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A Vaccine (CDX-1401) With or Without a Biologic Drug (CDX-301) for the Treatment of Patients With Stage IIB-IV Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02129075
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 2, 2014
Results First Posted : November 16, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 16, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the effect of a vaccine called CDX-1401 given with or without a biologic drug called CDX-301 in treating patients with stage IIB-IV melanoma. The cancer vaccine CDX-1401 attaches to a protein that is made in tumor cells. The vaccine helps the body recognize the tumor to fight the cancer. The biologic drug CDX-301 may help the body make more of the tumor fighting cells, known as dendritic cells. Another biologic drug, poly-ICLC, may stimulate the immune system and help these dendritic cells mature so that they can recognize the tumor. Giving CDX-301 may make the immune response to a combination of CDX-1401 and poly-ICLC better.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cutaneous Melanoma Melanoma Melanoma of Unknown Primary Mucosal Melanoma Ocular Melanoma Stage IIB Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IIC Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage III Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIA Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIB Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIC Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v6 and v7 Biological: DEC-205/NY-ESO-1 Fusion Protein CDX-1401 Drug: Poly ICLC Biological: Recombinant Flt3 Ligand Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine whether the immune response to NY-ESO-1 elicited by vaccination with DEC-205/NY-ESO-1 fusion protein CDX-1401 (CDX-1401) plus polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized with poly-L-lysine and carboxymethylcellulose (poly-ICLC) is substantially increased by prior expansion in the number of circulating dendritic cells (DC) by therapy with recombinant Flt3 ligand (CDX-301) (fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 ligand [Flt3L]).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the effect of the vaccine regimen on immune responses to other ongoing and nascent antitumor response antigens associated with melanoma (e.g., PRAME, MAGE-A3, p53, and gp100) as well as memory viral responses (influenza A) and chronic viral responses (cytomegalovirus [CMV], Epstein-Barr virus [EBV]).

II. To assess the effect of the vaccine regimen on the frequency and phenotypic character of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) subsets including DCs, monocyte populations, T cells, and natural killer (NK) cells.

III. To assess the safety, tolerability, and clinical efficacy of the vaccine regimens.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive recombinant Flt3 ligand (CDX-301) subcutaneously (SC) on days -7 to -1, 1-3, and 22-28 of cycle 1 and only on days 1-3 of cycle 2. Patients also receive CDX-1401 SC or intradermally (ID) on day 1 of each cycle and poly-ICLC SC on days 1-2 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive CDX-1401 and poly-ICLC as in Arm I. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4 and 12 weeks and then annually thereafter.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Open-Label, Multicenter, Randomized Study of CDX-1401, a Dendritic Cell Targeting NY-ESO-1 Vaccine, in Patients With Malignant Melanoma Pre-Treated With Recombinant CDX-301, a Recombinant Human Flt3 Ligand
Actual Study Start Date : April 9, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 28, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : May 18, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (CDX-301, CDX-1401, poly-ICLC)
Patients receive recombinant Flt3 ligand (CDX-301) SC on days -7 to -1, 1-3, and 22-28 of cycle 1 and only on days 1-3 of cycle 2. Patients also receive CDX-1401 SC or ID on day 1 of each cycle and poly-ICLC SC on days 1-2 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: DEC-205/NY-ESO-1 Fusion Protein CDX-1401
Given SC or ID
Other Name: CDX-1401

Drug: Poly ICLC
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Hiltonol
  • Poly I:Poly C with Poly-L-Lysine Stabilizer
  • poly-ICLC
  • PolyI:PolyC with Poly-L-Lysine Stabilizer
  • Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic Acid Stabilized with Polylysine and Carboxymethylcellulose
  • Polyriboinosinic-Polyribocytidylic Acid-Polylysine Carboxymethylcellulose
  • Stabilized Polyriboinosinic/Polyribocytidylic Acid

