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The INSPIRE Trial: A Study of Interferon Gamma-1b for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00075998
Recruitment Status : Terminated (test drug showed lack of benefit at interim analysis)
First Posted : January 14, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2009
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:
  • Purpose: A phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to determine the efficacy and safety of 200 µg of recombinant Interferon gamma-1b administered by subcutaneous (SC) injection, compared with placebo, in patients with IPF
  • Enrollment: Approximately 800 patients will be enrolled from approximately 80 centers in North America and Europe
  • Randomization: 2:1 active-to-placebo ratio
  • Duration: at least 2 years active drug or placebo (rescue therapy will be permitted for patients who meet predefined criteria)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Lung Disease Pulmonary Fibrosis Drug: Interferon gamma-1b ("Actimmune") Phase 3

Detailed Description:
INSPIRE, the largest and most comprehensive clinical trial ever conducted in IPF, has now completed enrolling patients with mild to moderate IPF. Eligible patients will receive either Interferon gamma-1b or placebo for a minimum of 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 826 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Interferon Gamma-1b in Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (The INSPIRE Trial)
Study Start Date : December 2003
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2007

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: Interferon gamma-1b ("Actimmune")
    200 mcg, SQ, 3x per week

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Survival time from randomization to treatment completion visit, or, end of treatment period, or, last known vital status. [ Time Frame: 3.5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Lung transplant-free survival time (ongoing assessment up to end of study). [ Time Frame: 3.5 years ]
  2. Total number of days without hospitalization resulting from respiratory admission diagnosis (ongoing assessment up to end of study). [ Time Frame: 3.5 years ]
  3. Changes from baseline measurement to week 96 measurement in the following (measured every 24 weeks): 6-minute walk test, shortness of breath [ Time Frame: 96 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  • Clinical symptoms consistent with IPF of >= 3 months duration
  • Diagnosis of IPF within 48 months before randomization
  • Age 40 through 79, inclusive
  • High-resolution computed tomographic scan (HRCT) showing definite IPF. For patients with surgical lung biopsy showing definite or probable usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), the HRCT criterion of probable IPF is sufficient.
  • For patients aged < 50 years: open or video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lung biopsy showing definite or probable UIP within 48 months before randomization. In addition, there are no features supporting an alternative diagnosis on transbronchial biopsy or bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) if performed.
  • For patients aged < 50 years: At least one of the following diagnostic findings, as well as the absence of any features on specimens resulting from any of these procedures that support an alternative diagnosis, within 48 months before randomization:

    • Open or VATS lung biopsy showing definite or probable UIP
    • Transbronchial biopsy showing no features to support an alternative diagnosis
    • BAL showing no features to support an alternative diagnosis IPF Disease Severity and Progression
  • FVC >= 55% of predicted value (post administration of bronchodilator)
  • Hemoglobin (Hb)-corrected carbon monoxide diffusing capacity/carbon monoxide transfer capacity (DLCO/TLCO) >= 35% of predicted value
  • At least one of either FVC or Hb-corrected DLCO/TLCO <= 90% of predicted value
  • IPF disease progression evidenced by one or more of the following within the past year and the absence of evidence of improvement in the past year:

    • Absolute decrease of >= 10% in FVC
    • Absolute decrease of >= 15% in DLCO/TLCO
    • Evidence of clinically significant worsening on chest X ray or HRCT
    • Significant worsening of dyspnea
  • Distance walked >= 150 meters (492 feet) with O2 saturation >= 83% on <= 6 L/min of O2 during the 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) oxygen titration procedure

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Not a suitable candidate for enrollment or unlikely to comply with the requirements of this study, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator (PI)
  2. Forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1)/FVC ratio < 0.6 (after administration of bronchodilator)
  3. Residual volume (RV) > 140% of predicted (before administration of bronchodilator)
  4. History of clinically significant environmental exposure known to cause pulmonary fibrosis (including but not limited to drugs, asbestos, beryllium, radiation, domestic birds)
  5. Known explanation for interstitial lung disease, including but not limited to radiation, sarcoidosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, and cancer
  6. Diagnosis of any connective tissue disease, including but not limited to scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis
  7. Clinical evidence of active infection, including but not limited to bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, urinary tract infection, and cellulitis
  8. On a lung transplantation waiting list at time of randomization

    Medical Exclusions:

  9. Any history of malignancy likely to result in death, significant disability, or likely to require significant medical or surgical intervention within the next 3 years. This does not include minor surgical procedures for localized carcinoma (e.g., basal cell carcinoma)
  10. Any condition other than IPF which, in the opinion of the PI, is likely to result in the death of the patient within the next 3 years
  11. History of unstable or deteriorating cardiac, vascular, or neurologic disease within the previous 6 months, including but not limited to the following:

    • Myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, coronary artery bypass surgery, or coronary angioplasty
    • Congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization
    • Uncontrolled arrhythmias
    • Thromboembolic event (e.g., deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism)
    • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or cerebral vascular accident
  12. Any condition, which, in the opinion of the investigator, might be significantly exacerbated by the known side effects, (e.g., flu-like syndrome) associated with the administration of IFN g 1b
  13. History of any of the following medical conditions:

    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Seizures within the past 10 years or taking anti seizure medication
    • Severe or poorly controlled diabetes
  14. Pregnancy or lactation. Females of childbearing potential are required to have a negative serum pregnancy test before treatment and must agree to practice abstinence or prevent pregnancy by at least a barrier method of birth control for the duration of the study
  15. Inability to tolerate nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) or acetaminophen (paracetamol)
  16. History of ethanol abuse in the past 2 years
  17. Known hypersensitivity to IFN-g or closely related interferons or to any component of the study treatment
  18. Presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or chronic viral hepatitis

    Laboratory Exclusions:

  19. Any of the following liver function test criteria above specified limits:

    Total bilirubin > 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); aspartate or alanine aminotransferases (AST/SGOT or ALT/SGPT) > 2 x ULN; alkaline phosphatase > 2 x ULN; or albumin < 3.0 mg/dL

  20. Any of the following hematology test criteria outside of specified limits: WBC < 2,500/mm3, hematocrit < 30% or > 59%, platelets < 100,000 /mm3
  21. Creatinine > 1.5 x ULN

    Concomitant Therapy Exclusions:

  22. Prednisone therapy (prednisone or equivalent, with dose adjusted for potency) in excess of 0.125 mg/kg ideal body weight (IBW) per day or in excess of 0.25 mg/kg IBW every other day. Patients will also be excluded if they were not on a stable dose of corticosteroid therapy for at least 28 days prior to screening.
  23. Prior treatment with IFN g 1b
  24. Investigational therapy (i.e., agents that are not approved by local regulatory agencies) for any indication within 28 days prior to screening
  25. The following therapies are excluded within 28 days prior to screening:

    • Investigational therapy for IPF, including pirfenidone
    • Any cytotoxic/immunosuppressive agent other than corticosteroids (including but not limited to azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, cyclosporine)
    • Any cytokine modulators (including but not limited to etanercept, infliximab)
    • Any therapy targeted to treat IPF (including but not limited to d penicillamine, colchicine, bosentan, N-acetyl-cysteine [NAC])

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00075998

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United States, California
InterMune, Inc.
Brisbane, California, United States, 94005
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Chair: InterMune, Inc. Medical Information
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00075998    
Other Study ID Numbers: GIPF-007
First Posted: January 14, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2009
Last Verified: July 2009
Keywords provided by InterMune:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Diseases
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents