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The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00339157
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 20, 2006
Last Update Posted : July 20, 2010
Information provided by:
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France

Brief Summary:
  1. Main objective: To test the efficacy of anakinra treatment in children or young adults with corticosteroid-resistant or -dependent Systemic-Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (SO-JIA)
  2. Design: Double blind, randomized trial testing the efficacy of one month Anakinra treatment versus placebo (2 groups of 12 patients each). All the patients will be treated with anakinra during the following 11 months and the dose of corticosteroids will be gradually tapered (= descriptive part of the trial to assess the tolerance and efficacy over 12 months).
  3. Hypothesis: 70% significant improvement after 1 month in Anakinra-treated patients versus no more than 10% in the placebo group.
  4. Main inclusion criteria : diagnosis of SO-JIA (Durban consensus conference criteria), age: 2 to 20 years at inclusion, active, corticosteroid-resistant or -dependent disease, no previous IL-1ra treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Systemic-Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Drug: Anakinra Biological: Pneumo23 Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: ANAkinra in Severe Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis of Systemic Onset (ANAJIS)
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2008

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 30% improvement of JIA activity after 1 month compared to day 1 according to Giannini's core-set criteria, ie 30% improvement of at least 3 of the 6 items and no more than one item worsened by 30% or more.
  2. Number of active arthritis
  3. Number of joints with limitation of motion
  4. Physician assessment of disease activity
  5. Parent or patient's assessment of disease activity
  6. Childhood health assessment questionnaire
  7. First hour ESR)
  8. Improvement of systemic symptoms between day 1 and month 1 as assessed by the resolution of the fever if present initially, by a 50% decrease or a normalization of the C-reactive protein and of the first hour ES

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number, severity and type of adverse events over 12 months
  2. Proportion of patients reaching 50%, 70% and 100% improvement of JIA activity according to Giannini's core-set criteria at each visit (day 15, month 1 to 6, month 9 and month 12)
  3. Proportion of patients in whom the daily dose of corticosteroids can be reduced to less than 0.3 mg/kg (less than 10 mg in patients over 34 kg) at month 6
  4. Proportion of patients with a normalization of the glycosylated ferritin / ferritin ratio (if lower than 1/4 initially) after 1, 2 and 6 months
  5. Variation of cytokine expression by PBMC between Day 1 and Month 1 and Month 6
  6. Antibody response at month 1 and month 6 to Pneumo 23® immunization: immunization on day 1 against Streptococcus pneumoniae
  7. Pharmacokinetic study at month 2 and month 6

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 20 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • SO-JIA (Edmonton's revision of Durban's consensus conference criteria)
  • Age: at least 2 years and less than 20 years at treatment initiation
  • Disease duration of at least 6 months
  • Failure of corticosteroid treatment or requirement for corticosteroid treatment at a daily dose equal to or over 0.3 mg/kg (10 mg in patients whose weight is over 34 kg)
  • Active and severe systemic symptoms and/or arthritis as assessed by an experienced pediatric Rheumatologists, with at least 3 of the following criteria when assessing Giannini's core-set items: 1) physician global assessment of disease activity of at least 20/100; 2) parent/patient assessment of disease effect on overall well-being of at least 20/100; 3) functional disability with a Children Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ, Ref [9]) score equal to or higher than 0.375/3; 4) 2 joints or more with active arthritis 5) 2 joints or more with non-irreversible limited range of motion (irreversible limited range of motion will be defined by radiological evidence of irreversible joint damage and ankylosis) 6) erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) equal to or higher than 20.
  • In the absence of disease-related fever, either CRP or first hour ESR or both have to be over the upper limit of normal values so that treatment effect on the systemic part of the disease can be objectively evaluated.
  • Patients with polyarthritis (at least 5 joints with inflammation and/or limitation of motion) will be eligible for this study only if at least 50% of the affected joints do not present radiological evidence of irreversible damage.
  • Informed consent signed by the parents or the person legally responsible for the patient if the patient is less than 18, and by the patient if old enough
  • Teenager girls or young women with childbearing potential must use a contraceptive method (including abstinence
  • tuberculin test performed before Day 1 and must either be negative or positivity must be related to previous immunization and of normal intensity according to the investigator's judgment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment with IL-1Ra
  • intra-articular injection or change in the doses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids in the 4 weeks preceding the initiation of anakinra treatment
  • Treatment with another immunosuppressive or disease-modifying drugs that could not be stopped before inclusion (for a duration depending on the drug pharmacokinetic properties)
  • Contra-indication to the use of anakinra including ongoing active infection or allergy to E Coli's derivate or other components of the drug
  • Previous history of malignancy or heart insufficiency
  • Patients with asthma require to be previously assessed by a pneumonologist
  • Obvious need of therapeutic intervention before study completion such as surgery, intra-articular injection, life vaccine administration
  • Any of the following: leucocyte counts < 3.6 x 10e9/L, polymorphonuclear neutrophil counts < 1.5 x 10e9/L, platelets < 150 000/mm3, serum creatinin > 1.5 the upper limit of normal range for age, serum alanine and aspartate transaminases > 2 times the upper limit of the normal range, serum bilirubin > 2 times the upper limit of the normal range

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00339157

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Bordeaux CHU
Bordeaux, France, 33000
Kremlin-Bicetre Hospital
Kremlin-Bicetre, France, 94270
Hopital Lyon Edouard Herriot
Lyon, France, 69437
Nancy Hopital d'Enfants
Nancy, France, 54511
Pediatric Immuno-Hematology and Rheumatology Unit, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, 149 rue de Sevres
Paris, France, 75015
Robert Debre Hospital
Paris, France, 75019
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
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Principal Investigator: Pierre Quartier-dit-Maire, MD Pediatric Immuno-Hematology and Rheumatology Unit, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, 149 rue de Sevre, 75015 Paris, France
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00339157    
Other Study ID Numbers: C05-40
First Posted: June 20, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 20, 2010
Last Verified: July 2010
Keywords provided by Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis, Juvenile
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Antirheumatic Agents