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Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Study of Etanercept in the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis and Psoriasis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00317499
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 25, 2006
Last Update Posted : December 23, 2010
Immunex Corporation
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:
This was a phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, multicenter study in subjects with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and psoriasis comprising 3 periods: a 24-week double-blind period, a ≤ 24-week maintenance period, and a 48-week open-label period. During the double-blind period, subjects were randomized equally to 1 of 2 regimens: etanercept 25 mg twice weekly (BIW) or placebo, administered subcutaneously (SC). After the week 24 visit, subjects continued on blind-labeled therapy in a maintenance period until all subjects completed the double-blind period. After the maintenance period, all subjects received open-label etanercept 25 mg BIW.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriasis Other: Placebo Drug: Etanercept Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Previously presented data from 2 double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (Protocols 016.0612 [Investigator IND] and 016.0030 [Immunex IND]) led to the approval of etanercept for reducing clinical signs and symptoms of PsA. One-year radiographic data from Protocol 20021630 led to an additional approval of etanercept for inhibiting structural progression in PsA.

Data are used for the following purposes:

  • To summarize the clinical efficacy and safety results previously described in the 6-month clinical study report and the radiographic results previously described in the 1-year clinical study report.
  • To show the effect of etanercept on physical function in subjects with PsA and psoriasis, as measured by 2 patient-reported outcome measures (disability index of the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire [HAQ] and Medical Outcomes Study Short-form Health Survey [SF-36]). • To present the radiographic results at 2 years from baseline and the final clinical efficacy and safety results during the open-label period of the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 205 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of Etanercept (ENBREL) in the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) and Psoriasis
Study Start Date : April 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Etanercept

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Etanercept Drug: Etanercept

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Other: Placebo

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria: Subjects had to satisfy the following criteria before randomization into the study:

  • Active PsA at the time of screening, including ≥ 3 swollen joints and ≥ 3 tender/painful joints. • Had ≥ 1 of the following subtypes of PsA: distal interphalangeal (DIP) involvement; polyarticular arthritis (absence of rheumatoid nodules and presence of psoriasis); arthritis mutilans; asymmetric peripheral arthritis; or ankylosing spondylitis-like.
  • Arthritis had demonstrated an inadequate response to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy.
  • Subjects had plaque psoriasis with qualifying target lesion. Target lesion was to be ≥ 2 cm in diameter and could not be on the scalp, axilla, or groin. Psoriasis was to be stable (ie, not accelerating).
  • Between 18 and 70 years of age.
  • Subjects remaining on concomitant MTX (≤ 25 mg/week) had inadequate disease control in the opinion of the investigator and had been on a stable dose of MTX for 2 months before start of investigational product. Subjects were required to maintain a stable dose of MTX throughout the study.
  • Negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days before the first dose of investigational product in all women (except those surgically sterile or ≥ 5 years postmenopausal).
  • Heterosexually active men and women of childbearing potential agreed to use a medically accepted form of contraception throughout the study, including the exclusionary medicine washout period and follow-up period.
  • Serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and serum alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2 times laboratory's upper limit of normal; hemoglobin ≥ 8.5 g/dL; platelet count ≥ 125,000/mm3; white blood cell count ≥ 3,500 cells/mm3; and serum creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL.
  • Negative HIV test. Negative test for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C.
  • Able to reconstitute and self-inject investigational product or have a designee who could do so.
  • Capable of understanding and giving written, voluntary informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Guttate or pustular psoriasis.
  • Evidence of skin conditions (eg, eczema) other than psoriasis that would interfere with evaluations of the effect of study medication on psoriasis.
  • Active severe infection within 1 month of investigational product administration.
  • Subjects must be off antibiotics for 1 week before investigational product administration.
  • Previous receipt of etanercept, known antibody to TNF, or experimental metalloproteinase inhibitors (past or current use of minocycline and doxycycline was acceptable).
  • Receipt of investigational drugs or biologics within 4 weeks of the screening visit.
  • Receipt of anti-CD4 or diptheria IL-2 fusion protein within the previous 6 months, with a subsequent abnormal absolute T cell count.
  • Psoralen ultraviolet A phototherapy (PUVA) within 4 weeks of investigational product initiation. Ultraviolet B (UVB) phototherapy within 2 weeks of investigational product initiation.
  • Receipt of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) other than MTX (eg, hydroxycholorquine, oral or injectable gold, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, azathioprine, D-penicillamine, or sulfasalazine) or intra-articular corticosteroids within 4 weeks before the first dose of investigational product.
  • Dose of NSAID greater than the maximum recommended dose in the product information. NSAID dose had to be stable for ≥ 4 weeks before screening evaluation.
  • Concomitant corticosteroids > 10 mg/day of prednisone (or its equivalent). Corticosteroid dose had to be stable for ≥ 4 weeks before screening evaluation.
  • Topical steroids, oral retinoids, topical vitamin A or D analog preparations or anthralin within 14 days of baseline. (Exception: Topical therapies were permitted on scalp, axillae, and groin but had to be stable throughout trial.)
  • Pregnancy or lactation in women.
  • Significant concurrent medical diseases including:

    • Diabetes mellitus requiring insulin
    • Uncompensated congestive heart failure
    • Myocardial infarction within 12 months of screening visit
    • Unstable or stable angina pectoris
    • Uncontrolled hypertension
    • Severe pulmonary disease (requiring medical or oxygen therapy)
    • History of cancer (other than resected cutaneous basal or squamous cell carcinoma or in situ cervical cancer) within 5 years of screening visit
    • HIV positive, hepatitis B surface antigen, or hepatitis C positive
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, scleroderma, or polymyositis
    • Any condition judged by the subject's physician that would cause this study to be detrimental to the subject
  • Current or history of psychiatric disease that would interfere with ability to comply with the study protocol or give informed consent.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse that would interfere with ability to comply with the study protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00317499

Sponsors and Collaborators
Immunex Corporation
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Study Director: MD Amgen
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Global Development Leader, Amgen Inc. Identifier: NCT00317499    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20021630
First Posted: April 25, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2010
Last Verified: December 2010
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis, Psoriatic
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors