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Backup With Combivir or Single Dose (SD) Truvada in Order to Avoid Non-nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NNRTI) Resistance After SD Nevirapine for the Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission (PMTCT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00346567
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 30, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 23, 2016
University of Copenhagen
Information provided by:
Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Brief Summary:
The aim of the study is to find short course alternatives to single dose (sd)nevirapine for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV-transmission with the same or better degree of transmission protection than sd nevirapine but with less NNRTI resistance development.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Zidovudine and Lamivudine (Combivir) Drug: Emtricitabine and Tenofovir (Truvada) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Randomised open study comparing Zidovudine from 28 weeks gestation, single dose Nevirapine + 1 week of Combivir with Zidovudine from 28 weeks gestation, single dose Nevirapine + single dose of Truvada for the mothers during birth. In both arms the infants will receive one dose of nevirapine within the first days after births as well as 7 to 28 days Zidovudine. N = 450. The study will be conducted at Ngamiani and Makorora Health Centres and Bombo Regional Hospital in Tanga, Tanzania as a cooperation between Rigshospitalet, Denmark, University of Copenhagen and National Institute of Medical Research, Tanzania.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 566 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Clinical Trial: Backup With Combivir (AZT/3TC) or Single Dose (sd) Truvada (FTC/TDF) in Order to Avoid NNRTI Resistance After sd Nevirapine for the Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission (MTCT)
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
AZT from week 28 or asap thereafter. Intrapartum AZT and 3TC + Single dose NVP Postpartum Combivir tail for 7 days twice daily
Drug: Zidovudine and Lamivudine (Combivir)
Experimental: 2
AZT from week 28 or asap thereafter. Intrapartum Single dose Truvada + Single dose NVP
Drug: Emtricitabine and Tenofovir (Truvada)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. frequency of mother-to-child HIV transmission [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post partum ]
  2. frequency of NNRTI resistance development [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post partum ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of p24 antigen to HIV RNA for treatment induced changes in viremia [ Time Frame: Delivery, day 7, day 42 and month 9 post partum ]
  2. Comparison of p24 antigen ability to detect viremia for the various subtypes A,C & D [ Time Frame: Delivery, Day 7, Day 42 post partum, mother, Day 42 and Day 90 post partum child ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV infected, antiretroviral naive, not fulfilling national Tanzanian criteria for HAART treatment, giving informed consent, consenting to homevisit-follow-up in case of no-show for scheduled hospital visit.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • CD4 less than 350 x10(6)/L, suffering from systemic diseases in need of medical treatment e.g. TB, renal or liver failure etc.
  • Creatinin higher than 1,5 mg/dL, Alanine aminotransferase above 140 U/L

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00346567

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Bombo Regional Hospital
Tanga, Tanzania
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rigshospitalet, Denmark
University of Copenhagen
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Study Director: Terese L Katzenstein, MD Ph.D. Rigshospitalet, Denmark

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Responsible Party: Terese Katzenstein Consultant, MD, Ph.D. DMSc, Rigshospitalet Identifier: NCT00346567    
Other Study ID Numbers: comtru
First Posted: June 30, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 23, 2016
Last Verified: February 2009
Keywords provided by Rigshospitalet, Denmark:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
Lamivudine, zidovudine drug combination
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers