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An Open-Label, 2-Cohort, Multicenter, Study of Lenvatinib in Previously Treated Subjects With Unresectable Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01136967
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 4, 2010
Results First Posted : March 16, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eisai Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the objective response rate of lenvatinib in previously treated participants with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) unresectable Stage III or Stage IV melanoma and disease progression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Unresectable Stage III Stage IV Melanoma Drug: Lenvatinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This was a Phase 2, multicenter, open-label, 2-cohort, 2-stage study that assessed the ORR of lenvatinib in previously treated participants with AJCC unresectable Stage III or Stage IV melanoma and disease progression. Cohort 1 enrolled participants not harboring the V600E BRAF mutation with disease progression following up to 2 prior systemic anticancer regimens (excluding anti-VEGF) for unresectable Stage III or Stage IV melanoma, and is referred to as Cohort 1 or V600E BRAF negative. Other less common BRAF activating mutations were allowed as long as the participant did not receive a BRAF-targeted therapy. Cohort 2 enrolled participants harboring the activating BRAF mutations (mainly the V600E mutation) with disease progression following BRAF V600E-targeted therapy, and is referred to as Cohort 2 or V600E BRAF positive. Eligible participants had measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 182 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, 2-Cohort, Multicenter, Phase 2 Study of E7080 (Lenvatinib) in Previously Treated Subjects With Unresectable Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma
Actual Study Start Date : August 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
Drug Information available for: Lenvatinib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1 (V600E BRAF negative)
Cohort 1 (V600E BRAF negative) enrolled participants not harboring the V600E BRAF mutation with disease progression following up to 2 prior systemic anticancer regimens (excluding anti-VEGF) for unresectable Stage III or Stage IV melanoma.
Drug: Lenvatinib
Participants received lenvatinib 24 mg orally, once daily continuously in 28-day cycles until disease progression, development of unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of consent.
Other Name: E7080

Experimental: Cohort 2 (V600E BRAF positive)
Cohort 2 (V600E BRAF positive) enrolled participants harboring the activating BRAF mutations (mainly the V600E mutation) with disease progression following BRAF V600E-targeted therapy.
Drug: Lenvatinib
Participants received lenvatinib 24 mg orally, once daily continuously in 28-day cycles until disease progression, development of unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of consent.
Other Name: E7080




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start until all participants completed a minimum of 6 cycles (28-day cycles) or discontinued treatment prior to end of Cycle 6 (up to 24 weeks) ]
    ORR, (ORR = CR + PR) was defined as the percentage of participants in each cohort who had a best overall response (BOR) of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) based on Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 for target lesions assessed by magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography (MRI/CT) scans and independent radiologic review (IRR). A BOR of CR required confirmation by a subsequent CR assessment at least 4 weeks later. A BOR of PR required confirmation by a subsequent assessment of CR or PR at least 4 weeks later. CR was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) had to have a reduction in short axis to less than (<)10 mm. PR was defined as at least a 30 percent (%) decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start until documentation of disease progression or death from any cause (whichever occurred first) or up to data cutoff (Cohort 1; 15 Jan 2012 and Cohort 2; 15 Apr 2013), up to approximately 2 years 8 months ]
    PFS was measured as the time from the date of first administration of study treatment until the date of first documentation of disease progression or date of death from any cause (whichever occurred first), as determined by IRR and Investigator based on RECIST v1.1. Disease progression per RECIST v1.1 was defined as at least a 20% relative increase and 5 mm absolute increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions (taking as reference the smallest sum on study) recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions. PFS was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier (1958) product-limit estimates. Data were presented with 2-sided 95% confidence interval (CI) when an adequate number of at risk participants warranted the estimates in the table below.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start until date of death from any cause or up to data cutoff (Cohort 1; 15 Jan 2012 and Cohort 2; 15 Apr 2013), up to approximately 2 years 8 months ]
    OS was defined as the length of time in months from the date of first administration of study drug until the date of death from any cause, and was based on the data cutoff date for each cohort. OS was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier (1958) product-limit estimates. Data were presented with 2-sided 95% CI when an adequate number of at risk participants warranted the estimates in the table below.

  3. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start until documentation of disease progression or death from any cause (whichever occurred first) or up to data cutoff (Cohort 1; 15 Jan 2012 and Cohort 2; 15 Apr 2013), up to approximately 2 years 8 months ]
    DCR, (DCR = CR + PR + SD) was defined as the percentage of participants who had a BOR of CR or PR or stable disease (SD) based on RECIST v1.1 for target lesions assessed by MRI/CT and IRR. CR was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions, any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) had to have a reduction in short axis to <10 mm.; PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR. SD defined as reduction in tumor volume of < 30% or an increase in the volume of 1 or more measurable lesions of < 25% without the appearance of any new lesions which was neither tumor shrinkage corresponding to PR nor tumor expansion corresponding to disease progression. BOR of SD, time from first administration of study drug until date of documented SD needed to be >=7 weeks based on IRR and Investigator's assessment.

