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Cardiac T2* in Beta-thalassemia Patients on Deferasirox Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00447694
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 15, 2007
Results First Posted : June 7, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 14, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this trial is to evaluate changes in cardiac iron as measured by MRI T2* in beta-thalassemia patients with deferasirox treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Beta-thalassemia Iron Overload Drug: Deferasirox Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label Trial Evaluating Cardiac T2* in Beta-thalassemia Patients on Deferasirox (ICL670) Treatment for 18 Months
Study Start Date : February 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Iron Thalassemia
Drug Information available for: Deferasirox

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: deferasirox every day for 77 weeks
Participants received Deferasirox 30 milligrams per kilogram per day (mg/kg/day) orally once daily (OD), 30 minutes before breakfast, preferably around the same time every morning if possible. Deferasirox tablets were dropped into water or orange juice, or apple juice and stirred until completely dispersed. For doses less than 1 gram (g), tablets were dissolved in at least 100 milliliter (mL) of liquid; for doses of 1 to 3 g, tablets were dissolved in at least 200 mL. After tablets were fully disintegrated, the liquid was promptly consumed.
Drug: Deferasirox
Oral deferasirox 30mg/kg/day once per day for 77 weeks.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) T2* and Absolute Change From Baseline in MRI T2* [ Time Frame: From Baseline to 25, 49, 77 Week ]
    Cardiac T2* was measured in the short axis plane at the widest point of a 4-chamber localizer using custom breath-hold R2* gradient echo sequences modeled after techniques used by Anderson et al (2001) and Westwood et al (2003).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Liver Iron Concentration (LIC) Was Measured by MRI R2 From Absolute Change From Baseline to 101 Weeks [ Time Frame: From Baseline to 25, 49, 77 Week ]
    MRI evaluation of liver iron concentration has been validated by liver biopsy (St Pierre et al 2005). Studies comparing T2* values of liver iron concentration (LIC) with LIC as assessed by biopsy have confirmed that T2* values reflect liver iron content (Wood et al 2003b). Direct tissue-validation of cardiac T2* measurements in humans has not been performed because endomyocardial biopsy is a dangerous and unreliable indicator of cardiac iron overload (Olson et al 1989, Fitchett et al 1980). However, it has been shown that cardiac T2* accurately reflects cardiac iron in a gerbil iron cardiomyopathy model (Wood et al 2004b). T2* measurements have shown excellent inter-scanner and inter-exam reproducibility, making them suitable for longitudinal monitoring (Westwood et al 2003a, Westwood et al 2003b).

  2. Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) and Change in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction From Baseline to 101 Weeks [ Time Frame: From Baseline to 25, 49, 77 Week ]
    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-measured cardiac T2* and cardiac function reflected by left and right ventricle ejection fraction. A standardized MRI protocol for T2* acquisition technique will be used in the centers. Images will be reviewed centrally by an expert MRI reader.

  3. Serum Ferritin and Changes From Baseline in Serum Ferritin During Study [ Time Frame: From Baseline to 25, 49, 77 Week ]
    Serum ferritin will be assessed at each study visit. Analysis was performed in Completer population consists of those participants who had a Week 77 MRI.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female β-thalassemia outpatients on chronic transfusion therapy (defined as > 8 transfusions per year)
  • Lifetime minimum of 100 previous packed red blood cell transfusions
  • Patients currently on chelation therapy will require a one day wash out prior to the first dose of study drug
  • Age ≥ 10 years
  • Sexually active females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test and use an effective method of contraception, or must have undergone clinically documented total hysterectomy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Ejection Fraction < 56 % measured using steady-state free precession imaging by MRI
  • Contraindication to MRI, including cardiac pacemaker, brain aneurysm clip, implanted neurostimulator, insulin pump, cochlear implant, metal slivers in the eyes, intrauterine device or any other MRI incompatible metal implants or intractable claustrophobia
  • Abnormal laboratory values as defined by the protocol
  • Clinical or laboratory evidence of active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C
  • History of HIV positive test result (ELISA or Western blot)
  • Uncontrolled systemic hypertension
  • Second or third degree A-V block
  • Life-threatening arrhythmias, including sustained ventricular tachycardia and aborted sudden death, within the last year
  • History of cardiac conditions or unstable cardiac disease not controlled by standard medical therapy
  • History of clinically relevant ocular toxicity related to iron chelation
  • Systemic diseases (cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, etc.) which would prevent study treatment
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding (documented negative pregnancy test required for study entry)
  • Patients enrolled in an ongoing clinical trial of deferasirox (ICL670) cannot be withdrawn in order to participate in this study
  • Treatment with systemic investigational drug within the past 4 weeks or topical investigational drug within the past 7 days
  • Other surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of any drug
  • History of non-compliance to medical regimens or patients who are considered potentially unreliable and/or not cooperative
  • Other inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00447694

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United States, California
Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
Children's Hospital and Research Center at Oakland
Oakland, California, United States, 94609
United States, Illinois
Children's Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Principal Investigator: Thomas Coates, MD Childresn's Hospital of Los Angeles
Principal Investigator: Alexis Thompson, MD Children's Memorial Hospital of Chicago
Principal Investigator: Paul Harmatz, MD Children's Hospital and Research Center at Oakland
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Novartis Identifier: NCT00447694    
Other Study ID Numbers: CICL670AUS04
First Posted: March 15, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 7, 2021
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021
Keywords provided by Novartis:
Iron Chelation
Iron overload
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Iron Overload
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Iron Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Iron Chelating Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action