Efficacy of EVP 1001-1 (SeeMore) in the Assessment of Myocardial Viability in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01989195|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2013
Results First Posted : January 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 2, 2017
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The investigator hopes to introduce a novel MRI contrast agent with SeeMore ™ that directly defines viable myocardium. Identifying viable myocardium non-invasively using cardiac MRI is still a moving target and a question we plan to answer more definitively with the SeeMore ™ contrast. Though well tested in small and large animals and Phase I & II clinical trials, the investigators would like to determine the efficacy of the SeeMore contrast further in a clinical setting.
SeeMore is a new manganese (Mn)-based intravenous imaging agent being developed to enhance magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While Mn has long been known to have desirable magnetic and kinetic properties for MRI, use in humans was not initially possible due to cardiovascular depression and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, including prolongation of PR and QTc intervals, associated with intravenous administration [1-5]. SeeMore provides Mn in a form that maintains the desired magnetic and kinetic properties while overcoming the cardiovascular toxicity of Mn. SeeMore is taken up into heart cells (primarily via addition of calcium to avoid cardiotoxic effects; please refer to US patent #5,980,863). The potential to distinguish healthy heart tissue from unhealthy heart tissue based on a specific sustained pattern of enhancement provides a basis for evaluating the performance of SeeMore in heart patients. It may be possible to enhance the utility of MRI for heart disease through the use of an imaging agent that is specifically taken up into heart cells. SeeMore is the only cardiac-specific agent being developed for this purpose. Unlike nuclear perfusion agents, SeeMore is not radioactive and does not require special handling, shielding, transport or storage. In addition, the specific pattern of enhancement achieved in the heart muscle persists over time, offering potential benefits over the nonspecific extracellular agents currently available for MRI or X-ray/CT procedures. This feature allows full use of the high resolution of MRI, since there is not a trade-off of high spatial resolution for temporal (first-pass) resolution. It is anticipated the features offered by SeeMore along with the high resolution, three dimensional attributes of MRI will result in higher accuracy than is available with other current modalities in practice, including stress echocardiograms, cardiac MRI using gadolinium contrast and nuclear studies such as SPECT and PET. This will be evaluated in this study and serve as the basis for pivotal registration studies.
All components of SeeMore™ are USP and are approved for use as drugs in man, orally and/or intravenously.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|ISCHEMIC CARDIOMYOPATHY||Drug: 'SEEMORE' - MANGANESE-ENHANCED MRI CONTRAST REAGENT||Phase 1 Phase 2|
This is an open-label, baseline-controlled study. An initial cohort study of patients to conduct safety evaluation will be conducted before proceeding with the additional patients. In this initial cohort, a patient will be dosed based on the Phase 1 and 2 clinical trial data evaluation completed by Eagle Vision Pharmaceutical, Inc.
Starting 30 minutes before the cardiac MRI scan (CMR), the subjects will take a 4 mg tablet of ondansetron by mouth. CMR will subsequently take place and SeeMore™ will then be administered approximately 15 minutes into the scan for contrast enhanced images. SeeMore™ will be administered intravenously over approximately one minute. The subjects will each receive 0.28 mL/kg of SeeMore™. All subjects will be monitored closely from before ondansetron administration until their discharge from the imaging center. If positive delayed-enhanced MRI is detected, the subject will undergo MEMRI within 1 week. The investigators plan to perform imaging with CMR and SeeMore™ within a week after standard gadolinium-based delayed enhanced imaging by CMR (performed as clinically indicated within Stanford Hospital by the patient's physician) to directly compare the two different contrast enhanced images (SeeMore vs Gadolinium in determining viable myocardium).
Parameters to be Measured:
A standard physical examination will be performed within 24 hours prior to dosing and at the end of experimental MEMRI imaging (approximately 1 hour post dosing). A standard 12-lead EKG will be performed both before the experimental MR study and after the experimental MR study to assure no significant EKG changes have occurred. HR will be measured before and after the study. After the study, the patient will have another standard 12-lead EKG performed to compare with the pre-MRI 12-lead EKG. The patient's symptoms will be reassessed 1 hour and 1 year after infusion of the SeeMore contrast. Adverse events (AEs) and discomforts will be recorded until discharge from the imaging center. Any clinically relevant changes from baseline in vital signs, ECG rhythm, clinical chemistries or physical condition and all AEs will be followed until resolution or until the outcome is known. Primary efficacy will be based on determining whether the heart is normal or abnormal and if abnormal whether there is an infarction, ischemia or both. This provides the basis for calculating sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and predictive values. In addition, the location, size, conspicuity and associated confidence for any disease will be recorded.
The study will be stopped for any significant adverse cardiovascular event including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, ventricular arrhythmia, ICD firing, congestive heart failure, hospitalization, or syncope.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||6 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Efficacy of EVP 1001-1 (SeeMore) in the Assessment of Myocardial Viability in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease|
|Study Start Date :||May 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2013|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 2013|
Experimental: CORONARY DISEASE SUBJECT
ALL SUBJECTS IN THIS STUDY HAVE PREVIOUSLY DOCUMENTED CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE BY ANGIOGRAPHY
Drug: 'SEEMORE' - MANGANESE-ENHANCED MRI CONTRAST REAGENT
EACH SUBJECT UNDERWENT 2 CARDIAC MRI PROCEDURES: ONE WITH MAGNEVIST (GADOLINIUM), ONE WITH SEEMORE (MANGANESE) REAGENT
- COMPARISON OF MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION SIZE MEASUREMENTS USING INVESTIGATIONAL MANGANESE-ENHANCED MRI (MEMRI) OR DELAYED GADOLINIUM ENHANCED MRI (DEMRI) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (1 MRI) ]Measured as percentage of myocardial injury volume to the total left ventricular myocardial volume
- SAFETY AND TOLERABILITY OF MANGANESE CONTRAST REAGENT [ Time Frame: Pre MRI and Post MRI on same day (Day 1) ]
QRS Duration: SUBJECTS UNDERWENT PRE- AND POST-MRI EKG TESTING TO ASSESS ANY ADVERSE SYMPTOMS OR SIGNS. THE POST EKG WAS PERFORMED AFTER MEMRI SCAN WERE COMPLETE. EKG WAS NOT OBTAINED BEFORE AND AFTER DEMRI.
Measured the difference in heart rate per EKG before and after MEMRI study.
- Significant Cardiovascular Event [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Hospitalization and procedures for chest pain, arrhythmias, and all-cause mortality
- Heart Rate: SAFETY AND TOLERABILITY OF MANGANESE CONTRAST REAGENT [ Time Frame: Pre MRI and Post MRI on same day (Day 1) ]
SUBJECTS UNDERWENT PRE- AND POST-MRI EKG TESTING TO ASSESS ANY ADVERSE SYMPTOMS OR SIGNS. THE POST EKG WAS PERFORMED AFTER MEMRI SCAN WERE COMPLETE. EKG WAS NOT OBTAINED BEFORE AND AFTER DEMRI.
Measured the difference in heart rate per EKG before and after MEMRI study.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 70 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
All subjects to be entered must:
- be at least 18 years of age.
- if female, be nonpregnant as evidenced by a serum pregnancy test and using a medically-approved method of birth control, or post-menopausal or surgically sterile
- provide written informed consent after having received oral and written information about the study
- be in stable health based on medical history, examination and tests
- have a positive pregnancy test (females)
- received an investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to administration of SeeMore?
- have known hypersensitivity to ondansetron or other selective serotonin 5HT3 receptor blockers
- have a history of drug abuse or alcoholism
- are taking a digitalis preparation or calcium channel blocker
- have a history of torsades or prolonged QT/QTc interval
- have NYHA Grade IV heart failure
- have abnormal liver function tests or a history of liver disease
- have uncontrolled hypertension (Systolic Blood Pressure > 140 or Diastolic BP > 90 consistently at baseline)
- have abnormal baseline potassium or calcium values or hemoglobin less than 10 g/dl
- are noncompliant or otherwise unlikely to perform as required by the protocol
- have pretest likelihood of CAD for which the requisite number of subjects have been entered
- develop an arrhythmia prior to or during either of the exercise tests; SeeMore? should not be administered.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01989195
|United States, California|
|Stanford University School of Medicine|
|Stanford, California, United States, 94305|
|Principal Investigator:||Phillip C. Yang, MD||Stanford University|
|Responsible Party:||Phillip C. Yang, MD, Principle Investigator, Stanford University|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||November 20, 2013 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||January 2, 2017|
|Last Update Posted:||January 2, 2017|
|Last Verified:||November 2016|
ISCHEMIC OR CORONARY HEART DISEASE
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
DELAYED GADOLINIUM ENHANCEMENT MRI
ALL CAUSE MORTALITY
Physiological Effects of Drugs