  4. Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start until documentation of disease progression or death from any cause (whichever occurred first) or up to data cutoff (Cohort 1; 15 Jan 2012 and Cohort 2; 15 Apr 2013), up to approximately 2 years 8 months ]
    CBR, (CBR = CR + PR + durable SD rate) was defined as the percentage of participants who had a BOR of CR or PR or durable SD (dSD, SD lasting >=23 weeks) based on RECIST v1.1 for target lesions assessed by MRI/CT, IRR and Investigator's assessment. A BOR of CR required confirmation by a subsequent CR assessment at least 4 weeks later. A BOR of PR required confirmation by a subsequent assessment of CR or PR at least 4 weeks later. CR was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions, any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) had to have a reduction in short axis to less than 10 mm. PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; OR = CR + PR. A BOR of dSD, the time from the first administration of study drug until the date of documented dSD needed to be ≥23 weeks based on IRR and Investigator's assessment.

  5. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs)/ Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability of Lenvatinib [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start up to 30 days after the last dose, or up to data cutoff (Cohort 1; 15 Jan 2012 and Cohort 2; 15 Apr 2013), up to approximately 2 years 9 months ]
    Safety was assessed by monitoring and recording all AEs including all Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grades and SAEs; regular monitoring of hematology, clinical chemistry, and urine values; physical examinations; and regular measurement of vital signs, electrocardiograms (ECGs), and multi-gated acquisition (MUGA) scans or echocardiogram.

  6. Change From Baseline in the Concentration of Clinical Biomarkers in Whole Blood [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 15 (C1 D15), Cycle 2 Day 1 (C2 D1), Cycle 3 Day 1 (C3 D1), Off-Treatment/Phase Visit 98 (V98) ]
    Blood samples were drawn at specific time points. Utilizing a standard protocol, the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from whole blood was extracted and analyzed for specific biomarkers of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of lenvatinib. Some of the biomarkers analyzed included; Angiopoietin, Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF), Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF), FMS Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 Ligand (Flt3l) Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF), Granulocyte Macro Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF), Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist (IL-1RA), Interferon (IFN), Macrophage Inflammatory Protein (MIP) 1 alpha, Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF), Stromal Cell Derived Factor (SDF) 1 alpha, Interleukin (IL), Transforming Growth Factor (TGF), Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF), Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF).

  7. Summary of Plasma Concentration of Lenvatinib [ Time Frame: Predose and 2 to 12 hours postdose at Cycle 1 Day 1 (C1D1), Cycle 1 Day 15 (C1D15), and Cycle 2 Day 1 (C2D1) ]
    Blood samples for the quantification of lenvatinib in plasma were obtained and processed using a standardized protocol. The lower limit of quantification was 0.25 ng/mL. Pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis was conducted using nonlinear mixed effects modeling. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize lenvatinib plasma concentration data.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of melanoma.
  2. Unresectable Stage III or Stage IV melanoma.
  3. Evidence of disease progression according to RECIST 1.1 on prior regimen.
  4. Participants with brain metastases will be eligible if they have undergone complete surgical excision and are more then 1 month post surgery with no radiographic evidence of disease recurrence in the brain or have undergone stereotactic radio surgery (gamma knife procedure) and are more then 1 month post procedure and with no radiographic evidence of disease progression in the brain; and are asymptomatic, and discontinued corticosteroid treatment at least 30 days prior starting treatment.
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  6. Adequately controlled blood pressure.
  7. Adequate renal function, bone marrow function, blood coagulation function, and liver function, as defined in the study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Melanoma of intraocular origin.
  2. Leptomeningeal metastases or brain metastases except as for participants with brain metastases will be eligible if they have undergone complete surgical excision and are more then 1 month post surgery with no radiographic evidence of disease recurrence in the brain or have undergone stereotactic radio surgery (gamma knife procedure) and are more then 1 month post procedure and with no radiographic evidence of disease progression in the brain; and are asymptomatic, and discontinued corticosteroid treatment at least 30 days prior starting treatment.
  3. More than 2 prior systemic anticancer regimen treatments including immunotherapies for unresectable Stage III or Stage IV disease (if BRAF V600E mutation negative) or not previously treated with BRAF V600E-targeted therapy or received in the past more than 2 prior systemic anticancer regimen treatments, including immunotherapies, in addition to a BRAF-V600E-targeted therapy (if BRAF V600E mutation positive).
  4. Significant cardiovascular impairment.
  5. Bleeding disorder or a thrombotic disorder requiring anticoagulant therapy.
  6. Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  7. Prolongation of QTc interval to greater than 480 msec.
  8. 24 hour urine protein greater than or equal to 1 gm.
  9. Active hemoptysis within 3 wks prior to the first dose of study drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01136967


Locations
Show Show 95 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eisai Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Eisai US Medical Services Eisai Limited
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Responsible Party: Eisai Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01136967    
Other Study ID Numbers: E7080-G000-206
First Posted: June 4, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Update Posted: November 13, 2019
Last Verified: November 2016
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Lenvatinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action