We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Try the New Site
We're building a modernized ClinicalTrials.gov! Visit Beta.ClinicalTrials.gov to try the new functionality.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Aspirin Prophylaxis in Sickle Cell Disease (START)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00178464
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 15, 2005
Results First Posted : January 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2017
University of Miami
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Rochester

Brief Summary:
Neurologic complications secondary to cerebrovascular damage are prevalent in children with sickle cell disease. These patients experience both clinically overt cerebrovascular accidents and "silent infarctions" demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They are also at risk for neurocognitive abnormalities.We hypothesize that daily, low-dose aspirin therapy will safely diminish the incidence and progression of cognitive deficits as well as the predisposition to overt and silent stroke in children with homozygous sickle cell disease (Hgb SS) or hemoglobin S Beta Zero Thalassemia (Hgb SB-0 Thal). In order to optimize the design of a future trial to test this hypothesis, we propose a pilot study to test the safety and tolerability of aspirin in young children with sickle cell disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sickle Cell Disease Drug: aspirin Phase 1

Detailed Description:
The trial's primary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of daily low-dose aspirin in children with sickle cell disease. The secondary objectives are to assess (1) The feasibility of recruiting children with Hgb SS and Hgb S Beta-0 Thalassemia to an aspirin trial, (2) The level of compliance with aspirin administration in the proposed patient population, (3) The most useful assessments in a battery of age-appropriate neurocognitive tests, (4) The feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) studies and the utility of classification systems for use in group comparisons, (5) Preliminary data regarding trends in transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound velocities over time and the validity of using trends for group comparisons, (6) Preliminary data regarding the effect of aspirin therapy on the incidence of cognitive deficit, imaging changes, overt stroke, painful crises, and acute chest syndrome. Subjects will include children between the ages of 2 and 7.99 years with documented Hgb SS or Hgb S Beta-0 Thalassemia who are followed at Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong and the University of Miami. All subjects will receive daily aspirin (about 2.5 - 5.1 mg/kg daily). Subjects will receive therapy for 12 months. There will be careful laboratory and clinical monitoring every 3-6 months and more frequently if needed. Pre and post treatment clinical complications, neurocognitive testing, MRI, MRA, and TCD studies will be assessed.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Aspirin Prophylaxis in Sickle Cell Disease
Study Start Date : March 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Aspirin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Aspirin
One-arm study
Drug: aspirin
81 mg flavored chewable tablets. Subjects between the ages of 2.0 and 4.99 years will receive half of an 81 mg aspirin tablet each day. Those older than 5.0 years will receive a daily 81 mg aspirin tablet. The subject will receive the study drug for a period of 12 months.
Other Names:
  • Acetylsalicyclic Acid
  • ASA

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Occurrence of individual serious adverse events and relationship to aspirin

  2. Number of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Occurrence of individual adverse events and relationship to aspirin

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. # of Subjects Recruited Over Time, Screening Failures, Withdrawal Rates;Compliance (Pill Counts & Labs);Changes in Performance on Neurocognitive Tests; Changes in MRI/MRA; Changes in TCD;Incidences of Stroke, Acute Chest Crises, and Pain Crises [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 7 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Children ages 2 - 7.99 years with a diagnosis of Hb SS or Hb Sß0 thalassemia, documented by hemoglobin electrophoresis and a complete blood count (CBC). 2. Influenza vaccination during the previous year or intended before the upcoming flu season. 3. Evidence of past infection with, or immunization against, varicella. 4. Negative pregnancy tests in girls of childbearing potential. 5. Informed consent signed by the parent or legal guardian.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Prior history of overt stroke or cerebral hemorrhage. 2. Known history of allergic reaction to aspirin. 3. History of Reye's syndrome 4. Diagnosis of G-6-PD deficiency or von Willebrand's disease 5. Prolongation of the bleeding time or abnormal closure time, prothrombin time (PT), or partial thromboplastin time (PTT). 6. Active gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding or a history of GI bleeding. 7. Hepatic disease (AST or ALT >2x upper limit of normal, Direct bilirubin > 1.5 mg/dL) or renal disease (creatinine >2x upper limit of normal or 2 mg/dl, whichever is smaller). The exclusion criteria laboratory study ranges have been specified as greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal. 8. Hypertension (BP >95% for age and height). 9. Current treatment with chronic transfusion therapy. 10. Evidence of hemorrhage on MRI. 11. A mean TCD velocity > 200 cm/sec. in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) or internal carotid artery (ICA). 12. Evidence of Moyamoya syndrome on MRA. 13. Evidence of pregnancy. 14. Evidence of an inability to comply with testing procedures. 15. Inability to provide informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00178464

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
University of Miami
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Norma B. Lerner, MD University of Rochester
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of Rochester
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00178464    
Other Study ID Numbers: 09661
5R01NS045948-03 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 15, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 4, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Rochester:
sickle cell disease
hemoglobin SS disease
hemoglobin S Beta-0 Thalassemia
silent infarction in sickle cell disease
overt stroke in sickle cell disease
transcranial Doppler ultrasound
neurocognitive testing
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors