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Efficacy of EVP 1001-1 (SeeMore) in the Assessment of Myocardial Viability in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01989195
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2013
Results First Posted : January 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 2, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Phillip C. Yang, MD, Stanford University

Brief Summary:

The investigator hopes to introduce a novel MRI contrast agent with SeeMore ™ that directly defines viable myocardium. Identifying viable myocardium non-invasively using cardiac MRI is still a moving target and a question we plan to answer more definitively with the SeeMore ™ contrast. Though well tested in small and large animals and Phase I & II clinical trials, the investigators would like to determine the efficacy of the SeeMore contrast further in a clinical setting.

SeeMore is a new manganese (Mn)-based intravenous imaging agent being developed to enhance magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While Mn has long been known to have desirable magnetic and kinetic properties for MRI, use in humans was not initially possible due to cardiovascular depression and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, including prolongation of PR and QTc intervals, associated with intravenous administration [1-5]. SeeMore provides Mn in a form that maintains the desired magnetic and kinetic properties while overcoming the cardiovascular toxicity of Mn. SeeMore is taken up into heart cells (primarily via addition of calcium to avoid cardiotoxic effects; please refer to US patent #5,980,863). The potential to distinguish healthy heart tissue from unhealthy heart tissue based on a specific sustained pattern of enhancement provides a basis for evaluating the performance of SeeMore in heart patients. It may be possible to enhance the utility of MRI for heart disease through the use of an imaging agent that is specifically taken up into heart cells. SeeMore is the only cardiac-specific agent being developed for this purpose. Unlike nuclear perfusion agents, SeeMore is not radioactive and does not require special handling, shielding, transport or storage. In addition, the specific pattern of enhancement achieved in the heart muscle persists over time, offering potential benefits over the nonspecific extracellular agents currently available for MRI or X-ray/CT procedures. This feature allows full use of the high resolution of MRI, since there is not a trade-off of high spatial resolution for temporal (first-pass) resolution. It is anticipated the features offered by SeeMore along with the high resolution, three dimensional attributes of MRI will result in higher accuracy than is available with other current modalities in practice, including stress echocardiograms, cardiac MRI using gadolinium contrast and nuclear studies such as SPECT and PET. This will be evaluated in this study and serve as the basis for pivotal registration studies.

All components of SeeMore™ are USP and are approved for use as drugs in man, orally and/or intravenously.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
ISCHEMIC CARDIOMYOPATHY Drug: 'SEEMORE' - MANGANESE-ENHANCED MRI CONTRAST REAGENT Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, baseline-controlled study. An initial cohort study of patients to conduct safety evaluation will be conducted before proceeding with the additional patients. In this initial cohort, a patient will be dosed based on the Phase 1 and 2 clinical trial data evaluation completed by Eagle Vision Pharmaceutical, Inc.

Starting 30 minutes before the cardiac MRI scan (CMR), the subjects will take a 4 mg tablet of ondansetron by mouth. CMR will subsequently take place and SeeMore™ will then be administered approximately 15 minutes into the scan for contrast enhanced images. SeeMore™ will be administered intravenously over approximately one minute. The subjects will each receive 0.28 mL/kg of SeeMore™. All subjects will be monitored closely from before ondansetron administration until their discharge from the imaging center. If positive delayed-enhanced MRI is detected, the subject will undergo MEMRI within 1 week. The investigators plan to perform imaging with CMR and SeeMore™ within a week after standard gadolinium-based delayed enhanced imaging by CMR (performed as clinically indicated within Stanford Hospital by the patient's physician) to directly compare the two different contrast enhanced images (SeeMore vs Gadolinium in determining viable myocardium).

Parameters to be Measured:

A standard physical examination will be performed within 24 hours prior to dosing and at the end of experimental MEMRI imaging (approximately 1 hour post dosing). A standard 12-lead EKG will be performed both before the experimental MR study and after the experimental MR study to assure no significant EKG changes have occurred. HR will be measured before and after the study. After the study, the patient will have another standard 12-lead EKG performed to compare with the pre-MRI 12-lead EKG. The patient's symptoms will be reassessed 1 hour and 1 year after infusion of the SeeMore contrast. Adverse events (AEs) and discomforts will be recorded until discharge from the imaging center. Any clinically relevant changes from baseline in vital signs, ECG rhythm, clinical chemistries or physical condition and all AEs will be followed until resolution or until the outcome is known. Primary efficacy will be based on determining whether the heart is normal or abnormal and if abnormal whether there is an infarction, ischemia or both. This provides the basis for calculating sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and predictive values. In addition, the location, size, conspicuity and associated confidence for any disease will be recorded.

The study will be stopped for any significant adverse cardiovascular event including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, ventricular arrhythmia, ICD firing, congestive heart failure, hospitalization, or syncope.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Efficacy of EVP 1001-1 (SeeMore) in the Assessment of Myocardial Viability in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease
Study Start Date : May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Manganese

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CORONARY DISEASE SUBJECT
ALL SUBJECTS IN THIS STUDY HAVE PREVIOUSLY DOCUMENTED CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE BY ANGIOGRAPHY
Drug: 'SEEMORE' - MANGANESE-ENHANCED MRI CONTRAST REAGENT

EACH SUBJECT UNDERWENT 2 CARDIAC MRI PROCEDURES: ONE WITH MAGNEVIST (GADOLINIUM), ONE WITH SEEMORE (MANGANESE) REAGENT

  • CARDIAC MRI USING STANDARD DOSE OF 0.2mMOL/KG MAGNEVIST IV (IN THE VEIN)
  • CARDIAC MRI USING SEEMORE REAGENT, DOSE: 0.35CC/KG IV (IN THE VEIN) 1 WEEK AFTER GADOLINIUM MRI




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. COMPARISON OF MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION SIZE MEASUREMENTS USING INVESTIGATIONAL MANGANESE-ENHANCED MRI (MEMRI) OR DELAYED GADOLINIUM ENHANCED MRI (DEMRI) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (1 MRI) ]
    Measured as percentage of myocardial injury volume to the total left ventricular myocardial volume


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. SAFETY AND TOLERABILITY OF MANGANESE CONTRAST REAGENT [ Time Frame: Pre MRI and Post MRI on same day (Day 1) ]

    QRS Duration: SUBJECTS UNDERWENT PRE- AND POST-MRI EKG TESTING TO ASSESS ANY ADVERSE SYMPTOMS OR SIGNS. THE POST EKG WAS PERFORMED AFTER MEMRI SCAN WERE COMPLETE. EKG WAS NOT OBTAINED BEFORE AND AFTER DEMRI.

    Measured the difference in heart rate per EKG before and after MEMRI study.


  2. Significant Cardiovascular Event [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Hospitalization and procedures for chest pain, arrhythmias, and all-cause mortality

  3. Heart Rate: SAFETY AND TOLERABILITY OF MANGANESE CONTRAST REAGENT [ Time Frame: Pre MRI and Post MRI on same day (Day 1) ]

    SUBJECTS UNDERWENT PRE- AND POST-MRI EKG TESTING TO ASSESS ANY ADVERSE SYMPTOMS OR SIGNS. THE POST EKG WAS PERFORMED AFTER MEMRI SCAN WERE COMPLETE. EKG WAS NOT OBTAINED BEFORE AND AFTER DEMRI.

    Measured the difference in heart rate per EKG before and after MEMRI study.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

-

All subjects to be entered must:

  • be at least 18 years of age.
  • if female, be nonpregnant as evidenced by a serum pregnancy test and using a medically-approved method of birth control, or post-menopausal or surgically sterile
  • provide written informed consent after having received oral and written information about the study
  • be in stable health based on medical history, examination and tests

Exclusion Criteria:

- have a positive pregnancy test (females)

  • received an investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to administration of SeeMore?
  • have known hypersensitivity to ondansetron or other selective serotonin 5HT3 receptor blockers
  • have a history of drug abuse or alcoholism
  • are taking a digitalis preparation or calcium channel blocker
  • have a history of torsades or prolonged QT/QTc interval
  • have NYHA Grade IV heart failure
  • have abnormal liver function tests or a history of liver disease
  • have uncontrolled hypertension (Systolic Blood Pressure > 140 or Diastolic BP > 90 consistently at baseline)
  • have abnormal baseline potassium or calcium values or hemoglobin less than 10 g/dl
  • are noncompliant or otherwise unlikely to perform as required by the protocol
  • have pretest likelihood of CAD for which the requisite number of subjects have been entered
  • develop an arrhythmia prior to or during either of the exercise tests; SeeMore? should not be administered.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01989195


Locations
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United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Phillip C. Yang, MD Stanford University
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Responsible Party: Phillip C. Yang, MD, Principle Investigator, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01989195    
Other Study ID Numbers: 24224
First Posted: November 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 2, 2017
Last Update Posted: January 2, 2017
Last Verified: November 2016
Keywords provided by Phillip C. Yang, MD, Stanford University:
ISCHEMIC OR CORONARY HEART DISEASE
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
DELAYED GADOLINIUM ENHANCEMENT MRI
MANGANESE-ENHANCED MRI
INFARCT VOLUME/SIZE
ALL CAUSE MORTALITY
VENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiomyopathies
Heart Diseases
Manganese
Trace Elements
Micronutrients
Physiological Effects of Drugs