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Genomic Profiling in Cancer Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01775072
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 24, 2013
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine whether certain genes in cancer may be abnormal. When a gene is abnormal this is called a mutation. Most mutations in cancer cells are not inherited (passed down from parents) but happen after birth in the cancer itself. Most cancers have many mutations. Some of these mutations are important for the cancer cells to survive while others are not. The goal of this study is test cancer for certain mutations using leftover tumor tissue from a previous surgery or biopsy. Participants will also be asked to provide a tube of blood cheek (also known as a buccal) swab, or a saliva sample that contains normal genes for comparison.

The purpose of Part B of this study is to:

Understand how genetic changes in tumor effect the chance of responding to experimental cancer treatment. Understand how the genes in the tumor change overtime in response to targeted cancer treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Solid Tumors Hematologic Cancers Genetic: molecular profiling of tumors Genetic: Clinical Germline Analysis

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Genomic Profiling in Cancer Patients
Study Start Date : January 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2024

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Pts with solid tumors
Patients must have solid or hematologic cancer. for treatment on a . Patients must have undergone pathologic confirmation of their tumor at MSKCC and have either: 1) archival tissue available for analysis, 2) have fresh tissue collection planned as routine standard of care biopsy or part of a research biopsy under another clinical trial(or peripheral blood / bone marrow collection in the case of hematologic cancers) outside of the context of this protocol, or 3)archival tissue .available at an outside facility. For prospective genotyping tissue specimens from the primary site, a metastasis or recurrence will be used based upon the availability and quality of tissue.
Genetic: molecular profiling of tumors
Part A is the molecular profiling of tumors. No new tumor biopsies will be performed in the context of Part A. If a pt does have a surgery or tumor biopsy , leftover tissue (or an additional core) from this procedure may be used for molecular profiling. Clinical Assay(s): This testing will be performed in the CLIA-certified Molecular Diagnostics Service laboratory. Research Assay(s): This protocol will also be used as a platform to pilot the use of investigational "next-generation" profiling technologies .including whole exome sequencing, whole genome sequencing RNA sequencing cell-free tumor DNA/RNA sequencing, proteomics, & others. To confirm the findings obtained on these assays using an orthogonal assay, additional sequencing such as Sanger,Sequenom, MiSeq or IMPACT testing may be utilized in either the CLIA or non-CLIA setting Part B: DTC Cohort Pts successfully registered to Part B of this study will be eligible for minimal risk collection & research biopsies.

Genetic: Clinical Germline Analysis

Part C: Clinical Germline Analysis Participants who have donated a matched normal peripheral blood sample for comparison to somatic sequence will be offered the opportunity to have that germline DNA sample analyzed for the presence of deleterious or likely deleterious mutations in genes on the MSK-IMPACT panel that are known to be linked to inherited susceptibility or that are included on consensus lists of genes that should undergo secondary analysis (e.g. the "ACMG list").

Part D: Germline Profiling for Individuals at Elevated Cancer Risk

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. frequency of "actionable" oncogenic mutations [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    "Actionable" mutations will be defined as either 1) a mutation shown to predict for sensitivity or resistance to a drug FDA approved for use in another cancer indication or 2) a mutation which predicts for sensitivity or resistance in preclinical models to an investigational class of drugs.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the impact of molecular profiling results performed in the CLIA-setting on the treatment of patients. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The Bioinformatics Core will assist in interpreting data generated by next-generation sequencing techniques such as WES and WGS.

  2. interrogate the mechanisms [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    underlying response and resistance (de-novo and acquired) to targeted therapy. The research assay(s) used to accomplish this will vary based on the clinical setting and tissue available and may include Sanger, Sequenom, MiSeq, exon-capture (ie: IMPACT), whole exome, and whole genome sequencing.

  3. To explore the genetic mechanisms of tumorigenesis [ Time Frame: 2 ]
    in a subset of specimens with no identifiable culpritic genomic alterations on highly-multiplexed next-generation sequencing (i.e.: IMPACT testing) by using even more comprehensive investigational profiling techniques such as whole exome sequencing, whole genome sequencing or RNA sequencing

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
tissue, blood, saliva or nail clippings

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Patients with solid or hematologic cancers who may be and considered potential candidates for a therapeutic protocol will be recruited to Part A of this study. Enrollment to therapeutic clinical trials will not be contingent on enrollment in this protocol.

Part B: Research Collection Cohort Patients potentially appropriate will be identified by their treating physician in each participating Disease Management Team.


Inclusion Criteria:

Part A:

  • Patients with a history of cancer or patients without a documented cancer history undergoing a surgical procedure, endoscopy, biopsy, or liquid biopsy (for example cell free DNA testing) to confirm or exclude a cancer diagnosis, or
  • Any participant having a test or procedure that has the potential to provide a specimen that can be banked for future research purposes, or
  • Any participant who has already had a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure that has yielded tissue, blood or other bodily fluids presently in the archive but who has not yet been approached to participate is also eligible.

Part B:

  • Patients must be successfully registered to Part A of MSKCC IRB# 12-245
  • Prior written approval for patient consent obtained from the Principal/Co-Principal Investigator of MSKCC IRB # 12-245.

Part C:

  • Patient must be receiving ongoing care at MSK or a CHERPn/ Alliance/Affiliate site or have previously consulted with an MSK physician.
  • Patient must have successfully consented to Part A of this study.

Part D:

  • Patients with no personal cancer history at increased risk for cancer development due to family history, molecular cancer marker, know carrier status of a gene associated with increased cancer risk or prior/ongoing environmental exposures or lifestyle factors.

Exclusion Criteria:

All Parts:

  • Unwilling or unable to provide informed consent.

Part C and D:

  • Patients with an acute or chronic myeloid neoplasm, histiocytic neoplasm, or other myeloproliferative disease (e.g. MDS, MPN, MDS/MPN) that would preclude the use of blood or saliva as a source of germline DNA. For example, patients with a hematologic malignancy with a high circulating disease burden (defined as >10% of WBCs from flow cytometry or CBC differential).
  • Patients who have had an Allogenic bone marrow/stem cell transplant will only be considered eligible for Part C or D if a sample adequate for germline testing (as defined above) had previously been collected prior to Allogenic bone marrow/stem cell transplant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01775072

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Contact: David Solit, MD 646-888-2641
Contact: Zsofia Stadler, MD 646-888-4039

Show Show 18 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: David Solit, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Fiala EM, Jayakumaran G, Mauguen A, Kennedy JA, Bouvier N, Kemel Y, Fleischut MH, Maio A, Salo-Mullen EE, Sheehan M, Arnold AG, Latham A, Carlo MI, Cadoo K, Murkherjee S, Slotkin EK, Trippett T, Glade Bender J, Meyers PA, Wexler L, Dela Cruz FS, Cheung NK, Basu E, Kentsis A, Ortiz M, Francis JH, Dunkel IJ, Khakoo Y, Gilheeney S, Farouk Sait S, Forlenza CJ, Sulis M, Karajannis M, Modak S, Gerstle JT, Heaton TE, Roberts S, Yang C, Jairam S, Vijai J, Topka S, Friedman DN, Stadler ZK, Robson M, Berger MF, Schultz N, Ladanyi M, O'Reilly RJ, Abramson DH, Ceyhan-Birsoy O, Zhang L, Mandelker D, Shukla NN, Kung AL, Offit K, Zehir A, Walsh MF. Prospective pan-cancer germline testing using MSK-IMPACT informs clinical translation in 751 patients with pediatric solid tumors. Nat Cancer. 2021 Mar;2:357-365. doi: 10.1038/s43018-021-00172-1. Epub 2021 Feb 15.
Mandelker D, Zhang L, Kemel Y, Stadler ZK, Joseph V, Zehir A, Pradhan N, Arnold A, Walsh MF, Li Y, Balakrishnan AR, Syed A, Prasad M, Nafa K, Carlo MI, Cadoo KA, Sheehan M, Fleischut MH, Salo-Mullen E, Trottier M, Lipkin SM, Lincoln A, Mukherjee S, Ravichandran V, Cambria R, Galle J, Abida W, Arcila ME, Benayed R, Shah R, Yu K, Bajorin DF, Coleman JA, Leach SD, Lowery MA, Garcia-Aguilar J, Kantoff PW, Sawyers CL, Dickler MN, Saltz L, Motzer RJ, O'Reilly EM, Scher HI, Baselga J, Klimstra DS, Solit DB, Hyman DM, Berger MF, Ladanyi M, Robson ME, Offit K. Mutation Detection in Patients With Advanced Cancer by Universal Sequencing of Cancer-Related Genes in Tumor and Normal DNA vs Guideline-Based Germline Testing. JAMA. 2017 Sep 5;318(9):825-835. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.11137. Erratum In: JAMA. 2018 Dec 11;320(22):2381.

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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01775072    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-245
First Posted: January 24, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2023
Last Verified: May 2023
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
buccal swab
Genomic Profiling
Solid Tumors
hematologic cancer
Clinical Assay
Research Assay
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hematologic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Hematologic Diseases