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The Efficacy of Enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium (EC-MPS) (Myfortic) in The Treatment of Relapse or Resistant Proliferative Lupus Nephritis (CONTROL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01015456
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Data Safety Monitoring Board concerning of the participants' safety)
First Posted : November 18, 2009
Last Update Posted : October 10, 2014
Clinical Research Collaborative Network
Health Intervention and Technology Assessment Program (HITAP)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yingyos Avihingsanon, Chulalongkorn University

Brief Summary:
To investigate the efficacy and safety of enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (Myfortic) as compared to intravenous cyclophosphamide in the treatment of active nephritis. The primary outcomes are complete and partial renal remission, as assessed by renal function, urinary sediment and proteinuria in patients with International Society of Nephrology/ Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) class III or IV lupus nephritis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lupus Nephritis Drug: mycophenolate sodium Drug: cyclophosphamide Phase 3

Detailed Description:

In this study, there are two sub-studies in order to define secondary endpoints.

  1. Pharmacokinetics study of Mycophenolic acid
  2. Identify biomarkers for therapy-resistant prediction.
  3. Identify biomarkers for predicting a loss of kidney function.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Clinical Efficacy and Economic Evaluation of EC-MPS (Myfortic) in the Treatment of Relapse or Resistant Proliferative Lupus Nephritis
Study Start Date : January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Oral mycophenolate sodium 1440 mg per day for 12 months
Drug: mycophenolate sodium
per oral, twice daily, for 12 months
Other Name: Myfortic

Active Comparator: 2
Intravenous cyclophosphamide monthly for 6 months
Drug: cyclophosphamide
intravenous, monthly, for 6 months
Other Name: Cytoxan

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium at 12 months in the treatment of lupus nephritis [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The cost-effectiveness of using enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium as compared to standard treatment [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  2. The ratio of patients with declined renal function [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  3. Time to remission [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 16 years of above at the time of screening
  • ability and willingness to provide written informed consent (or to obtain consent from parent guardian where applicable) and to comply with the schedule of protocol requirements
  • Diagnosis of SLE according to ACR criteria. At least 4 criteria must have been present for the diagnosis of SLE. The 4 criteria do not have to be present at the time of screening
  • Active lupus nephritis defined as follows: Biopsy proven (within 16 weeks prior to screening) ISN Class III or IV (A or A/C) not include III(C) IV(C) and VI (>90% chronic irreversible scarring)
  • Relapse or resistant to (3 consecutive doses) IVCY
  • Resistant lupus or Relapse lupus nephritis defined as follows:

    • Increase in serum creatinine >/= 0.3 mg/dl or
    • Increase in proteinuria > 1.5 g/day (which must have improved by ≥ 50% in the preceding 3 months)
  • Life-time cumulative dose of IVCY > 6 grams
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy

Exclusion Criteria:

Relates to SLE

  • Diagnosis of rapid progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN): doubling serum creatinine and/or crescentic glomeruli ≥ 30%
  • Severe renal impairment as defined by calculated creatinine clearance or MDRD-GFR < 30 ml/min(except creatinine clearance or MDRD-GFR > 50 ml/min in the 12 weeks prior to screening)
  • History of serious disease or complication in any organ system that not appropriate to treatment immunosuppressive drug groups.
  • Severe extra-renal organ involvement

Related to Treatment

  • Previous of any Mycophenolate groups in the 6 months prior to screening
  • Treatment with any investigational drugs in the 3 months prior to screening

Related to General Health

  • Pregnancy or breast feeding mothers.
  • Concomitant condition which has required treatment moderate to high dose steroid in the 12 weeks prior to screening.
  • Evidence of significant uncontrolled concomitant disease in any organ system not related to SLE.
  • History of cancer, including solid tumors, hematological malignancies and carcinoma.
  • Evidence of current abuse of drugs or alcohol.

Related to Laboratory Findings

  • Neutrophile < 1,500/mm3, Hb < 7g/L, Platelet < 50,000/mm3 (except active SLE)
  • Positive HBsAg or anti-HCV or anti-HIV.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01015456

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Nopparat Rajathani
Bangkok, Thailand
Khon Kaen University
Khon Kaen, Thailand
Thammasart University
Pathumthani, Thailand
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chulalongkorn University
Clinical Research Collaborative Network
Health Intervention and Technology Assessment Program (HITAP)
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Principal Investigator: Yingyos Avihingsanon, MD Chulalongkorn University
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Yingyos Avihingsanon, Associate Professor., Chulalongkorn University Identifier: NCT01015456    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009-001
Lupus Research Unit
First Posted: November 18, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 10, 2014
Last Verified: October 2014
Keywords provided by Yingyos Avihingsanon, Chulalongkorn University:
lupus nephritis
mycophenolate sodium
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lupus Nephritis
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Mycophenolic Acid
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors