective interventions are needed to promote implementation of the nutrition and physical activity guidelines.

The intervention is based on the Shape-Up eight-week weight management programme. This programme is based on "Social Cognitive Theory" and "Control Theory". A version of this program has been favourably evaluated in terms of acceptability, physical, and psychological outcomes. We have tailored this programme (Shape-Up following cancer treatment) to help endometrial cancer survivors improve their diet, and activity pattern. The focus of the programme lies on self-control, self-efficacy, and relapse prevention in terms of healthy eating and physical activity. Behavioural techniques will include self-monitoring of behaviour with the use of food and physical activity diaries, behavioural goal setting, action planning, graded tasks, problem solving, self-reward, and review of behavioural goals. It will also provide information about health consequences and emotional consequences, pros and cons, behavioural practice, habit formation, reducing exposure to cues for the behaviour, behaviour substitution, distraction, social support (unspecified), demonstration of behaviour (for resistance exercises), instructions on how to perform the behaviour (for resistance exercises), and reframing.

The DEUS pilot trial is an eight-week, two-arm, individually randomised, controlled pilot trial comparing the use of the "Shape-Up following cancer treatment" programme to usual care. According to Medical Research Council guidance for complex interventions, this is a Phase 2 feasibility study. Randomisation will be performed with minimisation using a 1:1 allocation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Randomised, Controlled, Pilot Clinical Trial to Assess the Feasibility of a Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Program in Endometrial Cancer Survivors
Study Start Date : April 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Shape-Up following cancer treatment
In addition to usual care, cancer survivors in the intervention group will participate in a behaviour change programme, called "Shape-Up following cancer treatment: a self-help programme on eating well and being active". Participants will be allocated to groups of eight to ten. These groups will meet every week for eight weeks and each session will last approximately 90 minutes. The programme focuses on strategies for improving diet and physical activity in a self-help and peer education format. Each week, one participant will volunteer to present a new concept (e.g. regular eating, being active, eating a balanced diet, keep an eye on portion sizes, and manage internal and external triggers, and understanding food labeling) to the rest of the group.
Behavioral: Shape-Up following cancer treatment
The programme is based on "Social Cognitive Theory" and "Control Theory". The focus of the programme lies on self-control, self-efficacy, and relapse prevention.
Other Name: Self-help healthy eating and physical activity programme

No Intervention: Control intervention

Participants in the control group will be offered usual care until the 24-week follow-up. Quantifying usual care is challenging, but preliminary qualitative work suggested that most survivors do not received any unsolicited advice about healthy eating and physical activity from their health care professionals after treatment.

During the course of their participation in the trial, participants will be contacted only for the assessments. After the completion of the 24-week follow-up, participants will receive the booklet "Healthy living after cancer"; a brief self-help manual produced by the World Cancer Research Fund. Providing only this information aims to match the currently offered usual care as accurately as possible but also meet ethical standards.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recruitment Rate (Percentage of Potentially Eligible Participants Who Were Enrolled to the Study) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Achieving a 30% recruitment rate of the potentially eligible participants

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Health-related Quality of Life Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8weeks, 24weeks ]
    European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 & European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Endometrial Cancer Module 24 Global quality of life scale ranging from 0-100 with higher scores indicating better quality of life

  2. Change From Baseline in Dietary Quality (24-h Dietary Recall) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8weeks, 24weeks ]
    One 24-h dietary recall for each timepoint. This is the combined total Alternate healthy eating index-2010 score ranging from 0-110 with higher scores indicating higher dietary quality.

  3. Change From Baseline in Physical Activity (Physical Activity Recall) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8weeks, 24weeks ]
    7-day physical activity recall

  4. Change From Baseline in Hand-grip Strength [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8weeks, 24weeks ]
  5. Change From Baseline in Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8weeks, 24weeks ]
  6. Change From Baseline in Fat Mass Index [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8weeks, 24weeks ]
    Using MC980 multi-frequency segmental body composition analyser. Fat mass index was calculated as kg of fat mass divided by squared height in meters.

  7. Intervention Evaluation Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 8weeks, 24weeks ]
    Change in the self-assessment of the gained skills (Shape-Up self-efficacy score). This is a total score 0-5 with higher scores indicating higher self-efficacy.

  8. Health Care Services Use - Medication [ Time Frame: 24weeks ]
    Number of currently prescribed medications over the 24 weeks of the trial (Self-reported)

  9. Adherence Rate [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The percentage of engaged participants attending at least one of the last three sessions of the intervention. Engaged participants are those who have attended at least two sessions of the intervention.

  10. Retention Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline to 24weeks ]
    Rate of complete follow-up

  11. Health Care Services Use - Number of General Practitioner Visits [ Time Frame: 24weeks ]
    Number of visits to their general practitioner over the 24 weeks of the trial (Self-reported)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women aged >18 years (no upper age limit)
  2. Women diagnosed with endometrial cancer (C54.1) within the previous 36 months
  3. Women who are able to understand spoken and written English

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Women with stage IVB (metastatic) endometrial cancer (any metastasis beyond the pelvis)
  2. Women on active anti-cancer, and/or palliative treatment,
  3. Women having second primary cancer
  4. Women who lack mental capacity to decide to take part in the study and to participate in it (upon clinical team's judgement in accordance with the Mental Capacity Act 2005 Code of Practice 2007)
  5. Women with severe depression (upon consultant's judgement based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria)
  6. Women unavailable for longitudinal follow-up assessments
  7. Women who participated in a professionally delivered weight loss or exercise program during the previous 6 months
  8. Women with a World Health Organization performance score 3-4

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02433080

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United Kingdom
Barts Health NHS Trust
London, Greater London, United Kingdom, E1 1BB
University College London Hospital NHS Trust
London, Greater London, United Kingdom, NW1 3AD
Sponsors and Collaborators
University College, London
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Principal Investigator: Anne Lanceley, PhD University College, London
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University College, London Identifier: NCT02433080    
Other Study ID Numbers: 14/0765
First Posted: May 4, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 19, 2020
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Endometrial Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Diseases