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Long-term Efficacy and Safety of Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate Fixed-Dose Combination

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01462942
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 1, 2011
Results First Posted : February 15, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The objective is to provide data supporting the use of LAS40464 as an efficacious and safe maintenance bronchodilator treatment of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Drug: Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate Drug: Aclidinium Bromide Drug: Placebo Drug: Formoterol Fumarate Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This Phase III study seeks to confirm the long-term bronchodilator efficacy and effects on COPD related health status and other secondary parameters as well as the safety of two doses of the combination of aclidinium bromide/formoterol FDC (FDC 400/12 μg and 400/6 μg) compared with aclidinium bromide monotherapy 400 μg, formoterol monotherapy 12 μg and placebo.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2443 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate Fixed-dose Combinations Compared With Individual Components and Placebo When Administered to Patients With Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Study Start Date : October 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Aclidinium/Formoterol 400/6 μg
24 week, double blind treatment period
Drug: Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate
Inhaled Aclidinium/formoterol Fixed Dose Combination (FDC) low dose (400/6 μg), twice per day

Experimental: Aclidinium/Formoterol 400/12 μg
24 week, double blind treatment period
Drug: Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate
Inhaled Aclidinium/formoterol FDC high dose (400/12 μg), twice per day

Experimental: Aclidinium monotherapy 400 μg
24 week, double blind treatment period
Drug: Aclidinium Bromide
Inhaled Aclidinium 400 μg, twice per day

Active Comparator: Formoterol monotherapy 12 μg
24 week, double blind treatment period
Drug: Formoterol Fumarate
Inhaled Formoterol 12 μg, twice per day

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
24 week, double blind treatment period
Drug: Placebo
Inhaled dose-matched placebo, twice per day

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in 1-hour Morning Post-dose Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
  2. Change From Baseline in Morning Pre-dose (Trough) Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Transition Dyspnoea Index (TDI) Focal Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Evaluation of dyspnea was performed by an independent interviewer experienced in taking a respiratory history The TDI includes three categories: functional impairment which determines the impact of breathlessness on the ability to perform activities, magnitude of task which determines the type of task that caused breathlessness and magnitude of effort which establishes the level of effort needed to evoke breathlessness Each category ranges from minus three (-3; major deterioration) to plus three (+3; major improvement) including a zero (0) score to indicate 'no change' The three categories are totalled to obtain a focal score (total score) ranging from minus nine (-9), including zero (0), to plus nine (+9) Provision is made for circumstances when dyspnoea could not be rated - if reduction of activities, effort or functional impairment was caused by reasons other than respiratory A change of 1 unit in TDI is used as the criterion for a minimal meaningful improvement

  2. Change From Baseline in St. George´s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    SGRQ is a standardised, self-administered tool for measuring impaired health and perceived well-being in respiratory diseases; a validated electronic version of the questionnaire in the relevant validated languages was used in this study The questionnaire contains 50 items divided into three dimensions (Symptoms, Activity and Impact) Each of the three dimensions of the questionnaire is scored separately in the range from 0 to 100: zero (0) score indicating no impairment of quality of life The total SGRQ score ranging from 0 to 100 is a summary score utilising responses to all items calculated using weights attached to each item of the questionnaire Higher scores indicate poorer health and change of 4 units in the SGRQ has been determined to be the threshold for a clinically relevant change in health status

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult male or non-pregnant, non-lactating female aged ≥40. Women of childbearing potential are allowed to enter the trial if they show to have a negative serum pregnancy test at the Screening Visit and are using, during the last two months before the Screening Visit, at least one medically approved and highly effective method of birth control defined as those which result in a low failure rate (i.e less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly such as implants, injectables, oral contraceptives combined with at least one barrier method, hormonal Intrauterine Devices (IUDs), sexual abstinence or vasectomy of the partner.
  • Current or ex-cigarette smoker, with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years.
  • Patient with a clinical diagnosis of stable COPD according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Lung Disease "GOLD" Guidelines at the Screening Visit.
  • Patient whose FEV1/FVC (Forced Vital Capacity) at the Screening Visit measured between 10-15 minutes post inhalation of 400 micrograms of salbutamol is < 70% (i.e., 100 x Post-salbutamol FEV1 /FVC < 70%).
  • Patient with a diagnosis of moderate to severe COPD according to the GOLD Guidelines classification (stages II and III) at the Screening Visit: FEV1 measured between 10-15 minutes post inhalation of 400 micro grams of salbutamol is 30% < FEV1 < 80% of the predicted normal value (i.e., 100 x Post-salbutamol FEV1/ Predicted FEV1 must be < 80% and ≥ 30%).
  • Patient must be able to perform repeatable pulmonary function testing for FEV1 according to American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society "ATS/ERS" 2005 criteria at Screening Visit.
  • Patient who is eligible and able to participate in the trial and who consent to do so in writing after the purpose and nature of the investigation have been explained.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History or current diagnosis of asthma.
  • Any respiratory tract infection (including the upper respiratory tract) or COPD exacerbation in the 6 weeks before Screening Visit.
  • Patient hospitalised for COPD exacerbation within 3 months prior to Screening Visit.
  • Clinically significant respiratory conditions defined as:

    • Known active tuberculosis.
    • History of interstitial lung or massive pulmonary thromboembolic disease.
    • Pulmonary resection or lung volume reduction surgery within 12 months prior to Screening Visit.
    • History of lung transplantation.
    • History of bronchiectasis secondary to respiratory diseases others than COPD (e.g., cystic fibrosis, Kartagener's syndrome, etc).
    • Known a1-antitrypsin deficiency.
  • Patients who in the Investigator's opinion might have needed to start a pulmonary rehabilitation program during the study and/or patients who started/finished it within 3 months prior to screening.
  • Use of long-term oxygen therapy (≥ 15 hours/day).
  • Patients who did not maintain regular day/night, waking/sleeping cycles including night shift workers (eg, history of sleep apnoea syndrome, any condition related to sleep disturbances such as restless-legs syndrome or somnambulism).
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular conditions defined as:

    • Myocardial infarction within the 6 months prior to screening.
    • Thoracic surgery within 12 months prior to screening.
    • Unstable angina or unstable arrhythmia which had required changes in the pharmacological therapy or other intervention within 12 months prior to screening, or newly diagnosed arrhythmia within the previous 3 months prior to screening.
    • Hospitalisation within 12 months prior to screening for heart failure functional classes III (marked limitation of activity and only comfortable at rest) and IV (need of complete rest, confinement to bed or chair, discomfort at any physical activity and presence of symptoms at rest) as per the New York Heart Association.
  • Patients (with or without pharmacological therapy) with resting systolic blood pressure (SBP)

    ≥200 mmHg, a resting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥120 mmHg, or a resting heart rate ≥105 beats per minute (bpm) at screening and at Visit 1 prior to randomisation.

  • Patients with interval corrected for heart rate "QTc" [calculated according to formulae (QTc=QT/RR1/2) > 470 msec as indicated in the centralised reading report assessed at Screening Visit.
  • Patients with clinically relevant abnormalities in the clinical laboratory tests, ECG parameters (other than QT interval corrected using Bazett's formula [QTcB]) or in the physical examination at screening, if the abnormality defined a disease state listed as exclusion criteria, except for those related to COPD.
  • Patients with a history of hypersensitivity reactions to inhaled anticholinergics, sympathomimetic amines, or inhaled medication or any component thereof (including report of paradoxical bronchospasm). Patients with known narrow-angle glaucoma, symptomatic bladder neck obstruction or acute urinary retention.
  • Patients with symptomatic non-stable prostate hypertrophy. (However, patients with well-controlled, stable, asymptomatic benign prostatic hypertrophy were not excluded).
  • Patients with known uncontrolled history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus and/or active hepatitis.
  • Current diagnosis of cancer other than basal or squamous cell skin cancer.
  • Life expectancy of less than 1 year.
  • Patients with any other serious or uncontrolled physical or mental dysfunction that, as judged by the Investigator, could have placed the patient at higher risk from his/her participation in the study, could have confounded the results of the study, or is likely to prevent the patient from complying with the requirements of the study, or completing the study.
  • Patients with a history (within 2 years prior to screening) of drug and/or alcohol abuse that might have prevented study compliance based on the Investigator judgment.
  • Patients unlikely to be cooperative (eg, take the medication, complete the Patient Diaries or attend the clinic at the required times).
  • Patients unable to properly use a DPI or pMDI inhaler device or to perform spirometry measurements.
  • Patients previously randomised in a study involving aclidinium bromide/formoterol FDC.
  • Patients previously randomised in a study involving aclidinium bromide monotherapy except when participation finished at least 6 months before screening.
  • Patients treated with any investigational drug within 30 days (or 6 half-lives, whichever is longer) prior to screening.
  • Patients who intended to use any concomitant medication not permitted by this protocol or who had not undergone the required washout period for a particular prohibited medication.
  • Patients unable to give consent, or patients of consenting age but under guardianship, or vulnerable patients.
  • Patients employed, or relatives of employees at the study centre, Almirall or Forest Laboratories.
  • Any other conditions that, in the Investigator's opinion, might have indicated the patient to be unsuitable for the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01462942

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Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Esther Garcia, Ph.D. AstraZeneca
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01462942    
Other Study ID Numbers: M/40464/30
First Posted: November 1, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 15, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2017
Last Verified: December 2016
Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Chronic Disease
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Formoterol Fumarate
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action