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A Study to Determine the Activity of Robatumumab (SCH 717454, MK-7454) in Participants With Relapsed or Recurrent Colorectal Cancer (P04721, MK-7454-003)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00551213
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 30, 2007
Results First Posted : December 15, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study was to determine the activity of two doses of robatumumab (SCH 717454, MK-7454) in participants with relapsed or recurrent colorectal cancer.

The primary study hypothesis was that decreases in Positron Emission Tomography (PET)-assessed tumor glucose metabolism (i.e., fluorodeoxyglucose [FDG] standardized uptake value [SUV]) following administration of 10 mg/kg robatumumab will exceed those following administration of 0.3 mg/kg robatumumab in participants with relapsed or recurrent colorectal cancer who had progressed after first-line chemotherapy.

Investigator choices of standard chemotherapy: irinotecan as a single agent +/- cetuximab OR capecitabine as a single agent, OR FOLFOX (leucovorin calcium [folinic acid][FOL] + fluorouracil [F] + oxaliplatin [OX]) OR CAPEO(capecitabine [CAPE] or Xeloda® [XEL] + oxaliplatin [OX]) OR FOLFIRI (leucovorin calcium [folinic acid][FOL] + fluorouracil [F] + irinotecan [IRI]) +/- cetuximab OR cetuximab as a single agent.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Biological: Robatumumab Drug: Irinotecan Biological: Cetuximab Drug: Capecitabine Drug: FOLFOX Drug: CAPEOX/XELOX Drug: FOLFIRI Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Standard chemotherapy was used as a positive validation arm. Randomization was performed so that there could be no bias in the selection of participants for enrollment into the fixed-sequence arms. Once three chemotherapy-treated participants demonstrated decreases in FDG-PET SUV in the target lesion (i.e., >20% decrease in SUVmax in the defined target lesion) in the PET/computed tomography (CT) scan performed following Cycle 1 Period 1 treatment, it was concluded that this positive validation arm had accomplished its purpose, and all subsequent participants enrolled in the study were assigned treatment with robatumumab for Period 1. There was no intention to compare the data in either period across participants who received chemotherapy with those who received robatumumab.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 67 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Fixed-Sequence, Open-Label Study to Determine the Activity of SCH 717454 as Assessed by Positron Emission Tomography in Subjects With Relapsed or Recurrent Colorectal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 21, 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 4, 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : June 4, 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Robatumumab→Robatumumab
Participants receive 1 dose of robatumumab 0.3 mg/kg intravenously (IV) followed by 1 dose of robatumumab 10 mg/kg IV once every 2 weeks (Q2W) until disease progression. A cycle of robatumumab is defined as 2 weeks of treatment (i.e., 1 dose of robatumumab) with no recovery period between cycles.
Biological: Robatumumab
Active Comparator: Chemotherapy→Robatumumab
Participants receive 1 cycle of standard colorectal cancer chemotherapy currently approved and available on the market for use in colorectal cancer (to be selected by the Investigator based on participant's prior treatment) followed by 1 dose of robatumumab 10 mg/kg IV Q2W until disease progression. A cycle of robatumumab is defined as 2 weeks of treatment (i.e., 1 dose of robatumumab) with no recovery period between cycles.
Biological: Robatumumab
Drug: Irinotecan
Biological: Cetuximab
Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: FOLFOX
Leucovorin calcium (folinic acid)(FOL) + 5-fluorouracil (F)+ oxaliplatin (OX)

Drug: CAPEOX/XELOX
Capecitabine (CAPE) or Xeloda® (XEL) + oxaliplatin (OX)

