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Phase II Trial of Lonafarnib (a Farnesyltransferase Inhibitor) for Progeria

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00425607
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 23, 2007
Results First Posted : May 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Monica E. Kleinman, Boston Children's Hospital

Brief Summary:
This is an open label dose adjusted phase II trial of the oral farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI) lonafarnib (SCH66336) for patients with HGPS and progeroid laminopathies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Progeria Hutchinson-Gilford Syndrome Drug: Lonafarnib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is a rare "premature aging" disease in which all children die at an average age of thirteen years (range 8-20 years) of severe atherosclerosis leading to strokes and heart attacks. It is a multisystem disease with objective clinical markers for disease progression. These include abnormalities in growth and body composition, bone mineral density, joint function, endocrine function, alopecia, and vascular disease. There is no effective therapy for any of the progressive and deleterious aspects of this disorder.

The gene defect causing HGPS and most progeroid laminopathies has been identified as a mutation in the gene LMNA, coding for the nuclear protein lamin A. Lamin A is normally expressed by most differentiated cells, and requires posttranslational farnesylation to incorporate into the nuclear membrane. The lamin A C-terminal peptide, including the farnesyl group, is subsequently cleaved, and mature lamin A becomes a prominent component of the nuclear scaffold just internal to the nuclear membrane, affecting nuclear structure and function.

In most cases, HGPS is a sporadic autosomal dominant disease caused by a single base alteration (henceforth designated as G608G) in the LMNA gene, which creates a cryptic splice site giving rise to an altered lamin A protein product in which 50 amino acids are deleted. The defective protein product in HGPS (henceforth progerin) lacks the cleavage site for removal of the C-terminal farnesylated peptide, and likely produces disease via dominant negative effects on the nuclear structure and function of various cell types that express lamin A. Most other progeroid laminopathies are caused by various mutations in the LMNA gene, which also subsequently creates abnormally functioning lamin A.

Lonafarnib is a farnesyltransferase inhibitor that blocks the post-translational farnesylation of prelamin A and other proteins that are targets for farnesylation. Farnesylation is essential for the function of both mutant and non-mutant lamin A proteins, including progerin. Therefore, farnesyltransferase inhibitors are ideal candidates for treatment of HGPS, which is caused by a protein (progerin) that likely depends on carrying a farnesyl group to execute its aberrant functions.

Both cell culture and mouse model studies of HGPS demonstrate improved phenotype after exposure to FTI. In vitro, exposure of HGPS skin fibroblasts and progerin-transfected HeLa cells to FTIs, including lonafarnib, prevents preprogerin from intercalating into the nuclear membrane where it normally functions, and eliminates nuclear deformity. In vivo, three Progeria-like mouse models show no appreciable signs of toxicity after FTI administration. In all three of these models, disease is significantly reduced when compared to age-matched controls after oral administration of FTI.

We propose that clinical features of HGPS can be ameliorated or reversed by blocking posttranslational farnesylation via treating patients with lonafarnib. We hypothesize that reduction of the quantity of functional progerin or, in the case of other progeroid laminopathies, other abnormal lamin proteins, will improve disease signs, symptoms and outcome. We also hypothesize that the toxicity profile of FTI inhibition using lonafarnib will be similar to that observed in children with malignant brain tumors treated with the compound.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 29 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label Dose Adjusted Phase II Trial of the Oral Farnesyltransferase Inhibitor (FTI) Lonafarnib (SCH66336) for Patients With Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) and Progeroid Laminopathies
Study Start Date : May 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lonafarnib
All subjects initiated oral Lonafarnib twice daily at a dose of 115mg/m2 and escalated to 150 mg/m2. Two subjects de-escalated to 115mg/m2 following toxicity.
Drug: Lonafarnib
Lonafarnib will be taken orally, twice per day, by all patients enrolled on this study. The drug is supplied to patients in capsule form, and for patients who are unable to swallow pills, the drug may be dissolved into solution. Every patient will start lonafarnib therapy at a dose of 115mg/kg. The study allows for patients to receive a dose escalation (up to 150mg/kg) if the drug is being well-tolerated. Every patient enrolled on this study will undergo two years of lonafarnib therapy.
Other Name: SCH66336

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Participants With Successful Rate of Weight Gain [ Time Frame: Assessed at weeks 16, 32, 52, 68, 84 and 104 ]

    Activity was assessed by determining the change in rate of weight gain over two years from baseline (determined pre-therapy for each patient).

    Primary outcome success was predefined as a 50% increase over pre-therapy in estimated annual rate of weight gain, or change from pre-therapy weight loss to statistically significant on-study weight gain.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients must have confirmatory mutational analysis showing G608G mutation in the lamin A gene.
  • Patients with progeroid laminopathies, showing clinical signs of Progeria but with other confirmed mutations in LMNA will be eligible for therapy. This population will be analyzed separately from those with the classical mutations.
  • Patients must be willing and able to come to Boston for appropriate studies and examinations approximately once every 4 months.
  • Patients must have a minimum of one year of weight data available, with five data points or more, each separated by one month or more over a one year period and approval by the study team.
  • APC (ANC + bands + monocytes = APC) > 1,000/ml, Platelets > 75,000/ml (transfusion independent); Hemoglobin >9g/dl.
  • creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 times normal for age or GFR > 70 ml/min/1.73m2.
  • bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x upper limit of normal for age; SGPT (ALT) < and SGOT (AST) < 5 x normal range for age.
  • PT/PTT < 120% upper limit of normal OR PI approval.
  • No overt renal, hepatic, pulmonary disease or immune dysfunction.
  • Patients taking growth hormone when entering the study must have pretreatment weight measures while on growth hormone which are specified above. In addition, patients must remain on growth hormone treatment for the duration of the present clinical trial. Patients entering the trial not on growth hormone must remain off of growth hormone for the duration of their participation.
  • Signed informed consent according to institutional guidelines must be obtained and patient must begin therapy within twenty eight (28) days.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must not be receiving any other experimental drug therapy.
  • Patients must not be taking medications that significantly affect the metabolism of lonafarnib.
  • Subjects who have known or suspected hypersensitivity to any of the excipients included in the formulation should not be treated.
  • Patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test. Male and female patients of reproductive potential must agree to use a medically accepted form of birth control while on study and up to 10 weeks after treatment. It is permissible for female patients to take oral contraceptives or other hormonal methods while receiving treatment with lonafarnib.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00425607

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United States, Massachusetts
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Monica E. Kleinman
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Study Chair: Mark W Kieran, MD, PhD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Children's Hospital Boston
Publications of Results:

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Monica E. Kleinman, Critical Care, Boston Children's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00425607    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00426088
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-01-007
P05009 ( Other Identifier: Schering-Plough )
First Posted: January 23, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 24, 2017
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Keywords provided by Monica E. Kleinman, Boston Children's Hospital:
Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome
Farnesyltransferase Inhibitor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pathologic Processes
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolic Diseases
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action