Biological: Recombinant Flt3 Ligand
Given SC
Other Names:
  • CDX-301
  • FLT 3 Ligand
  • FLT3 Ligand
  • Flt3-Ligand
  • Flt3L
  • Mobist
  • Mobista
  • rhuFlt3L

Active Comparator: Arm II (CDX-1401, poly-ICLC)
Patients receive CDX-1401 and poly-ICLC as in Arm I. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: DEC-205/NY-ESO-1 Fusion Protein CDX-1401
Given SC or ID
Other Name: CDX-1401

Drug: Poly ICLC
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Hiltonol
  • Poly I:Poly C with Poly-L-Lysine Stabilizer
  • poly-ICLC
  • PolyI:PolyC with Poly-L-Lysine Stabilizer
  • Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic Acid Stabilized with Polylysine and Carboxymethylcellulose
  • Polyriboinosinic-Polyribocytidylic Acid-Polylysine Carboxymethylcellulose
  • Stabilized Polyriboinosinic/Polyribocytidylic Acid




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immune T-cell Response to NY-ESO-1 [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks after final vaccination ]
    Response rates will be analyzed by tabulating the frequency of positive response for each assay by antigen and treatment arm at each time point for which an assessment is performed. Response rates will be presented with their corresponding 95% confidence interval estimates calculated using the score test method. Fisher's exact tests will be used to compare cohort 1 and cohort 2 at the peak time point, with a significant difference declared if the 1-sided P value is =< 0.10.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. T Cell Responses to Other Ongoing and Nascent Antitumor Response Antigens Associated With Melanoma (e.g. PRAME, MAGE-A3, p53, and gp1000) as Well as Memory and Chronic Viral Responses (CMV, EBV) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks after final vaccination ]
    Response rates will be analyzed by tabulating the frequency of positive response for each assay by antigen and treatment arm at each time point for which an assessment is performed. Response rates will be presented with their corresponding 95% confidence interval estimates calculated using the score test method. Fisher's exact tests will be used to compare cohort 1 and cohort 2 at the peak time point, with a significant difference declared if the 1-sided P value is =< 0.10.

  2. Frequency and Phenotypic Character of PBMC Subsets Including DCs, Monocyte Populations, T Cells, and NK Cells - Highest Peak Fold Change Over Baseline (Log 2 Fold) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks after final vaccination ]
    Graphical and tabular summaries of the assay data will be made. Linear mixed effects model and possibly weighted generalized estimating equation methods will be considered for a supportive analysis of the longitudinal data over time.

  3. Tumor Recurrence [ Time Frame: Up to 600 days from first vaccine ]
    Time to first recurrence from first vaccine among subjects who have experienced recurrence. (days)

  4. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after patient's 12 week visit ]
    Overall survival not assessed



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with fully resected stage IIb through IV melanoma, with melanoma validated by histology or cytology, who have NOT received prior therapy.

    • Patients may have had primary cutaneous, mucosal, or ocular melanoma or metastasis from an unknown primary site.
    • Tissue should be submitted for evaluation of NY-ESO-1 expression and T-cell infiltrates. However, availability of tissue and/or positivity for NY-ESO-1 is not mandatory.
  • Prior radiation, chemotherapy or biologics NOT allowed
  • Not currently receiving any anticancer therapy
  • Age >= 18 years

    • Because no dosing or adverse event (AE) data are currently available on the use of CDX-1401 or CDX-301 in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of 0-1
  • Life expectancy of at least 6 months
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/mcL
  • Platelets >= 75,000/mcL
  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (bilirubin < 3 x institutional upper limit of normal for Gilbert's syndrome)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • The first six patients enrolled in the Flt3L arm of the study cannot be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive. After the evaluation of safety in the first 6 patients, HIV-positive patients with adequate immune function as evidenced by stable CD4 counts >= 350/mm^3 are allowed to participate if the following criteria are met:

    • maintained on stable antiretroviral therapy with no significant drug interactions, and
    • no recent history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) indicator conditions (> 2 years from enrolling in trial), and
    • physician providing patient's care for HIV must also approve of patient entering the study
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days before the initiation of protocol therapy.

    • The effects of CDX-1401 or CDX-301 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) before study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception before the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of CDX-1401 or CDX-301 administration.
    • NOTE: Subjects are considered not of child-bearing potential if they are surgically sterile, they have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy, or they are postmenopausal. Menopause is the age associated with complete cessation of menstrual cycles, menses, and implies the loss of reproductive potential. By a practical definition, it assumes menopause after 1 year without menses with an appropriate clinical profile at the appropriate age.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had cytotoxic chemotherapy, radiotherapy, interferon (IFN), or ipilimumab before entering the study
  • Immunosuppressive therapy within 30 days prior to initiation of protocol therapy
  • Steroid therapy, or steroid therapy with more than 7 consecutive days of steroids within the prior 4 weeks

    • The use of prednisone or equivalent < 0.125 mg/kg/day (absolute maximum of 10 mg/day) as replacement therapy is permitted
    • Inhaled or topical corticosteroids are permitted
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Current or history of systemic autoimmune disease requiring systemic therapy.

    • NOTE: The following will not be exclusionary:

      • The presence of laboratory evidence of autoimmune disease (e.g., positive antinuclear antibody [ANA] titer) without associated symptoms
      • Clinical evidence of vitiligo
      • Other forms of depigmenting illness
  • Cardiovascular disease that meets one of the following: congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III or IV), active angina pectoris, or recent myocardial infarction (within the last 6 months)
  • Cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis C virus positivity or chronic hepatitis B infection

    • NOTE: A positive hepatitis B serology indicative of previous immunization (i.e., hepatitis B virus surface antibody [HBsAb]-positive and hepatitis B virus core antibody [HBcAb]-negative), or a fully resolved acute hepatitis B virus infection is not an exclusion criterion
  • Known history of immunodeficiency disorder other than HIV-positive status
  • Extensive active brain disease including symptomatic brain metastases or presence of leptomeningeal disease

    • NOTE: Patients with brain metastasis, after definitive therapy with surgery or stereotactic radiation and stable off steroids for >= 4 weeks, are eligible
  • Other invasive cancers that are clinically active
  • Pregnancy or nursing or unwilling to take adequate birth control during therapy

    • NOTE: Pregnant women are excluded from this study because CDX-1401 or CDX-301 and poly-ICLC have an unknown potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with CDX-1401 or CDX-301, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with CDX-1401 or CDX-301 and poly-ICLC
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to CDX-1401 or CDX-301 or poly-ICLC
  • Prior organ allograft or allogeneic transplantation, if the transplanted tissue is still in place
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Medical or psychiatric illness that would, in the opinion of the investigator, preclude participation in the study or the ability of patients to provide informed consent for themselves
  • History of pulmonary disease such as emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] < 60% of predicted for height and age). Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are required in patients with prolonged smoking history or symptoms of respiratory dysfunction
  • Vaccinations other than those given as part of this research study (with the exception of influenza vaccine) are prohibited throughout the duration of study participation.

    • NOTE: Influenza vaccination (inactivated) is permitted during the flu season. The preferred time is 7 to 14 days after CDX-1401 administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02129075


Locations
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United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, New York
Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Mount Sinai Hospital
New York, New York, United States, 10029
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Oregon
Providence Portland Medical Center
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97213
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nina Bhardwaj Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Network
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02129075    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2014-00898
NCI-2014-00898 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CITN-07-FLT3L
CITN-07-FLT3L ( Other Identifier: Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Network )
CITN-07-FLT3L ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U01CA154967 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 2, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 16, 2021
Last Update Posted: November 16, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Skin Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Poly I-C
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Poly ICLC
Flt3 ligand protein
Interferon Inducers
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Laxatives
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents