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A Phase 1b/2 Study of PLX3397 + Radiation Therapy + Temozolomide in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01790503
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 13, 2013
Results First Posted : October 9, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 30, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Plexxikon
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The study objectives are to assess the potential for PLX3397 to improve the efficacy of standard of care radiation therapy (RT) + temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Drug: PLX3397 Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Temozolomide Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Study drug will be administered twice daily for 7 days prior to the initiation of RT (radiation therapy)and will continue twice daily during the course of RT. The RT schedule will be once daily for 5 days per week for 6 weeks (total radiation dose of 60 Gy. Oral temozolomide will be administered once daily (7 days per week) for the duration of RT. Four weeks after the completion of the course of RT, patients will be started on once-daily adjuvant temozolomide (Day 1-5 of a 28 day cycle) and PLX3397 twice daily (28 days of a 28 day cycle) for up to 12 cycles in the absence of progressive disease or unacceptable toxicities. After discontinuation of study drug, patients will continue to be followed for OS every 6 months. For patients participating in the run-in Phase 1b of the study, intra patient dose escalation will be permitted after a RP2D has been established. The Phase 2 portion of the study will enroll patients to be treated with PLX3397 at RP2D.

For the Phase 1b portion of the study, 2 cohorts (800 mg/day and 1000 mg/day) are planned to be enrolled at approximately 7-10 sites. Each cohort will consist of approximately 7 patients. Therefore, a minimum of 14 patients are planned to be enrolled in Phase 1b. Additional patients may be required for replacement patients, or if lower dose cohorts (600 mg or 400 mg) are required. For the Phase 2 portion of the study, enrollment is planned to include approximately 44 patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 65 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label Phase 1b/2 Study of Orally Administered PLX3397 in Combination With Radiation Therapy and Temozolomide in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma
Actual Study Start Date : July 18, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 3, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 4, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Phase 1b dose escalation - 600mg/day PLX3397 cohort
600mg/day PLX3397, Radiation Therapy, and Temozolomide
Drug: PLX3397
Other Name: Pexidartinib

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Drug: Temozolomide
Other Names:
  • TMZ
  • Temodar

Experimental: Phase 1b dose escalation - 800mg/day PLX3397
800mg/day PLX3397, Radiation Therapy, and Temozolomide
Drug: PLX3397
Other Name: Pexidartinib

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Drug: Temozolomide
Other Names:
  • TMZ
  • Temodar

Experimental: Phase 1b dose escalation - 1000 mg/day PLX3397 cohort
1000 mg/day PLX3397, Radiation Therapy, and Temozolomide
Drug: PLX3397
Other Name: Pexidartinib

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Drug: Temozolomide
Other Names:
  • TMZ
  • Temodar

Experimental: Phase 2 - Recommended phase 2 dose of PLX3397
Recommended phase 2 dose of PLX3397 (800mg/day), Radiation therapy, and Temozolomide
Drug: PLX3397
Other Name: Pexidartinib

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Drug: Temozolomide
Other Names:
  • TMZ
  • Temodar




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Summary of the Median Progression-free Survival (mPFS) in the Combined 800 mg, 5 Days/Week Dose Group [ Time Frame: Assessed from date of first dose administered to date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 4 years 4 months. ]
    Progression was determined by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria and progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed based on the non-parametric Kaplan-Meier method.

  2. Summary of the Median Progression-free Survival (mPFS) in the Study Group Compared With Historical Control From Medical Literature [ Time Frame: Assessed from date of first dose administered to date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 4 years 4 months. ]
    mPFS was based on model parameters estimated by maximum likelihood with a Newton-Raphson algorithm. The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0525 study was the main historical control used for statistical analysis. Additionally, RTOG-0825 was also used to support this outcome measure.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Summary of the Median Progression-free Survival (mPFS) by Subgroups in the Modified Intent-To-Treat Population on the Recommended Phase 2 Dose [ Time Frame: Assessed from date of first dose administered to date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 4 years 4 months. ]

    Progression was determined by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria and progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed based on the non-parametric Kaplan-Meier method. mPFS was analyzed by age group, extent of surgery, baseline Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase status (MGMT).

    The scale range for the baseline Karnofsky Performance Status is from 0-100, with 0 indicating that the participant is dead and 100 indicating that the participant is Normal no complaints, no evidence of disease. The higher the number, the better the outcome.


  2. Summary of the Overall Survival in The Study Population [ Time Frame: Assessed from date of first dose administered to date of death from any cause, assessed up to 4 years 4 months ]
    Overall Survival (OS) was defined as the number of days from the first day of treatment (C1D1) to the date of death and analyzed using a non-parametric Kaplan Meier method.

  3. Summary of the Overall Survival in the Study Group Compared With Historical Control From Medical Literature [ Time Frame: Assessed from date of first dose administered to the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 4 years 4 months. ]
    Overall Survival was calculated using a parametric model. The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0525 study was the main historical control used for statistical analysis. Additionally, RTOG-0825 was also used to support this outcome measure

  4. Summary of the Overall Survival by Subgroups in the Modified Intent-To-Treat Population on the Recommended Phase 2 Dose [ Time Frame: Assessed from date of first dose administered to the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 4 years 4 months. ]

    Overall Survival was calculated using a non-parametric Kaplan-Meier analysis method. Median OS was analyzed by age group, extent of surgery, baseline Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase status (MGMT).

    The scale range for the baseline Karnofsky Performance Status is from 0-100, with 0 indicating that the participant is dead and 100 indicating that the participant is Normal no complaints, no evidence of disease. The higher the number, the better the outcome.


  5. Summary of Best Overall Response by Subgroups in the Modified Intent-To-Treat Population on the Recommended Phase 2 Dose [ Time Frame: Assessed from Baseline and every 8 weeks, up to 4 years 4 months ]
    Best Overall Response (based on the RANO response) was defined as the highest overall response recorded from the start of study treatment until the end of treatment. Per the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria for measurable lesions and assessed by Cranial MRI scan, summarized as: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all enhancing disease (measurable and non-measurable); Partial Response (PR), >=50% decrease of all measurable enhancing lesions; Stable disease, does not qualify for complete response, partial response, or progression, and progression, >25% increase in enhancing lesions despite stable or increasing steroid use or any new lesions.

  6. Overview of Most Frequent System Organ Classes Reported in Phase 1b of the Modified Intent-To-Treat Population [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after last dose, up to 4 years 4 months ]
  7. Overview of Most Frequent System Organ Classes Reported in Phase 2 of the Modified Intent-To-Treat Population [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after last dose, up to 4 years 4 months ]
  8. Number of Patients With Clinically Significant Abnormal Chemistry and Hematology Values Reported as Adverse Events by Preferred Term in Phase 1b of the Modified Intent-To-Treat Population [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after last dose, up to 4 years 4 months ]
  9. Number of Patients With Clinically Significant Abnormal Chemistry and Hematology Values Reported as Adverse Events by Preferred Term in Phase 2, the Combined RP2D Groups in Phase 1b, and in the Study Overall Modified Intent-To-Treat Population [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after last dose, up to 4 years 4 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients ≥18 years old.
  • Histologically confirmed definitive GBM or gliosarcoma by partial or complete surgical resection (i.e. not by biopsy only) within 5 weeks prior to PLX3397 administration (C1D1). Tumor must have a supratentorial component. For all patients, availability of a surgical paraffin tumor block sufficient to generate at least 20 unstained slides; or, if a paraffin tumor block is unavailable, at least 20 unstained slides.
  • The patient must have recovered from the effects of surgery, post-operative infection, and other complications before study registration.
  • A diagnostic contrast-enhanced MRI or CT scan of the brain must be performed preoperatively and postoperatively prior to the initiation of radiotherapy, within 28 days (preferably 14 days) prior to C1D1.
  • Patients unable to undergo MR imaging because of non-compatible devices can be enrolled, provided pre- and post-operative contrast-enhanced CT scans are obtained and are of sufficient quality.
  • Patients must receive RT at the participating institution.
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 14 days of initiation of dosing and must agree to use an acceptable method of birth control while on study drug and for 3 months after the last dose. Women of non-childbearing potential may be included if they are either surgically sterile or have been postmenopausal for ≥1 year. Men of child-bearing potential must also agree to use an acceptable method of birth control while on study drug, and for 3 months after the last dose.
  • Karnofsky performance status of ≥70.
  • Adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function (absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5x 109/L, Hgb >10 g/dL, platelet count ≥100 x 109/L, AST/ALT ≤2.5x ULN, creatinine ≤1.5x ULN).
  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent prior to any study related procedures and to comply with all study requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of recurrent GBM or metastases detected outside of the cranial vault.
  • Investigational drug use within 28 days of the first dose of PLX3397 or concurrently.
  • Prior use of Gliadel wafers or any other intratumoral or intracavitary treatment.
  • Prior radiation or chemotherapy for glioblastoma or glioma.
  • Prior chemotherapy or radiosensitizers for cancer of the head and neck (except for T1 glottic cancer) that would result in an overlap of radiation fields.
  • Prior allergic reaction to temozolomide.
  • History of Grade 2 (CTCAE v4) or greater acute intracranial hemorrhage.
  • Active cancer (either concurrent or within the last 3 years) that requires non-surgical therapy (e.g. chemotherapy or radiation therapy), with the exception of surgically treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, melanoma in-situ, or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix.
  • Chronic active hepatitis B or C.
  • Refractory nausea and vomiting, malabsorption, biliary shunt, or significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption of study drug.
  • Patients with serious illnesses, uncontrolled infection, medical conditions, or other medical history including abnormal laboratory results, which in the investigator's opinion would be likely to interfere with a patient's participation in the study, or with the interpretation of the results.
  • Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breast feeding.
  • At Screening QTcF ≥450 msec for males and ≥470 msec for females.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01790503


Locations
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United States, Illinois
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, Ohio
James Cancer Hospital/Ohio State University
Columbia, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
United States, Washington
Seattle Cancer Care Alliance
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.
Plexxikon
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Global Clinical Leader Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01790503    
Other Study ID Numbers: PLX108-08
First Posted: February 13, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 9, 2019
Last Update Posted: June 30, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: De-identified individual participant data (IPD) and applicable supporting clinical trial documents may be available upon request at https://vivli.org/. In cases where clinical trial data and supporting documents are provided pursuant to our company policies and procedures, Daiichi Sankyo will continue to protect the privacy of our clinical trial participants. Details on data sharing criteria and the procedure for requesting access can be found at this web address: https://vivli.org/ourmember/daiichi-sankyo/
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Studies for which the medicine and indication have received European Union (EU) and United States (US), and/or Japan (JP) marketing approval on or after 01 January 2014 or by the US or EU or JP Health Authorities when regulatory submissions in all regions are not planned and after the primary study results have been accepted for publication.
Access Criteria: Formal request from qualified scientific and medical researchers on IPD and clinical study documents from clinical trials supporting products submitted and licensed in the United States, the European Union and/or Japan from 01 January 2014 and beyond for the purpose of conducting legitimate research. This must be consistent with the principle of safeguarding study participants' privacy and consistent with provision of informed consent.
URL: https://vivli.org/ourmember/daiichi-sankyo/
Keywords provided by Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.:
glioblastoma
GBM
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Temozolomide
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents