Try the modernized beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working… Menu

Talimogene Laherparepvec in Patients With Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00402025
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 22, 2006
Results First Posted : April 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 15, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
BioVex Limited

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to assess the safety of injections of talimogene laherparepvec into patients with pancreatic cancer that cannot be removed by surgery. The study will also test whether the injections are effective in treating the tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Biological: Talimogene Laherparepvec Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Talimogene laherparepvec is a conditionally replication competent herpes simplex type-1 virus designed for use in solid tumors. It has been specifically modified to replicate in tumors and to provide a local source of the immune-stimulating cytokine, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). It is injected directly into cancer tumors and is believed to destroy tumor cells by direct infection of the tumor cells and an enhanced immune response due to the release of tumor antigens and GM-CSF expression.

This was an open-label, dose-escalation study evaluating the safety and efficacy of talimogene laherparepvec administered by direct injection into pancreatic tumors using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle injection (FNI). Only 1 tumor mass within the body and tail of the pancreas was injected in any participant. The protocol called for evaluation of 4 dosing regimens in sequential cohorts of participants; however, cohort 4 was not opened for enrollment.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Targeted Delivery of OncoVEX^GM-CSF by Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)-Guided Fine Needle Injection (FNI) in Patients With Irresectable Pancreatic Cancer: A Pilot Multinational Experiment on Safety and Proof of Concept
Study Start Date : November 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Talimogene Laherparepvec
Participants received 3 doses of talimogene laherparepvec administered by direct injection 3 weeks apart. At the discretion of the investigator, treatment with talimogene laherparepvec could continue beyond the third dose until week 15 in a regimen of at least 3 weeks between doses.
Biological: Talimogene Laherparepvec
Talimogene laherparepvec administered by direct injection into pancreatic tumors using EUS-guided FNI, up to a maximum of 4 mL per treatment.
Other Names:
  • OncoVEX^GM-CSF
  • T-VEC

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From first dose of talimogene laherparepvec until 30 days after the last dose; the median duration of treatment was 44.0 days, 22.0 days, and 11.5 days in each group respectively. ]
    A serious adverse event is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose results in death, is life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of an existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability or incapacity, is a congenital anomaly or birth defect, is an important and significant medical event that, based upon appropriate medical judgment, may jeopardize the participant or may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed above.

  2. Number of Participants With Talimogene Laherparepvec Detected in Blood and Urine [ Time Frame: Treatment Day 1 predose and 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours postdose, and Week 3 and 6 at (predose and 2 hours postdose. ]
    Samples of blood and urine collected before and up to 24 hours after dosing were tested for the presence of talimogene laherparepvec deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) using a validated quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay.

  3. Number of Participants Positive for Anti-herpes Simplex Virus-1 (HSV-1) Antibodies [ Time Frame: Week 0 (Day 1, predose) and Week 3 ]
    Anti-HSV-1 antibodies were detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Sum of Longest Diameters of Injected Tumors [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6, 12 and 18 ]
    Spiral computed tomography (CT) scans were performed to assess tumors at screening and at Weeks 6, 12 and 18 after the initial dose.

  2. Number of Participants With Overall Objective Response [ Time Frame: Every 6 weeks until 12 weeks after the last dose; the median duration of treatment was 44.0 days, 22.0 days, and 11.5 days in each group respectively. ]

    Tumor response was assessed via CT scan by the investigator using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.0 guidelines. Objective response is defined as a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR).

    CR: Disappearance of all target and non-target lesions, normalization of tumor marker level and no new lesions and with confirmation no less than 4 weeks after the criteria for CR is first met.

    PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameters of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum of the longest diameters, absence of non-target lesion progression, and no new lesions. These criteria must be confirmed no less than 4 weeks after they are first met.

  3. Change From Baseline in Pain Intensity [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 3 and 6 ]
    Pain was assessed by the participant using a validated Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain assessment instrument. A single 10-cm line was used with the leftmost end (0 cm) representing "no pain" and the rightmost end (10 cm) representing "worst pain". The distance was measured from the leftmost part of the scale to the mark made by the participant indicating pain level.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • cytological or histological proof of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
  • unresectable, locally advanced disease (isolated liver metastases are permitted)
  • tumors of at least 1 cm diameter at screening
  • measurable disease using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria
  • failure of either standard therapy, OR any one of the following:

    • no alternative therapeutic of higher curative potential is available;
    • investigator determination that patient could not tolerate alternative therapeutic due to unacceptable toxicity; or,
    • patient refusal to be treated with available alternative therapeutic
  • age > 18 years
  • life expectancy > 3 months
  • adequate bone marrow function as indicated by:

    • White blood cells (WBC) ≥ 3.0 x 10^9/L
    • platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
    • hemoglobin ≥ 8.5 gm/dL
  • adequate liver function as indicated by:

    • bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 5 x ULN in case of presence of liver metastasis
    • ALT or AST < 2.5 x ULN in case of absence of liver metastasis
  • adequate renal function as indicated by a serum creatinine level < 1.5 x ULN.
  • adequate hemostasis indicated by international normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5
  • mentally, physically and geographically able to undergo treatment and follow-up
  • provided written informed consent
  • first patient in each cohort only: seropositive for herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • history of other malignancy within two years prior to screening, except for prostate cancer (T1c, T2ab with definitive treatment, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) < 1 ng/ml, and without ongoing hormone suppression) or adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix, basal cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • cystic form of pancreatic cancer; microcystic disease may be eligible upon discussion with Medical Monitor
  • Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3 grade 2 or greater clinical pancreatitis within 8 weeks prior to dosing with OncoVEX^GM-CSF
  • other than metastases limited to the liver, imaging evidence of metastatic disease to any other organ or tissue
  • any serious concomitant systemic disorder that would compromise the safety of the patient, at the discretion of the investigator
  • evidence of compromised immune function including but not limited to:

    • clinically significant absolute lymphocyte count < Lower Limit of Normal (LLN)
    • known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acute or chronic active hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection;
    • concurrently taking HIV antiviral medications (e.g. protease inhibitors, azidothymidine, etc.)
  • received intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC) human gamma globulin within 6 months prior to dosing with OncoVEX^GM-CSF
  • patients taking immunosuppressive agents (e.g. cyclosporine, tacrolimus, or oral or systemic corticosteroids at a dose of > 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent).
  • pregnancy, lactation or lack of effective contraception in women of child-bearing potential (e.g., not post menopausal for > 2 years, or had tubal ligation); lack of effective contraception in men if the partner is of child-bearing potential; women must have been practicing an effective contraceptive method for at least three months prior to entry in to the trial (hormonal contraception or intrauterine device in conjunction with a barrier method); men must use a condom or be surgically sterilized
  • patients with active bacterial or viral infections that require treatment with systemic antibiotics or antiviral agents within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of OncoVEX^GM-CSF); (note: patients with active cold sores or other HSV1 infections must wait until those lesions have crusted over before receiving OncoVEX^GM-CSF)
  • surgery requiring general or spinal anesthesia within four weeks prior to dosing with OncoVEX^GM-CSF
  • Treatment with an investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of OncoVEX^GM-CSF
  • serum carbohydrate antigen (CA)19.9 levels > 3000 U/mL at screening
  • evidence of ascites on screening abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00402025

Layout table for location information
United States, California
UCI Medical Center
Orange, California, United States, 92868
California Pacific Medical Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, Texas
Mary Crowely Medical Research Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75246
Sponsors and Collaborators
BioVex Limited
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Neil N Senzer, MD Mary Crowley Medical Research Center
Study Director: Robert Coffin, PhD BioVex Limited
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: BioVex Limited Identifier: NCT00402025    
Other Study ID Numbers: 005/04
First Posted: November 22, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 15, 2016
Last Update Posted: April 15, 2016
Last Verified: April 2016
Keywords provided by BioVex Limited:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Talimogene laherparepvec
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents