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1-Methyl-D-Tryptophan and Docetaxel in Treating Patients With Metastatic Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01191216
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 30, 2010
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of giving 1-methyl-d-tryptophan and docetaxel together in treating patients with metastatic solid tumors. Biological therapies, such as 1-methyl-d-tryptophan, may stop the growth of tumor cells by stimulating the immune system and by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving 1-methyl-d-tryptophan with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: 1-methyl-d-tryptophan Drug: docetaxel Other: diagnostic laboratory biomarker analysis Other: pharmacological study Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. The MTD of the 1-MT/docetaxel combination using CTCAE 4.0 criteria.


I. Determination of PK data for the combination of docetaxel plus oral 1-MT.Overall objective response rate (CR, PR) per RECIST criteria.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive oral 1-methyl-d-tryptophan twice daily on days 1-21 and docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 (in course one patients receive 1-methyl-d-tryptophan once daily on days 1 and 3-21). Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood samples are collected periodically for pharmacokinetic and correlative studies.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 27 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of 1-Methyl-D-tryptophan (NSC-721782) in Combination With Docetaxel in Metastatic Solid Tumors
Study Start Date : September 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral 1-methyl-d-tryptophan twice daily on days 1-21 and docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 (in course one patients receive 1-methyl-d-tryptophan once daily on days 1 and 3-21).
Drug: 1-methyl-d-tryptophan
Other Name: indoximod

Drug: docetaxel
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT

Other: diagnostic laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MTD defined as the dose level in which 1 of 6 patients experiences DLT assessed using CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 21 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PK data [ Time Frame: 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 hours ]
  2. Overall objective response rate per RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: From the start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence ]
    The analysis will be descriptive in nature as it will include patients with metastatic solid tumors.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic solid malignancy

    • Preference will be given to patients whose malignancies are treated with docetaxel as part of routine therapy
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as ≥ 20 mm with conventional techniques or as ≥ 10 mm with spiral CT scan
  • Patients with known brain metastases will only be eligible after their tumors have been treated with definitive resection and/or radiotherapy and they are neurologically stable for at least 1 month off steroids
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2 (Karnofsky ≥ 60%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 4 months
  • Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/μL
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/μL
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/μL
  • Total bilirubin normal
  • AST/ALT ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Sexually active women of child-bearing potential must agree to use two forms of contraception (hormonal and barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for a minimum of 1 month after completion of the study; men should be discouraged from fathering children while on treatment
  • No history of gastrointestinal disease causing malabsorption or obstruction such as, but not limited to, Crohn's disease, celiac sprue, tropical sprue, bacterial overgrowth/blind loop syndrome, gastric bypass surgery, strictures, adhesions, achalasia, bowel obstruction, or extensive small bowel resection
  • No patients with any active autoimmune disease (i.e., psoriasis, extensive atopic dermatitis, asthma, IBD, M.S., uveitis, vasculitis), chronic inflammatory condition, or any condition requiring concurrent use of any systemic immunosuppressants or steroids for any reason

    • Mild-intermittent asthma requiring ONLY occasional beta-agonist inhaler use or mild localized eczema allowed
  • No uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction or percutaneous coronary interventions within the last 6 months, cardiac arrhythmia, active autoimmune diseases, or major psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements as judged by the primary investigator at each site

    • Patients with well-controlled, chronic medical conditions under the supervision of the patient's primary physician (i.e., hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus) are eligible
  • No HIV-positive patients or those with other acquired/inherited immunodeficiencies
  • No patients with more than one active malignancy at the time of enrollment
  • No history of allergic reactions (significant urticaria, angioedema, anaphylaxis) attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to 1-methyl-d-tryptophan (this wouldi nclude L-tryptophan or 5-hydroxy-tryptophan supplements) or history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to docetaxel or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80
  • No patients with an allo-transplant of any kind (this would include those with a xenograft heart valve)
  • No prior treatment with experimental systemic immunotherapies such as CTLA-4 mAb (with the exception of vaccines)
  • No patients who have received any prior experimental active immunotherapy consisting of targeted monoclonal antibodies or pharmaceutical compounds

    • Patients who have received prior experimental vaccine may be enrolled if approved by the PI
    • Patients who have received commercially available active immunotherapies such as adjuvant interferon must have completed therapy over 1 year prior to enrollment and have no evidence of autoimmune sequelae
    • Prior therapy with approved monoclonal antibodies such as bevacizumab, cetuximab, panitumumab, or trastuzumab allowed
  • No patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients may not have received docetaxel in the metastatic setting previously, but are eligible for the trial if they received docetaxel in the adjuvant setting and at least one year elapsed between completion of adjuvant chemotherapy and disease recurrence
  • Patients may have received any number of prior chemotherapy treatments
  • Patients may not be concomitantly receiving any other investigational agents or standard therapies with the intent of treating their malignancy while on study
  • No supplements containing L-tryptophan or derivatives there of are allowed to be taken while on study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01191216

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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Georgia
Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Montana
Billings Clinic
Billings, Montana, United States, 59107-7000
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Hatem Soliman H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01191216    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02528
NCI-2011-02528 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MCC16264 ( Other Identifier: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute )
8784 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM00100 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA076292 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 30, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2014
Last Verified: April 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs