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Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate Compared With Aclidinium Bromide and Formoterol Fumarate in Patients With Moderate to Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01437397
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 20, 2011
Results First Posted : March 23, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this Phase III study is to assess the maintenance bronchodilator effects of the fixed dose combination versus monotherapies. This study will also assess the effects of the fixed dose combination in terms of COPD symptoms, disease related health status and the long-term safety and tolerability of the fixed dose combination. This study will include a 24 week treatment period, preceding by a run-in period, followed by a two week follow up visit. All patients will be randomized to one of four treatment arms or placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Drug: Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate Drug: Aclidinium Bromide Drug: Formoterol Fumarate Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1692 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Two Fixed Dose Combinations of Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate Compared With Aclidinium Bromide, Formoterol Fumarate and Placebo for 24- Weeks Treatment in Patients With Moderate to Severe, Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).
Study Start Date : September 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Aclidinium/formoterol Fixed Dose Combination (FDC) 400/12μg
Drug: Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate
Inhaled Aclidinium/formoterol FDC 400/12μg, twice per day

Experimental: 2
Aclidinium/formoterol Fixed Dose Combination (FDC) 400/6μg
Drug: Aclidinium Bromide/Formoterol Fumarate
Inhaled Aclidinium/formoterol FDC 400/6μg, twice per day

Active Comparator: 3
Aclidinium monotherapy 400 μg
Drug: Aclidinium Bromide
Inhaled Aclidinium 400 μg, twice per day

Active Comparator: 4
Formoterol monotherapy 12 μg
Drug: Formoterol Fumarate
Inhaled Formoterol 12 μg, twice per day

Placebo Comparator: 5
Drug: Placebo
Inhaled dose-matched placebo, twice per day

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in 1-hour Morning Post-dose Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: Week 24 of treatment ]
  2. Change From Baseline in Morning Trough Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: Week 24 of treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Transition Dyspnea Index (TDI) Focal Score [ Time Frame: Week 24 of treatment ]
    The TDI measures the change from baseline in severity of breathlessness in symptomatic patients. The TDI contains a rating for 3 categories (functional impairment, magnitude of task, magnitude of effort).TDI scale ranges from -3 (major deterioration) to +3 (major improvement) including a 0 score to indicate "no change". The 3 categories are added to obtain a focal score ranging from -9 (including 0) to +9.

  2. Change From Baseline in St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Total Score [ Time Frame: Week 24 of treatment ]
    St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) measures COPD-specific health outcomes and consists of 2 parts with 3 dimension scores (a symptom score and an activity and impacts score). SGRQ total score is the sum of these scores and ranges from 0 (best health status) to 100 (worst health status).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients at least 40 years of age
  • Current or former cigarette smoker with a cigarette smoking history of at least 10 pack-years
  • A diagnosis of stable moderate to severe COPD and stable airway obstruction as defined by the GOLD guidelines and stable airway obstruction. Patients had to have a postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio < 70% at Visit 1 (GOLD, 2010)
  • Post-albuterol/salbutamol FEV1 values ≥ 30% and < 80% of predicted value. FEV1 was measured at the Screening Visit (Visit 1) 10 to 15 minutes after inhalation of albuterol/salbutamol. Predicted normal used for calculation purposes were based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III predicted values (Hankinson et al, 1999)
  • Able to perform acceptable and repeatable pulmonary function testing for FEV1 according to ATS/ERS criteria (Miller et al, 2005) at Screening Visit (Visit 1) and throughout their participation in the trial
  • Negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin pregnancy test at Visit 1 and must have been using hormonal contraceptives or a barrier method plus a spermicidal agent; otherwise at least 1-year postmenopausal or surgically sterile, defined as having a hysterectomy or tubal ligation (applied to female patients only)
  • Judged by the Principal Investigator to be in otherwise good stable health based on medical history, physical examination, ECGs, and routine laboratory data evaluations
  • Patients previously randomized in an aclidinium monotherapy trial were permitted as long as it had been at least 6 months since the completion of their previous trial participation
  • Able to understand the study procedures and be willing to participate in the study as indicated by signing the informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hospitalization for an acute COPD exacerbation within 3 months before Visit 1
  • Any respiratory tract infection (including the upper respiratory tract) or COPD exacerbation in the 6 weeks before Visit 1. Patients who developed a respiratory tract infection or COPD exacerbation during the washout or run-in period were discontinued from the study before randomization
  • Any clinically significant respiratory conditions other than COPD, including active tuberculosis, history of interstitial lung disease, pulmonary thromboembolic disease, history of α1-antitrypsin deficiency, pulmonary resection, lung volume surgery, or any other thoracic surgery during the past 12 months, history of bronchiectasis secondary to respiratory diseases other than COPD (eg, cystic fibrosis, Kartagener syndrome), post organ transplantation, or expected to require thoracotomy or other lung surgery during the study
  • Clinical history suggesting that the patient had asthma as opposed to COPD (Study Physician was to be contacted to discuss eligibility, if necessary)
  • Chronic use of oxygen therapy ≥ 15 hours/day
  • Body mass index(BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2
  • Patients who intended to start a pulmonary rehabilitation program during the trial were excluded, as well as those who finished or started it within 3 months prior to Screening Visit
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular conditions including: myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months; newly diagnosed arrhythmia within the previous 3 months; unstable angina; unstable arrhythmia that had required changes in pharmacological therapy or other intervention within the previous 6 months; the presence of an automated implantable cardioverter-defibrillator; history of thoracic surgery within the past year before screening; hospitalization within the previous 12 months for heart failure of New York Heart Association functional class III (marked limitation of physical activity and only comfortable at rest, less than ordinary activity causes fatigue, palpitation or dyspnea), or class IV (unable to carry out any physical activity without discomfort) (Criteria Committee of the New York Heart Association criteria, 1994)
  • Any uncontrolled infection that may have placed the patient at risk resulting from human immunodeficiency virus, active hepatitis and/or patients with diagnosed active tuberculosis
  • QTcB > 470 msec in the resting ECGs performed at Screening (Visit 1), as indicated in the centralized ECG vendor generated report. Patients who were on a stable dose of medication that may prolong the QTc, but had a documented, stable, and normal QTc, could have been considered
  • QTcB > 470 msec in the resting ECGs performed before randomization at Visit 2, as indicated in the paper tracing generated by the Sponsor-provided ECG equipment
  • Clinically relevant abnormalities in the results of the clinical laboratory tests, in ECG parameters other than QTc, or in the physical examination or vital signs at Visit 1 except for those related to COPD
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within the previous 5 years
  • Any other serious or uncontrolled physical or mental condition/disease that, as judged by the Investigator, could have placed the patient at higher risk derived from his/her participation in the study, could have confounded the results of the study, or would be likely to have prevented the patient from complying with the requirements of the study or completing the study. If there was a history of such disease, but the condition had been stable for more than 1 year and was judged by the Investigator not to interfere with the patient's participation in the study, the patient may have been included, with the documented approval of the Study Physician
  • History of hypersensitivity reaction to inhaled anticholinergics, beta-2 agonists, sympathomimetic amines, or inhaled medication or any component thereof (including report of paradoxical bronchospasm) or a history of acute urinary retention, symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia, bladder neck obstruction, or narrow-angle glaucoma. (Note: Patients who had well controlled, stable, asymptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia were not to be excluded)
  • Sitting, resting systolic BP ≥ 160 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 100 mm Hg at Visit 1 and Visit 2
  • Unable to use a multidose dry-powder inhaler or a pressurized metered-dose inhaler
  • Treatment with any other investigational product within 30 days (or 6 half-lives, whichever was longer) before Visit 1
  • Previous participation in a clinical trial with aclidinium bromide in an FDC therapy
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Current diagnosis of cancer (present in the patient) other than basal or squamous cell skin cancer. Patients who had a history of cancer must have been cleared before Visit 1 (Screening) on a case-by-case basis
  • Patients who did not maintain regular day/night, waking/sleeping cycles (eg, night shift workers)
  • Patients who intended to use any concomitant medication not permitted by this protocol or who had not undergone the required washout period for a particular prohibited medication (Appendix III of the protocol, which can be found in Appendix 16.1.1 of this report)
  • Patients who were unlikely to be compliant with study requirements (eg, take their medication, complete their electronic diaries, attend clinic at the required times)
  • Patients who were employees or relatives of employees of the investigative study center, FRI, Almirall, SA, or Pharmaceutical Product Development (PPD, Inc.)
  • Patients who had any other conditions that, in the Investigator's opinion, might have indicated the patient to be unsuitable for the study or supported excluding the patient from the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01437397

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Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Esther Garcia, MD AstraZeneca
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: AstraZeneca Identifier: NCT01437397    
Other Study ID Numbers: LAC-MD-31
First Posted: September 20, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 23, 2017
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic Bronchitis
Airflow Obstruction, Chronic
Chronic Airflow Obstruction
Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease
Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Chronic Disease
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Formoterol Fumarate
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action