Drug: FOLFIRI
Leucovorin calcium (folinic acid)(FOL) + 5-fluorouracil (F)+ irinotecan (IRI)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With a >20% Decrease in Positron Emission Tomography (PET)-Assessed Tumor Glucose Metabolism: Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) Standardized Uptake Value (SUV) in the Target Lesion [ Time Frame: After the first robatumumab dose in Period 2 (Up to approximately 4 weeks after first robatumumab dose in Period 1) ]
    FDG-PET was used in this study to detect the biological activity of modulation of the target within the tumor. Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.0 was used to select the target lesion. All measurable lesions up to a maximum of 5 lesions per organ and 10 lesions in total, representative of all involved organs were identified as target lesions and recorded and measured at Baseline. The changes in SUVmax were calculated using the formula: (endpoint SUVmax - baseline SUVmax)/baseline SUVmax as a percentage. If multiple lesions had been measured at a visit, percentages calculated for all target lesions were averaged to find the decrease during the treatment period per participant. FDG SUVmax responder was defined as participants with >20% decrease in SUVmax after the first cycle of robatumumab in Period 2.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Experienced One or More Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of study drug (Up to approximately 22 weeks) ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered study drug which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the study drug. AEs may include the onset of new illness and the exacerbation of pre-existing conditions.

  2. Best Overall Tumor Response Per Investigator Review [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of study drug (Up to approximately 22 weeks) ]
    Tumor response was assessed by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans using RECIST v 1.0 criteria at Screening, at every 8 weeks of robatumumab treatment during Period 2 and at post study. A sum of the longest diameter (LD) for all target lesions was calculated and reported as the baseline sum LD. Overall tumor responses were defined as: Complete Response (CR) - Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR) - At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD; Progressive Disease (PD) - At least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions; or Stable Disease (SD) - Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum LD since the treatment started.

  3. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Drug Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to last dose of study drug (Up to approximately 18 weeks) ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered study drug which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the study drug. AEs may include the onset of new illness and the exacerbation of pre-existing conditions.

  4. Best Overall Tumor Response Per Central Review [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of study drug (Up to approximately 22 weeks) ]
    Tumor response was assessed by CT or MRI scan using RECIST v1.0 criteria at Screening, at every 8 weeks of robatumumab treatment during Period 2 and at post study. A sum of the LD for all target lesions was calculated and reported as the baseline sum LD. Overall tumor responses were defined as: Complete Response (CR) - Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR) - At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD; Progressive Disease (PD) - At least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions; or Stable Disease (SD) - Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum LD since the treatment started.

  5. Change From Baseline in Tumor Growth Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to approximately 22 weeks ]
    Tumor growth rate was assessed by CT or MRI scans using RECIST criteria at Screening, at every 8 weeks of robatumumab treatment and at post study. For Pre Baseline 1, tumor growth rate=(sum of longest diameter of target lesions at Baseline - the most recent prior to Baseline)/duration between Baseline and Pre Baseline. For all other cycles, tumor growth rate=(sum of longest diameter of target lesions at a cycle - Baseline)/ duration between Baseline and the cycle. The cycles presented below are relative to the first dose of robatumumab in Period 1.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Older than 18 years of age, of any race, and gender;
  • Diagnosis of histologically confirmed relapsed or recurrent colorectal carcinoma that has progressed on at least first-line therapy;
  • Must have a computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan performed at some point during their immediate prior treatment or observation in order to determine tumor growth rate;
  • Must have measurable disease on a CT or MRI study, performed during Screening;
  • Must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of <=2 and a minimum life expectancy of ≥4 months;
  • Must have adequate organ function within 3 weeks prior to treatment assignment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of another malignancy;
  • Known treated or untreated leptomeningeal metastasis, or a metastatic central nervous system lesion;
  • Surgery within 3 weeks;
  • Radiation therapy within 6 weeks;
  • A history of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, defined as a hemoglobin A1C of >7.5% in a participant with known diabetes mellitus;
  • A recent myocardial infarction (within the past year); or a participant who at the time of Screening presents with unstable or uncontrolled angina, New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, clinically significant cardiac dysrhythmia or clinically significant electrocardiogram abnormality;
  • An active infection;
  • Has clinically significant hepatitis at Screening, or is hepatitis C antibody positive, hepatitis B surface antigen positive, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00551213


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Study Data/Documents: CSR Synopsis  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00551213     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P04721
MK-7454-003 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
First Posted: October 30, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 15, 2015
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: https://www.merck.com/clinical-trials/pdf/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
anti-IGF-1R

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Capecitabine
Irinotecan
Cetuximab
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs