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Optimized Management of Comorbidity in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction in the Elderly (>60 Years) (OPTIMIZE-HFPEF)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02425371
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2018 by Göteborg University.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : April 24, 2015
Last Update Posted : September 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Umeå University
Karolinska Institutet
Uppsala University
Vastra Gotaland Region
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Göteborg University

Brief Summary:

Growing recognition of the importance of co-morbidities in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFPEF) has led to the realization that rather than being a distinct disease entity, HFPEF may represent a spectrum of co-morbidities in elderly breathless patients. Accordingly, progress in managing HFPEF in the elderly requires improved understanding of HFPEF pathogenesis with a focus on the impact of co-morbidities. However, the available evidence is insufficient to determine the true prevalence and severity of co-morbidities as well as their impact on both diagnosis and treatment in HFPEF. Therefore there are widespread diagnostic uncertainty without proven therapy!

The purpose of this project is twofold:

  1. The investigators will study how to improve diagnostic accuracy for HFPEF in elderly patients, despite frequent comorbidities and higher age? How useful is it to add exercise testing and contrast echocardiography as well as biomarker as additional diagnostic tools in elderly HFPEF patients?
  2. The investigators will test the hypothesis that HFPEF in the elderly is dominated by multiple co-morbidities that are a major part of the syndrome itself that contribute to the development of HFPEF. This hypothesis implies that the treatment of co-morbidities will improve prognosis.

The investigators' overall goal is to bring about a paradigm shift in managing elderly patients with HFPEF by not only improving diagnosis but also effectively treating co-morbidities that are currently considered predisposing factors to HFPEF. This contrasts with trials during last two decades that only target the heart.

The investigators will pursue the following specific aims:

  1. Validate the diagnostic criteria for HFPEF proposed by European Society of Cardiology 2012, and determine the added diagnostic values of exercise testing and contrast echocardiography as well as biomarker for HFPEF in a multi-center study.
  2. Determine if systematic screening and optimal management of co-morbidities associated with HFPEF improves the outcomes of patients with HFPEF in a randomized study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure, Diastolic Other: Screening and treatment of comorbidities Other: Placebo Comparator Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Heart failure is primarily a disease of the elderly, with approximately half of these cases occurring in patients aged ≥75 years. Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization in the elderly. Moreover, it worsens cognition, physical function and quality of life, increases health care costs and leads to higher mortality. Nearly half of the patients with heart failure have preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), and the prevalence appears to be rising. Although patterns of morbidity and functional decline are similar in patients with HFPEF to those with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFREF), HFPEF represents a particular challenge since there is no proven treatment. Therapies that are effective in HFREF, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers and beta blockers, have so far been unsuccessful in HFPEF. This differential response to therapy combined with distinct patterns of structural remodeling suggests that HFPEF and HFREF are two discrete entities with fundamentally different pathophysiologies. A recently proposed mechanism for HFPEF development identifies a systemic pro-inflammatory state induced by comorbidities as the primary cause of HFPEF. Therefore, progress in managing HFPEF requires improved understanding of HFPEF pathogenesis with a focus on the impact of comorbidities.

Hypothesis: HFPEF in the elderly is dominated by multiple comorbidity which are not a complicating factor in HFPEF, but a major part of the syndrome, contribute to the HFPEF. Therefore, to make comorbidity as attractive therapeutic target will promote a paradigm shift toward individualized optimal care in elderly patients with HFPEF.

Main purpose: To promote a paradigm shift toward individualized optimal care in elderly patients with HFPEF by effective treatment of the comorbidities.

Specific aim: To determine if systematic screening and optimal management of comorbidities associated with HFPEF will improve outcome in patients with HFPEF

Work plan: The investigators' intervention study will use a multi-centre, prospective, randomized, open procedure but blinded end-point (PROBE) design. Patients (n=220) are randomized 1:1 to either usual care (n=110) or intervention (n=110). Inclusion criteria are HFPEF >60 years. In the Intervention arm, all patients will be subject to systematic screening and optimal treatment of 12 most frequently seen co-morbidity. Endpoints will be collected by Independent Endpoint Committee once a year during 2 years.

Significance and clinical relevance : The present study focuses on an important issue in the investigators' society, namely HFPEF in the elderly population. This health problem has been largely ignored despite the fact that there is no recommended therapy. The investigators' proposed study represents a paradigm shift in therapy. It is based on a new concept focusing on comorbidities that are considered to be predisposing factors to HFPEF in contrast to available trials that target only the heart. The investigators' study therefore challenges the current clinical practice and may fill the knowledge gap in HFPEF.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 410 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Optimized Management of Comorbidity in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction in the Elderly (>60 Years) (OPTIMIZE-HFPEF)
Study Start Date : September 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Failure

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention
screening and treatment of comorbidities
Other: Screening and treatment of comorbidities
Screening and treatment of comorbidities

Placebo Comparator: Control
No screening of comorbidity
Other: Placebo Comparator
No screening of comorbidities




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. A composite endpoint about which includes the patient's well-being symptoms (improved or worsened) [ Time Frame: Change between baseline and after 2 years ]
    A composite endpoint about which includes the patient's well-being symptoms (improved or worsened). The endpoint consists of 4 effect categories composites that are determined on an individual basis at baseline and at 12 months. Each effect category has to meet either all 4 main criteria (1) Lickert scale 5 levels(breathlessness); (2) Lickert scale (tiredness); (3) NT-proBNP change of 30% from baseline; and (4) any events such the occurence of deaths mortality, hospital admission for heart failure or, use of intravenous diuretics during 12 months


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. All cause mortality or hospitalization [ Time Frame: Change between baseline and after 2 years ]

    All cause mortality or hospitalization due to cardiovascular causes (time to first event); All cause mortality;

    Total number of hospitalizations; The non-fatal clinical progression of heart failure, assessed subjectively by patients and physicians and objectively by the occurrence of major clinical events.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Validated HFPEF
  2. Age >60 years
  3. Chronic Heart Failure with at least one hospitalization or increased use of diuretics due to worsening is required during the last year
  4. New York Heart Association class II -IV
  5. Regarded as optimally treated and stable for at least 4 weeks (physician's opinion)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Currently enrolled in another study
  2. Significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with forced expiratory volume within one second (FEV1) < 30% (European Respiratory Society criteria) in the last 4 weeks before randomization
  3. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <30 ml/min/1.73m2 (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD] GFR Equation)
  4. Significant primary valve disease
  5. Body mass index (BMI) >40
  6. Severe cognitive dysfunction or dementia
  7. Expected survival of less than one year
  8. Planned cardiac surgery, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02425371


Contacts
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Contact: Michael Fu, Professor 0046(0)31 3421000 michael.fu@vgregion.se
Contact: Ulf Nilsson, PhD 0046 (0)317860000 ulf.nilsson@gu.se

Locations
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Sweden
Dept. Medicine Recruiting
Gothenburg, Vastragotaland, Sweden, 41345
Contact: Michael X Fu, Professor    +46 31343434850    michael.fu@vgregion.se   
Contact: Erik Thunstrom, MD    +46313434813    erik.thunstrom@vgregion.se   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Göteborg University
Umeå University
Karolinska Institutet
Uppsala University
Vastra Gotaland Region
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael X Fu, Professor Göteborg University
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Göteborg University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02425371    
Other Study ID Numbers: VGFOUREG-127071
First Posted: April 24, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 7, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Heart Failure, Diastolic
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases