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Efficacy Study of Pegylated Recombinant Human Arginase 1 as a Second-line Therapy in Patients With Advanced Liver Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02089763
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Early termination for futility)
First Posted : March 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Chinese University of Hong Kong
The University of Hong Kong
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PEG-BCT-100 as the second-line therapy following sorafenib in advanced HCC patients. Another objective of the study is to explore whether the expression of OTC and ASS are predictive biomarkers for drug response and prognosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Biological: pegylated recombinant human arginase Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a phase II, single-arm clinical trial. Approximately 35 subjects will be enrolled in the study. All subjects will be treated with PEG-BCT-100 2.7 mg/kg weekly (day1, 8 and 15). Three week treatment of PEG-BCT-100 is considered as 1 cycle. All subjects will receive PEG-BCT-100 till progressive disease, intolerable toxicity or patients withdraw consent.

The clinical effects of PEG-BCT-100 on disease response will be evaluated every 6 weeks until disease progression. Disease response evaluation will be based on RECIST 1.1 criteria. The disease response based on modified RECIST criteria will also be evaluated and documented for reference only.

Safety parameters will be evaluated throughout the study. Adverse event (AE) will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (NCI CTC AE v4).

All subjects will undergo a tumor tissue biopsy at baseline for evaluation of the biomarkers of ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) and arginine succinate synthetase (ASS) except for those subjects whose tumor tissue blocks have been obtained within 1 year and are available for the biomarkers evaluation. The association between the levels of the 2 biomarkers and disease response to PEG-BCT-100 treatment will be explored in the study.

The effects on patients' quality of life will be evaluated every 2 cycles of the PEG-BCT-100 treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 27 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of PEG-BCT-100 as the Second-line Therapy Following Sorafenib in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PEG-BCT-100
pegylated recombinant human arginase 1
Biological: pegylated recombinant human arginase
Other Name: PEG-BCT-100




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

    TTP is defined as the time from start of study treatment (Cycle 1 Day 1) to first documentation of objective tumor progression.

    TTP data will be censored on the day following the date of the last tumor assessment documenting absence of progressive disease under the following conditions:

    • Patients who die for causes other than progressive disease
    • Patients who do not have objective tumor progression and are still on study at the time of an analysis
    • Patients who are given antitumor treatment other than the study treatment
    • Patients who are removed from study follow-up prior to documentation of objective tumor progression.

    Patients lacking an evaluation of tumor response after their first dose will have their event time censored at Day 1.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

    PFS is defined as the time from start of study treatment (Cycle 1 Day 1) to first documentation of objective tumor progression or to death due to any cause.

    PFS data will be censored on the day following the date of the last tumor assessment documenting absence of progressive disease under the following conditions:

    • Patients who do not have objective tumor progression and are still on study at the time of an analysis
    • Patients who are given antitumor treatment other than the study treatment
    • Patients who are removed from study follow-up prior to documentation of objective tumor progression.

    Patients lacking an evaluation of tumor response after their first dose will have their event time censored at Day 1.


  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    OS is defined as the time from start of study treatment to date of death due to any cause. In the absence of confirmation of death, survival time will be censored at the last date the patient is known to be alive. Patients lacking data beyond the day of first dose will have their survival times censored at 1 day.

  3. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    ORR is defined as the proportion of patients with confirmed complete response (CR) or confirmed partial response (PR), relative to the total evaluable patient population.

  4. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    DCR is defined as the percent of patients with confirmed CR, PR, or stable disease for at least 12 weeks on study, relative to the total evaluable patient population.

  5. Duration of Response (DR) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

    DR is defined as the time from the first documentation of objective tumor response to the first documentation of objective tumor progression or to death due to any cause.

    DR data will be censored on the day following the date of the last tumor assessment documenting absence of progressive disease under the following conditions:

    • Patients who do not have objective tumor progression and are still on study at the time of an analysis;
    • Patients who are given antitumor treatment other than the study treatment;
    • Patients who are removed from study follow-up prior to documentation of objective tumor progression.

    DR will only be calculated for the subgroup of patients with a tumor response (PR or CR).


  6. Quality of Life (QoL) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The quality of life will be assessed at within 5 days prior to the start of trial treatment, every 2 cycles and at the End of Treatment. Subjects are required to complete the questionnaires: EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-HCC18

  7. Safety profile of PEG-BCT-100 treatment [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Safety parameters will be evaluated throughout the study. Adverse event (AE) will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (NCI CTC AE v4).


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Biomarker study - to explore the predictive and prognostic functions of tissue biomarkers, ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) and arginine succinate synthetase (ASS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The tumor tissue biomarkers, OTC and ASS, will be measured at baseline using standard immunohistochemical (IHC) staining method. IHC score will be produced for each tumor by summing up the intensity of the stain (0, 1, 2, 3) and the percentage of tumor with the corresponding intensity semi-quantitatively.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) according to the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) criteria
  • Patients with advanced HCC defined as unresectable disease which is not amenable OR refractory to local-regional therapy OR with extra-hepatic involvement
  • Patients have received prior systemic treatment with sorafenib for at least 14 days (not necessarily consecutive), and resulted in either disease progression or intolerance with sorafenib treatment
  • Sorafenib must be the last antineoplastic treatment before enrollment
  • Patients who are suitable for percutaneous tissue biopsy
  • ECOG Performance Status 0-2
  • Adequate hematological, renal and hepatic function as assessed by the following blood tests sampled at screening visit
  • Life expectancy longer than 12 weeks
  • Subjects with at least one measurable lesion assessed by CT scan or other imaging within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of PEG-BCT-100
  • Normal ECG
  • Patients who give written informed consent prior to any study specific screening procedures with the understanding that the patient has the right to withdraw from the study at any time, without prejudice.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has received any surgery, loco-ablative, transarterial therapy or radiotherapy ≤ 2 weeks prior to the first dose of PEG-BCT-100
  • Has received systemic cancer therapy, e.g. chemotherapy, targeted biologic or enzymes, either approved or investigational, ≤ 2 weeks prior to the first dose of PEG-BCT-100.
  • Any toxic effects (except hair loss) of the prior therapy have not been resolved to Grade 2 or less according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events.
  • Prior malignancy except cervical carcinoma in situ or treated basal cell carcinoma. Any cancers treated curatively > 5 years prior to study entry are permitted.
  • Child-Pugh class of B or C
  • Patients with ascites uncontrolled by medication
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related illness.
  • Prior treatment with arginine depleting agent.
  • Female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or men and women of reproductive potential not willing or not able to employ an effective method of birth control/contraception to prevent pregnancy during treatment and for 6 months after discontinuing study treatment. The definition of effective contraception should be in agreement with local regulation and based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate.
  • A serious uncontrolled medical disorder or active infection that would impair their ability to receive study treatment.
  • Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent and compliance with the requirements of this protocol.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.
  • Subjects, who in the opinion of the Investigator, are unable to comply with the trial treatment and the related trial procedures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02089763


Locations
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Hong Kong
Prince of Wales Hospital, the Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited
Chinese University of Hong Kong
The University of Hong Kong
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Stephen L Chan, Dr. Chinese University of Hong Kong
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Responsible Party: Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02089763    
Other Study ID Numbers: BCT-100-006
First Posted: March 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 23, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018
Keywords provided by Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited:
Hepatocellular carcinoma
HCC
Pegylated recombinant human arginase
PEG-BCT-100
ASS
OTC
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
BCT-100
Antineoplastic Agents