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Additional MDMA-assisted Therapy for People Who Relapsed After MDMA-assisted Therapy Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01458327
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 24, 2011
Results First Posted : November 3, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 6, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies

Brief Summary:
This study will consist of a single session of MDMA-assisted therapy with a full dose of MDMA for people who took part in a study of MDMA-assisted therapy in people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) whose PTSD symptoms returned to higher levels at least a year after the first MDMA sessions. The single session will be performed by the same pair of therapists who performed the sessions in the first study. People will have a preparatory session, the MDMA-assisted session and three non-drug sessions afterward. Their PTSD symptoms and symptoms of depression will be measured at the start of this study and two and 12 months after the session.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Drug: 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetmine (MDMA) Behavioral: Therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This study will investigate the effects of an additional 3,4-methylenedioxymethamine (MDMA)-assisted therapy session in up to three participants with PTSD who relapsed after their PTSD symptoms had significantly decreased during MAPS' initial U.S. Phase 2 trial testing the use of MDMA-assisted therapy in subjects with chronic, treatment-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD). This new protocol will consist of a single, full-dose open-label session of MDMA-assisted therapy, along with associated non-drug preparation and integrative therapy sessions.

MDMA is an investigational drug that was studied in a randomized, placebo-controlled study in 21 participants, and it included a final evaluation of symptoms at least one year after taking part in the study. While PTSD symptoms in most study subjects stayed at the same levels from when they completed the study, symptoms had returned in a few people. This open-label study is intended to see if an additional MDMA-assisted session conducted at least 14 months after the first sessions can help reduce PTSD symptoms.

The MDMA-assisted therapy session will be conducted by a male and female co-therapist team, one a psychiatrist and the other a psychiatric nurse. Vital signs (blood pressure, pulse and body temperature) and psychological distress will be measured throughout the experimental session. After the experimental session they will spend the night in the clinic with an attendant on duty, and complete a measure of alterations in consciousness, the States of Consciousness Questionnaire (SCQ) on the evening or day following the experimental session. Participants will meet with the investigators the next morning for an integrative therapy session before leaving the clinic. During integrative therapy sessions they will receive support in integrating their experiences and insights from the MDMA-assisted therapy session. There will be daily phone contact with one of the investigators for 7 days after the experimental session. Symptoms of PTSD, depression and general function will be assessed two months after the experimental session. There will be a long-term follow up with repeated outcome measures 12 months after the experimental session

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Proof-of-Principle Study Testing the Use of an Additional MDMA-Assisted Therapy Session in People Who Relapsed After Participating in a Phase 2 Clinical Trial of MDMA-Assisted Therapy to Treat Chronic, Treatment-Resistant Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Study Start Date : November 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 3,4-methylenedoxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted therapy
125 mg and 62.5 mg MDMA and therapy
Drug: 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetmine (MDMA)
125 mg MDMA followed by 62.5 mg MDMA 1.5 to 2.5 hours later

Behavioral: Therapy
MDMA-assisted therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Baseline Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS-IV) [ Time Frame: Less than 4 weeks before first experimental session ]
    The CAPS-IV is a structured clinical interview designed to assess the symptoms and severity of PTSD. The CAPS-IV provides a means to evaluate the frequency and intensity dimensions of each symptom, the impact of symptoms on the patient's social and occupational functioning, the overall severity of the symptom complex, global improvement since baseline, and the validity of the ratings obtained. Total severity scores range from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD symptoms.

  2. Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS-IV) at 2-month Follow-up [ Time Frame: 2 months post experimental session ]
    The CAPS-IV is a structured clinical interview designed to assess the symptoms and severity of PTSD. The CAPS-IV provides a means to evaluate the frequency and intensity dimensions of each symptom, the impact of symptoms on the patient's social and occupational functioning, the overall severity of the symptom complex, global improvement since baseline, and the validity of the ratings obtained. Total severity scores range from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD symptoms.

  3. Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-IV)) at 12-month Follow-up [ Time Frame: 12 months post experimental session ]
    The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS-IV) is a clinician administered and scored assessment of PTSD symptoms via structured interview based upon PTSD diagnosis in DSM-IV. The total severity score is a sum of symptom frequency and intensity scores for the subscales B (re-experiencing), C (avoidance) and D (hypervigilance) and ranges from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD symptoms.

  4. Change in Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-IV) From Baseline to 2-month Follow-up [ Time Frame: Baseline to 2 months post experimental session ]
    The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS-IV) is a clinician administered and scored assessment of PTSD symptoms via structured interview based upon PTSD diagnosis in DSM-IV. The total severity score is a sum of symptom frequency and intensity scores for the subscales B (re-experiencing), C (avoidance) and D (hypervigilance) and ranges from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD symptoms.

  5. Change in Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-IV) From Baseline to 12-month Follow-up [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 months post experimental session ]
    The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS-IV) is a clinician administered and scored assessment of PTSD symptoms via structured interview based upon PTSD diagnosis in DSM-IV. The total severity score is a sum of symptom frequency and intensity scores for the subscales B (re-experiencing), C (avoidance) and D (hypervigilance) and ranges from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD symptoms.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be diagnosed with chronic PTSD;
  • Have a CAPS score showing moderate to severe PTSD symptoms;
  • Have participated in MP-1;
  • Are at least 18 years old;
  • Must be generally healthy;
  • Must sign a medical release for the investigators to communicate directly with their therapist and doctors;
  • Are willing to refrain from taking any psychiatric medications during the study period;
  • Willing to follow restrictions and guidelines concerning consumption of food, beverages, and nicotine the night before and just prior to each experimental session;
  • Willing to remain overnight at the study site;
  • Agree to have transportation other than driving themselves home or to where they are staying after the integrative session on the day after the MDMA session;
  • Are willing to be contacted via telephone for all necessary telephone contacts;
  • Must have a negative pregnancy test if able to bear children, and agree to use an effective form of birth control;
  • must provide a contact in the event of a participant becoming suicidal;
  • Are proficient in speaking and reading English;
  • agree to have all clinic visit sessions recorded to audio and video
  • Agree not to participate in any other interventional clinical trials during the duration of this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Are pregnant or nursing, or if a woman who can have children, those who are not practicing an effective means of birth control;
  • Weigh less than 48 kg;
  • Are abusing illegal drugs;
  • Are unable to give adequate informed consent;
  • Upon review of past and current drugs/medication must not be on or have taken a medication that is exclusionary;
  • Upon review of medical or psychiatric history must not have any current or past diagnosis that would be considered a risk to participation in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01458327


Locations
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United States, South Carolina
Offices of Michael Mithoefer
Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, United States, 29464
Sponsors and Collaborators
Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael C Mithoefer, MD Psychiatrist
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] June 20, 2011

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Responsible Party: Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01458327    
Other Study ID Numbers: MP1-E2
First Posted: October 24, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 3, 2021
Last Update Posted: July 6, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Keywords provided by Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies:
MDMA
PTSD
therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders